APA PsycBooks® Database Guide
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APA PsycBooks® contains full text in Portable Document Format (PDF) of scholarly book titles published by the American Psychological Association (APA).  In 2006, the database offering includes about 900 titles, including 100 out-of-print books from 1950-2002, approximately 300 archival resources in psychology, and the exclusive electronic release of the APA/Oxford University Press Encyclopedia of Psychology with over 1,500 authored entries.  APA PsycBooks® is updated with new releases of APA books and books originally produced by other publishers on a monthly basis.
 
APA PsycBooks® is produced and copyrighted (c) by the American Psychological Association, all rights reserved.

Segments and Years of Coverage
Name   Years of Coverage
PSBK   (1806 - present)

The limit of databases that you can select for a multifile search session is based upon database segments rather than actual databases. The Ovid multifile segment limit is set at 120 to avoid impacting your search sessions. This database includes 1 segment.

This database is updated online monthly.



NOTE: APA supplied MARC records and edited Ovid MARC records for APA PsycBooks® are available. Please visit http://site.ovid.com/psycbooks/marc/ to access these files for downloading.

 

Fields
The following list is sorted alphabetically by field alias. Click a field name to see the description and search information.
All Fields in this Database
  Abstract (AB) Conference Note (CN) Parent Book Edition (PN)
  Accession Number (AN) Correction Date (CH) Parent Book Institutional Author (PI)
  Age Group (AG) Correspondence Address (CQ) Parent Book Title (BT)
  All Searchable Fields (AF) Digital Object Identifier (DO) Parent Book Title Word (BW)
  Author (AU) Document Type (DT) Parent Book Volume (PV)
  Author ID (AI) E-mail Address (MA) Population Group (PO)
  Back Matter (BM) Format Covered (FO) Publication Date (DP)
  Book Edition (BE) Front Matter (FM) Publication Type (PT)
  Book Record Links (MB) Grant Sponsorship (GS) Publisher Information (PU)
  Book Series (ST) Heading Word (HW) Publisher Location (PL)
  Book Volume (BV) Intended Audience (IA) Reprint Year (RY)
  Chapters (BA) ISBN (IB) Source (SO)
  Cited References (RF) Institution (IN) Subject Headings (SH)
  Cited Reference Author (CU) ISSN (Print) (IS) Supplemental Material (SV)
  Cited Reference Author Last Name (CT) Keywords (ID) Supplemental Material DOI (SM)
  Cited Reference Date (CB) Language (LG) Table of Contents (TC)
  Cited Reference DOI (CD) Location (LO) Test DOI (TD)
  Cited Reference Publisher (CE) Mapping Alias (MP) Test & Measures (TM)
  Cited Reference Source (CS) Methodology (MD) Textword (TW)
  Cited Reference Title (CV) Notes (NT) Title (TI)
  Classification Code (CC) Number of Cited References (NR) Type of Book (BY)
  Classification Code Word (CW) Pagination (PG) Update Code (UP)
  Conference Information (CF ) Parent Book Author (PA) Year of Publication (YR)  
  Corporate/Institutional Author (CA) Parent Book Author ID (PD)  
Go: Table of Contents or Back 

Default Fields for Unqualified Searches (MP): Searching for a term without specifying a field in Advanced search, or specifying .mp., defaults to the following Ďmulti-purposeí (.mp.) fields for this database: ti,ab,hw,tc,id.

  Abstract (AB) Keywords (ID) Table of Contents (TC)
  Heading Word (HW) Title (TI)  
Go: Table of Contents or Back 

Default Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: The following fields are included by default for each record.

  Abstract (AB) Document Type (DT) Parent Book Title Word (BW)
  Accession Number (AN) E-mail Address (MA) Population Group (PO)
  Age Group (AG) Format Covered (FO) Publication Date (DP)
  Author (AU) Front Matter (FM) Publication Type (PT)
  Back Matter (BM) Grant Sponsorship (GS) Publisher Information (PU)
  Book Series (ST) Heading Word (HW) Publisher Location (PL)
  Cited References (RF) Intended Audience (IA) Reprint Year (RY)
  Cited Reference Author (CU) ISBN (IB) Source (SO)
  Cited Reference Author Last Name (CT) Institution (IN) Subject Headings (SH)
  Cited Reference Date (CB) ISSN (Print) (IS) Supplemental Material (SV)
  Cited Reference DOI (CD) Keywords (ID) Supplemental Material DOI (SM)
  Cited Reference Publisher (CE) Language (LG) Table of Contents (TC)
  Cited Reference Source (CS) Location (LO) Test DOI (TD)
  Cited Reference Title (CV) Mapping Alias (MP) Test & Measures (TM)
  Classification Code (CC) Methodology (MD) Textword (TW)
  Classification Code Word (CW) Notes (NT) Title (TI)
  Conference Information (CF ) Number of Cited References (NR) Type of Book (BY)
  Corporate/Institutional Author (CA) Pagination (PG) Update Code (UP)
  Conference Note (CN) Parent Book Author (PA) Year of Publication (YR)
  Correspondence Address (CQ) Parent Book Institutional Author (PI)  
  Digital Object Identifier (DO) Parent Book Title (BT)  
Go: Table of Contents or Back 

All Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: Use the Select Fields button in the Results Manager at the bottom of the Main Search Page to choose the fields for a record.

  Abstract (AB) Conference Note (CN) Parent Book Edition (PN)
  Accession Number (AN) Correspondence Address (CQ) Parent Book Institutional Author (PI)
  Age Group (AG) Digital Object Identifier (DO) Parent Book Title (BT)
  Author (AU) Document Type (DT) Parent Book Title Word (BW)
  Author ID (AI) E-mail Address (MA) Parent Book Volume (PV)
  Back Matter (BM) Format Covered (FO) Population Group (PO)
  Book Edition (BE) Front Matter (FM) Publication Date (DP)
  Book Record Links (MB) Grant Sponsorship (GS) Publication Type (PT)
  Book Series (ST) Heading Word (HW) Publisher Information (PU)
  Book Volume (BV) Intended Audience (IA) Publisher Location (PL)
  Chapters (BA) ISBN (IB) Reprint Year (RY)
  Cited References (RF) Institution (IN) Source (SO)
  Cited Reference Author (CU) ISSN (Print) (IS) Subject Headings (SH)
  Cited Reference Author Last Name (CT) Keywords (ID) Supplemental Material (SV)
  Cited Reference Date (CB) Language (LG) Supplemental Material DOI (SM)
  Cited Reference DOI (CD) Location (LO) Table of Contents (TC)
  Cited Reference Publisher (CE) Mapping Alias (MP) Test DOI (TD)
  Cited Reference Source (CS) Methodology (MD) Test & Measures (TM)
  Cited Reference Title (CV) Notes (NT) Textword (TW)
  Classification Code (CC) Number of Cited References (NR) Title (TI)
  Classification Code Word (CW) Pagination (PG) Type of Book (BY)
  Conference Information (CF ) Parent Book Author (PA) Update Code (UP)
  Corporate/Institutional Author (CA) Parent Book Author ID (PD) Year of Publication (YR)
Go: Table of Contents or Back 

Elements of Source (SO) Field: Ovid searches the following fields as part of the record source.

  Book Series (ST) Parent Book Edition (PN) Publisher Information (PU)
  Pagination (PG) Parent Book Institutional Author (PI) Publisher Location (PL)
 

Parent Book Author (PA)

Parent Book Title (BT) Reprint Year (RY)
  Parent Book Author ID (PD) Parent Book Volume (PV) Year of Publication (YR)
Go: Menu or Back 
The following list is sorted alphabetically by the two-letter label, and includes the relevant alias, at least one example for all searchable fields, and a description of the field.
Label Name / Example
AB Abstract [Word Indexed]
macrobehavioral.ab.
clinical trials.cr.
 

The Abstracts (AB) field includes abstracts written or edited by the American Psychological Association (APA) for journal articles. APA abstracts contain information specifically targeted to be of use with various forms of literature.

For example, experimental and empirical articles will always contain the purpose of the study, the hypothesis, the subject population, methodology, results and significant conclusions. Names and genres of instruments used are included wherever possible, as well as names, dosage and route of administration of drugs.

The abstract index contains all searchable words from the abstract.

Historical Note: From 1995, dissertation records contain abstracts as well. Journal-provided abstracts have been used with little modification, whenever possible, since 2003. Older APA PsycInfo® records have a higher percentage of staff-written and modified journal abstracts.

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AF All Searchable Fields [Search Alias]
prevention.af.
 

All Fields (AF) is an alias for all of the fields which occur in the source documents, including value-added fields such as Subject Headings (SH).

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AG Age Group [Phrase Indexed]
adulthood 18 yrs older.ag.
"100".ag.
 

The Age Group (AG) field contains a standardized description of specific population age groups related to the content of the document. The results are displayed as part of the Population Group (PO) field. A record may contain multiple Age Groups:

Search for:   or search for:   to find:
100.ag.   childhood birth 12 yrs.ag.   Childhood, from birth to 12 yrs
120.ag.   neonatal birth 1 mo.ag.   Neonatal, from birth to 1 mo
140.ag.   infancy 2 to 23 mo.ag.   Infancy (2 to 23 mo)
160.ag.   preschool age 2 to 5 yrs.ag.   Preschool Age (2 to 5 yrs)
180.ag.   school age 6 to 12 yrs.ag.   School Age (6 to 12 yrs)
200.ag.   adolescence 13 to 17 yrs.ag.   Adolescence (13 to 17 yrs)
300.ag.   adulthood 18 yrs & older.ag.   Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
320.ag.   young adulthood 18 to 29 yrs.ag.   Young Adulthood (18 to 29 yrs)
340.ag.   thirties 30 to 39 yrs.ag.   Thirties (30 to 39 yrs)
360.ag.   middle age 40 to 64 yrs.ag.   Middle Age (40 to 64 yrs)
380.ag.   aged 65 yrs & older.ag.   Aged (65 yrs & older)
390.ag.   very old 85 yrs & older.ag.   Very Old (85 yrs & older)

Both the code and the term are searchable, e.g., 100.ag. or childhood birth 12 yrs.ag. Age Groups are also available as limits.

Historical Note: The present list of Age Groups has existed from 1996 to present. The three broad Age Groups (Childhood, Adolescence, and Adulthood) have been assigned by indexers since 1984 and are also applied to all records in which a narrower Age Group appears. However, Age Group values have been mapped back in the database to 1967, based on the records indexing. Most of the records from the earliest to 1966 do not have Age Groups.

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AI Author ID [Phrase Indexed]
cannon bowers janis a orcid http orcidorg 0000 0003 2154 4456.ai.
fonagy peter orcid http orcidorg 0000 0003 0229 0091.ai.
 

The Author ID (AI) will help users locate publications by authors with variant name spellings and will group that authorís publications.

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AN Accession Number [Phrase Indexed]
2000-00426-000.an.
2003-00141-000.an.
 

The Accession Number (AN) field appears in every record, and uniquely identifies the record. You can retrieve any specific record in the database with its accession number. It contains 12 numeric characters with hyphens, structured as follows:

YYYY   =   year record was processed
NNNNN   =   sequence of processing within a particular year; includes leading zeros
LLL   =   sequence of record within a book; will consist of zeros for Book records

Examples:

Book record:   2005-06048-000
Chapter from above book:   2005-06048-001
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AU Author [Phrase Indexed]
smith-$.au.
smith$.au.
 

The Author (AU) field contains the names of individual persons responsible for creation of the work represented by the record. If all authors are not included, the last name listed is followed by "et al."

The author names are entered into the index as they appeared in the original document, in the format of last name followed by first and middle names or up to two initials. Thus, a person named "James C. Smith" may appear as "Smith James C," "Smith J Charles," "Smith, JC" or "Smith J" Enter the last name, or if it is a common name, enter the last name, a space, and the first initial.

Patronymic suffixes, such as Jr., Sr., III, and so on, are included for display, but are not indexed, as are non-author roles, which include:

Anon: Anonymous
Col: Collaborator
Cont: Contributor
Dir: Director
Ed: Editor
Comp: Compiler
Illus: Illustrator
Photo: Photographer
Pres: Presenter
Prod: Producer
Revwr: Reviewer
Trans: Translator

Historical Note: The number of authors cited varies by entry year.
1996-present: All author names.
1987-1995: First four authors, followed by et al. if there were more than four authors. In 2009 et al. was replaced with the actual authorsí names.
1967-1986: Up to four authors entered; but for publications with more than four authors, the first author ONLY was entered followed by et al. (See note above regarding et al.)
Earliest-1966: Variable due to editorial differences among the printed source material.

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BA Chapters [Word Indexed]
2014 27628 027.ba.
 

The Chapters (BA) field displays the Accession number(s) and Chapter Titles of different chapter(s) in a Book Record. Chapter accession numbers are searchable in Chapters (BA) and Accession Number (AN) indexes, they consist of 12 numeric characters with hyphens. While the Chapter Title(s) are searchable in the Title (TI) field.

Display Example:

Chapters: 2014-07760-003 [Stigma and LGBT aging: Negative and positive marginality]

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BE Book Edition [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Book Edition (BE) field contains the edition information of book records. This information displays as part of the Title (TI) field.

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BM Back Matter [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Back Matter (BM) field displays the information on where to search the back matter pdf of a Book Record.

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BT Parent Book Title [Phrase Indexed]
Lectures on Metaphysics Vol 2 4th Ed.bt.
 

The Parent Book Title (BT) field contains individual words from every title of the parent book in which the chapter appears.

Parent Book titles are indexed as phrases. To view book titles in the index, enter as many of the words or letters in a book title name as are needed to distinguish it from other journals: "the interpret" for "The Interpretation of Dreams."

To search by a Parent Book Title word, use the Parent Book Title Word (BW) index. This field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

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BV Book Volume [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Book Volume (BV) field contains the volume information of book records. This information displays as part of the Title (TI) field.

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BW Parent Book Title Word [Word Indexed]
therapy.bw.
 

The Parent Book Title Word (BW) field contains individual words from every title of the parent book in which the chapter appears.

The parent book information, combined with the publisher and ISBN fields, enables users to obtain complete book bibliographic data from chapter records. This field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

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BY Type of Book [Phrase Indexed]
classic book.by.
 

The Type of Book (BY) field identifies the description or type of book. Type of Book is also available as a limit. Type of Book (BY) include:

Classic Book
Conference Proceeding
Handbook Manual
Reference Book
Textbook/Study Guide
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CA Corporate/Institutional Author [Word Indexed]
national research council.ca.
 

The Corporate/Institutional Author (CA) field contains the corporation or institution of the authors or editors as well as the department, sub-departments and location.

If all corporate authors are not included, "et al." will appear after the last one.

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CB Cited Reference Date [Word Indexed]
2009.cb.
  The Cited Reference Date (CB) field contains at least the publication year for the reference. It may contain the month, day and/or time of publication or release. This field will be present only in Peer Reviewed Journal, Book and Chapter references. The Cited Reference Date displays in the Cited References (RF) field.
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CC Classification Code [Phrase Indexed]
2223.cc.
"222".cc.
"22".cc.
 

The Classification Codes (CC) field includes 4-digit numbers representing broad subject categories, such as "Learning and Motivation" or "Linguistics, Language and Speech." Searching with Classification Codes is a convenient way to limit an existing subject search to a particular setting (e.g., treatment, education, etc.) or area.

The numerical Classification Codes are stored in the index. To view and select from the hierarchical list of codes and their scope notes, use the option "Tools/Classification Codes."

Historical Note: Classification System History
1992: The system expanded from 17 to 22 categories. All categories and subcategories are searchable for records entered and were mapped back to relevant records. The classification codes were mapped back to all records.
1989: Classifications corresponding to the current changes were mapped back to relevant records.
1976: Four-digit subcategories were used for the first time. Before 1976, the classification system consisted of broad, two-digit codes only. For records entered prior to 1976, concepts represented by subcategories in the current system can be searched at the broad level only.

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CD

Cited Reference DOI [Phrase Indexed]
http dx doi org 10 1001 archpsyc 55 10 936.cd.
http dx doi org 10 2466 pr0 88 3 749 758.cd.

 

The Cited Reference DOI (CD) field contains the Digital Object Identifier of the electronic document cited in a record. These DOIs may contain full text access. The Cited Reference DOI displays in the Cited References (RF) field.

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CE

Cited Reference Publisher [Word Indexed]
106th.ce.
1970.ce.

 

The Cited Reference Publisher (CE) field contains the publisher of the publication. The Cited Reference Publisher displays in the Cited References (RF) field.

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CF Conference Information [Word Indexed]
apa.cf.
 

The Conference Information (CF) field contains the name, number, date and location of a conference at which the content of the document was presented.

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CH Correction Date [Phrase Indexed]
20110411.ch.
 

The Corrected Date (CH) field appears in corrected records and contains the date the record was revised. When available, it displays in the Update Code (UP) field.

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CN Conference Note [Display only]
  The Conference Note Field (CN) contains information about additional conferences at which the content of the document was presented, or information about a conference from which the content of the document was derived.

This field is indexed and displayed as part of the Conference Information (CF) field.

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CQ Correspondence Address [Word Indexed]
annapolis.cq.
  The Correspondence Address (CQ) field contains the contact information for the correspondence in regards to the document. The field will also contain the author's e-mail address when available.

Historical Note: From 2002 forward, the correspondence authorís name and address have been displayed in a separate field. Beginning in 2006, the correspondence address can be for an organization as well as an individual.

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CS Cited Reference Source [Word Indexed]
personality.cs.
 

The Cited Reference Source (CS) field contains the title of the publication. For Book references, title information will be found in the Cited Reference Cited Reference Title (CV) field. The Cited Reference Source displays in the Cited References (RF) field.

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CT Cited Reference Author Last Name [Word Indexed]
applegate.ct.
 

The Cited Reference Author Last Name (CT) field contains the author for the source document. Authors may be Anonymous, Individual Authors, or Institutional Authors. The Cited Reference Author displays in the Cited References (RF) field.

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CU Cited Reference Author [Phrase Indexed]
james.cu.
  The Cited Reference Author (CU) field contains the author for the source document. Authors may be Anonymous, Individual Authors, or Institutional Authors.The Cited Reference Author displays in the Cited References (RF) field.
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CV Cited Reference Title [Word Indexed]
stress.cv.
 

The Cited Reference Title (CV) field contains the title of the source document. The field may contain additional information including, but not limited to, the following: the edition number, volume number, or revision number, special issue title or designation, technical report number or government document number, and/or an online document designation.

The Cited Reference Title displays in the Cited References (RF) field.

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CW Classification Code Word [Word Indexed]
vocational.cw.
  Sometimes you may wish to retrieve every Classification Code that includes a particular word or words. This is done by searching the desired word(s) in the Classification Codes Word (CW) field.
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DO Digital Object Identifier [Phrase Indexed]
"10 1037 10578 030".do.
  The Digital Object Identifier (DO) field contains the registered DOI for electronic documents. These DOIs may contain full text access.
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DP Publication Date [Word Indexed]
"2009".dp.
 

The Publication Date (DP) may be a month and year; a season and year; a month, day, and year; or just a year.

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DT Document Type [Phrase Indexed]
chapter.dt.
 

The Document Type (DT) field identifies the specific kind of document; what a document is as opposed to what it is about. Document Types are also available as limits. Document Types (DT) include:

Abstract Collection   Journal Article
Bibliography   Letter
Chapter   Obituary
Clarification   Poetry
Column/Opinion   Publication Information
Comment/Reply   Reprint
Editorial   Review-Book
Encyclopedia Entry   Retraction
Erratum/Correction    
Interview    

Historical Note: In 2009, the value Dissertation [2900] was added to the Document Type list. This change enables users to quickly either search for only dissertations or to quickly exclude them from a search strategy.

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FO

Format Covered [Phrase Indexed]
print.fo.

  The Format Covered (FO) field identifies the broad, physical medium of the item covered by the record.
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FM

Front Matter [Phrase Indexed]

  The Front Matter (FM) field displays the information on where to search the front matter pdf of a Book Record.
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GS

Grant Sponsorship [Word Indexed]
National.gs.

  The Grant Sponsorship (GS) field identifies the sponsor names, grant/contract/award information, funding amounts, funding dates, and other details about the sponsorship for the record.
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HW Heading Word [Word Indexed]
counseling.hw.
academic achievement.hw.
  Sometimes you may wish to retrieve every Subject Heading that includes a particular word or words. This is done by searching the desired word(s) in the Heading Word (HW) field.

You can also view every Subject Heading which contains a particular word by using the option "Tools/Permuted Index."

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IA Intended Audience [Phrase Indexed]
general public.ia.
psychology professional research.ia.
 

Book and chapter records added since 1987 are indexed with the work's intended general audience, something which is often explicitly stated by authors or publishers. The American Psychological Association (APA) selects audience types from a standard list which can be quickly browsed in the Intended Audience (IA) index. Intended Audience is also available as a limit.

Intended Audience terms include:

  General Public
  Juvenile
  Psychology: Professional & Research
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IB ISBN [Phrase Indexed]
1557980195.ib.
 

The ISBN (IB) field contains the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) since 1987, and any qualifying text in parentheses. The qualifying text denotes binding type, volume number(s), publisher and/or the publisher location for which the ISBN was assigned.

The ISBN appears as a number separated by hyphens. Its purpose is to identify uniquely a book title, an edition of a book, or a monograph produced by a specific publisher. Each ISBN number consists of ten to thirteen digits separated into the following parts: Group identifier (national, geographic, language, or other type of group) Publisher or producer identifier, Title identifier, Check digit However, despite this standard format, ISBNs vary enormously on the source documents, e.g.:

  972-95460-0-2
  92-9078-023-1
  4-13-067101-4
  1-4020-7012-8
  3-85630-552-1

Consequently, they have been indexed without spaces or dashes.

You may search the ISBN with or without hyphens.

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ID Keywords [Word Indexed]
bipolar.id.
psychosis.id.
 

The Keywords (ID) field concisely summarizes a document's subject content. Indexers use keywords to describe a document in ways that are not accounted for by Subject Headings.

For experimental literature, Keywords typically contain the independent variable, the dependent variable, and the subject population.

For non-experimental literature, the Keywords consist of major concepts, time lines, populations, implications, or genre -- whatever information the indexer thinks will supplement other indexing information.

Individual words from the Keywords are entered into the index.

Historical Note: For records processed from 1967-1995, the field for experimental records contains the independent variable, the dependent variable, and the population. These data are generally presented in this order in a structured phrase format.

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IN Institution [Word Indexed]
harvard.in.
tufts.in.
 

The Institution (IN) field contains the author's affiliation, if indicated in the source document.

Enter the single most descriptive word in the institution name, e.g., "harvard," not "university."

Standard abbreviations, listed in the User Manual, are used in the institution field; the most critical ones include:

Co:   Company       Hosp(s):   Hospital(s)
Coll:   College   Inc:   Incorporated
Dept:   Department   Lab(s):   Laboratory(ies)

State and Province names must be searched by both spelled-out name and postal abbreviation. Country names (except USA and USSR) are spelled out.

Historical Note: Up to 2002, only the first authorís affiliation was entered into the document. Since then, affiliations are entered and displayed for all authors.

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IS ISSN Print [Phrase Indexed]
8756 7865.is.
 

The ISSN Print (IS) field contains the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) for the print journal in which an article was published. It appears as a number separated by a hyphen. ISSNs have been included in APA PsycInfo® since 1979.

To search the index, include hyphens, such as 1000-958X.

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LG Language [Phrase Indexed]
english.lg.
  The Language (LG) field contains the language(s) of publication of a document.

Historical Note: For records prior to 1967, the language choices were English or NonEnglish. However, an ongoing project is retrospectively replacing the NonEnglish entry with the appropriate language.

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LO Location [Phrase Indexed]
afghanistan.lo.
us.lo.
  The Location (LO) field contains a standardized description of population locations, specifically country names, related to the content of the document. The field may contain multiple population locations.
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MA E-mail Address [Display only]
  The E-Mail Address (MA) field contains the email addresses of the persons responsible for the work represented by the record.

Historical Note: From 2001 to present, author email became a standard field for all authors and all author emails in the source document are entered. Before that, the author email was only input for the first or corresponding author.

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MB Book Record Links [Phrase Indexed]
2014 27628 028.an
 

The Book Record Links (MB) field contains 12 numeric characters with hyphens, structured as follows:

YYYY-NNNNN-LLL

YYYY = year record was processed

NNNNN = sequence of processing within a particular year; includes leading zeros

LLL = number given to the Chapter within a book ; will consist of zeros for Book records

Example:

Book: 2005-06048-000

Book Record Links (MB) are also searchable in Accession Number (AN) index.

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MD Methodology [Phrase Indexed]
Clinical Case Study.md.
 

The Methodology (MD) field contains the specific kind of methodology used in a research study. Both the code and the term are searchable. Methodology terms are also available as limits.

Methodology terms include:

  0100 Brain Imaging       0452 Retrospective Study       1300 Metasynthesis
  0200 Clinical Case Study       0600 Field Study       1400 Nonclinical Case Study
  0300 Clinical Trial       0700 Interview            1600 Qualitative Study
  0400 Empirical Study       0750 Focus Group       1800 Quantitative Study
  0410 Experimental Replication       0800 Literature Review       1900 Scientific Simulation
  0430 Followup Study       0830 Systematic Review       2100 Treatment Outcome
  0450 Longitudinal Study       1000 Mathematical Model       2200 Twin Study   
  0451 Prospective Study       1200 Meta Analysis        
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MP Mapping Alias (TI, AB, HW, TC, ID) [Word and Phrase Indexed]
alcoholism.mp.
 

The Mapping (MP) alias is the "basic index" for APA PsycBooks®. An unqualified search (that is, a search that has not been qualified with the dot-dot syntax) is searched in the subject bearing fields of the database. The MP Alias includes Title (TI), Abstract (AB), Heading Word (HW), Table of Contents (TC), and Keywords (ID).

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NR Number of Cited References [Display Only]
 

The Number of Cited References (NR) field contains the total number of references in the given article and the number of references displayed in the respective APA PsycBooks® record. This field is found in Peer Reviewed Journal, Book, and Chapter records only.

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NT Notes [Word Indexed]
originally.nt.
  The Notes (NT) field contains various types of descriptive information, such as the relationship of the present work to a previous work. This is a free-text field used most frequently to capture complex publication histories. It contains miscellaneous information about the document, including reprint citations or information about forms of other previous publications of the content.
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PA Parent Book Author [Phrase Indexed]
walsh$.pa.
edle$.pa.
 

The Parent Book Author (PA) field appears in Chapter records only. It contains up to the first two authors of the "parent" book in which the chapter appears. If a third or subsequent author exists for the parent book, "et al." appears.

The author names are entered into the index as they appeared in the original document, in the format of last name followed by first and middle names or up to two initials. Thus, a person named "James C. Smith" may appear as "Smith James C," "Smith J Charles," "Smith, JC" or "Smith J" Enter the last name, or if it is a common name, enter the last name, a space, and the first initial.

Patronymic suffixes, such as Jr., Sr., III, and so on, are included for display, but are not indexed, as are non-author roles, which include:

Anon:   Anonymous   Photo:   Photographer
Col:   Collaborator   Pres:   Presenter
Dir:   Director   Prod   Producer
Ed:   Editor   Revwr:   Reviewer
Comp:   Compiler   Trans:   Translator
Illus:   Illustrator

If no role is present, the role may be assumed to be "author". 

Data in the author field may also comprise one or more of the following special cases:

et al:   subsequent authors were not captured, although they exist
No authorship indicated:   the document lists no author
Numerous Contributors:   the record represents a cluster of chapters, the authors of which are identified in the Abstract field
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PD Parent Book Author ID [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Parent Book Author ID (PD) contains unique identifiers which may be supplied by the publisher for records added or updated. The most common is Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID).

The Parent Book Author ID (PD) displays in the Source (SO) field following its associated Book Author.

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PG Pagination [Word Indexed]
"402".pg.
 

The Pagination (PG) field consists of the initial page of a document as well as the total number of pages of the document. This field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

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PI Parent Book Institutional Author [Word Indexed]
Institute of Medicine.pi.
Society.pi.
 

The Parent Book Institutional Author (PI) field appears in Chapter records only, and contains up to the first two institutional authors of the book in which the chapter appears. If a third or subsequent institutional author exists for the parent book, "et al." appears. This field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

Only the first component of the institution name is included in the field (other name components and geographic information do not appear).

Standard abbreviations, listed in the User Manual, are used in the institution field; the most critical ones include:

Co:   Company       Hosp(s):   Hospital(s)
Coll:   College   Inc:   Incorporated
Dept:   Department   Lab(s):   Laboratory(ies)

Institutions which are commonly known by initials (IBM, NIMH, WHO, INSERM) may be listed in initialed form for some records and are spelled out for others.

State and Province names must be searched by both spelled-out name and postal abbreviation. Country names (except USA and USSR) are spelled out.

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PL Publisher Location [Word Indexed]
london.pl.
  The Publisher Location (PL) field contains the location (city, state, country) of up to two publishers of the book, or of the chapter's parent book. This field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.
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PN Parent Book Edition [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Parent Book Edition (PN) field contains the edition information of book chapter records. This information displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

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PO Population Group [Word Indexed]
human.po.
"10".po.
 

The Population Group (PO) field contains terms describing the subject population of the document. Population codes and terms include:

  10   Human       40   Female
  20   Animal       50   Inpatient
  30   Male       60   Outpatient
  35   Transgender        

Both the code and the term are searchable. Population groups are also available as limits.

For records added to the database prior to 1997, a document which includes both animal and human subjects are specified as "animal." From 1997 on, both "animal" and "human" is specified when both subjects are included. Age group terms also display in this field and are searchable in the Age Groups (AG) index.

100   Childhood (birth to 12 yrs)       300   Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
120   Neonatal (birth to 1 mo)   320   Young Adulthood (18 to 29 yrs)
140   Infancy (2 to 23 mo)   340   Thirties (30 to 39 yrs)
160   Preschool Age (2 to 5 yrs)   360   Middle Age (40 to 64 yrs)
180   School Age (6 to 12 yrs)   380   Aged (65 yrs & older)
200   Adolescence (13 to 17 yrs)   390   Very Old (85 yrs & older)

Both the code and the term are searchable, e.g., 100.ag. or childhood birth 12 yrs.ag.

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PT Publication Type [Phrase Indexed]
edited book.pt.
 

The Publication Type (PT) field identifies the general type of document. Publication Types are also available as limits. Publication Types (PT) include:

Book   Non-Peer-Reviewed Journal
Authored Book   Peer-Reviewed Status Unknown
Edited Book   Dissertation Abstract
Journal   Encyclopedia
Peer-Reviewed Journal   Electronic Collection
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PU Publisher Information [Word Indexed]
putnams.pu.
  The Publisher Information (PU) field contains publisher information for books and chapters added since 1987. This field appears in Book and Chapter records only. It contains the publisher name of up to two publishers of the book, or of the chapter's parent book. The field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.
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PV Parent Book Volume [Word Indexed]
 

The Parent Book Volume (PV) field contains the edition information of book chapter records. This information displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

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RF Cited References [Display Only]
Smith.rf
 

TThe Cited References (RF) field contains a complete or partial reference list to the source document. This field contains the searchable components of the Cited References field. Entering a search term here will place you in the combined index of the components that make up the Cited References field: Cited Reference Date (CB), Cited Reference Source (CS), Cited Reference Author Last Name (CT), Cited Reference Title (CV), Cited Reference DOI (CD), Cited Reference Accession Number (CZ), and Cited Reference Publisher (CE).

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RY Reprint Year [Phrase Indexed]
“1994”.ry.
  The Reprint Year (RY) field contains the year in which a book or chapter was reprinted. The Reprint Year may be searched as four digits, e.g., "1994." Only individual years may be searched.

The Reprint Year is available for book and chapter records added since 1987, and displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

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SH Subject Headings [Phrase Indexed]
imagery.sh.
childhood development.de.
 

The Subject Headings (SH) field contains the Subject Headings (also known as "descriptors" or "index terms") used by indexers at the American Psychological Association (APA) to describe the content of a document.

The Subject Headings are taken from APA's Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms. You can look up any of these terms by using the option "Tools/Thesaurus."

Subject Headings are entered into the index as phrases and should be searched exactly as they appear in the Thesaurus.

Subject headings which describe the major point (focus) of a document will be preceded with an asterisk (*).

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SM Supplemental Material DOI [Phrase Indexed]
"10.1037//0033-2909.128.2X.supp".sm.
 

The Supplemental Material DOI (SM) for supplemental material in the APA PsycBooks® record can be used to link to the full text of the supplemental material associated with an article, book, or chapter.

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SO Source [Display Only]
american.so.
 

The Source (SO) field includes a display of all the basic information needed to locate a citation, including the journal name or monograph publisher, the vol/issue, pagination and year of publication. The fields which comprise the Source field are Parent Book Title (BT), Year of Publication (YR), Parent Book Author (PA), Pagination (PG), Parent Book Author ID (PD), Parent Book Edition (PN), Parent Book Volume (PV), Parent Book Institutional Author (PI), Publisher Location (PL), Publisher Information (PU), Reprint Year (RY), and Book Series (ST).

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ST Book Series [Phrase Indexed]
Cambridge Medical Series.st.
 

The Book Series (ST) field contains the full name of the series title (and volume or number, if applicable) of the book or of the chapter's "parent" book.

Book Series titles are indexed as phrases. To view book titles in the index, enter as many of the words or letters in a book title name as are needed to distinguish it from other journals: "the century" for "The Century Psychology Series."

To search by a Book Series Title word, use the Parent Book Title Word index (WS).

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SV Supplemental Material [Word Indexed]
appendixes.sv.
 

The Supplemental Material (SV) field contains additional information not found in the print version of the source document, e.g., 3-D modeling images, video clips, and data sets.

Supplemental Material types include:

3-D Modeling Images       Tables and Figures
Appendixes   Web Sites
Audio   Video
Data Sets   Workbook/Study Guide
DVD/CD   Other
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TC Table of Contents [Word Indexed]
glossary.tc.
 

The Table of Contents (TC) field exists in book records added since 1987, and lists "front matter" such as preface, foreword and introduction, section headings and subheadings, chapter titles, substantive headings and subheadings of sections within chapters, and "back matter" such as appendices, conclusions, afterwords, glossaries, indexes, etc. If a Table of Contents is abbreviated, it contains the indication "abbreviated". The author names follow the chapter titles.

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TD Test DOI [Phrase Indexed]
continuous performance test.td.
life orientation test.td.
 

The Test DOI (TD) field contains the active link from APA PsycBooks® to APA PsycTests®. The link will only work with access to the APA PsycTests® database.

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TI Title [Word Indexed]
cognition.ti.
 

The Title (TI) field contains the English language version of a title. The following abbreviations are used in titles:

Vol:   volume       Ed:   edition
Vols:   volumes   Rev:   revised
No:   number   Exp:   expanded
Nos:   numbers   Enl:   enlarged

Historical Note: For non-Roman-alphabet titles, and for many non-English records added to the database during the 1970s, the original title field is left blank and only the English translation is provided.
From 1967-1977, records with non-Roman alphabet titles will only display the English translated title:[The egocentrism of children.]

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TM Test & Measures [Word Indexed]
interview.tm.
  The Test & Measures (TM) field identifies the names of tests and measures mentioned in the source document.
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TW Textword (TI, AB, ID, TC)
defense mechanism$.tw.
  The Textword (TW) field is an alias for all of the fields in the database that contain text words and which are appropriate for a free-text subject search. The Text word fields in APA PsycBooks® include Title (TI), Abstract (AB), Keywords (ID), and Table of Contents (TC).
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UP Update Code [Phrase Indexed]
20100712.up.
 

The Update Code (UP) field appears in all records and contains the date the record was released into the database. It is sometimes referred to as "Entry Month."

The field consists of 8 digits, in YYYYMMDD format, where YYYY is the release year, MM is the release month, and DD is the release day.

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YR Year of Publication [Phrase Indexed]
"2016".yr.
 

The Year of Publication (YR) field contains the year in which a document was published. The year must be searched using four digits, e.g., "1994".

Only individual years may be searched. Use the "Limit to Publication Year" to restrict sets to a range of years.

The Year of Publication is displayed in the Year of Publication (YR) field as well as in the Source (SO) field.

Historical Note: With the 2009 APA PsycInfo® Reload, Publication Year was replaced with the new field Publication Date, which includes the day, month, season, and year of publication.

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Advanced Searching
You can use special search syntax listed below to combine search terms or strategically develop a search. Full documentation is provided in the Advanced Searching Techniques section of the Online Help.
Operator Syntax Search Example Sample Results
OR x or y bipolar or mania

"In some respects the patient's mood and actions were similar to the pathologic elations observed in episodes of mania and hypomania among psychotics and neurotics"

  The OR operator retrieves records that contain any or all of the search terms. For example, the search heart attack or myocardial infarction retrieves results that contain the terms heart attack, myocardial infarction or both terms; results are all inclusive. You can use the OR operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
AND x and y schizophrenia and diet

"There seem to be only two types of behavioral disorders that are responsive to dietary intervention--depression and ADHD."

  The AND operator retrieves only those records that include all of the search terms. For example, the search blood pressure and stroke retrieves results that contain the term blood pressure and the term stroke together in the same record; results are exclusive of records that do not contain both of these terms. You can use the AND operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
NOT x not y depression not bipolar

"Constructs for a Theory of Reactive Depression."

  The NOT operator retrieves records that contain the first search term and excludes the second search term. For example, the search health reform not health maintenance organizations retrieves only those records that contain the term health reform but excludes the term health maintenance organizations. In this way, you can use the NOT operator to restrict results to a specific topic.
You can use the NOT operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
Adjacency (ADJ) x y bipolar depression

"mechanisms of action; clinical indications; unipolar major depression; bipolar depression; dysthymia"

  The Adjacent operator (ADJ) retrieves records with search terms next to each other in that specific order. You do not need to separate search terms manually by inserting ADJ between them, because when you separate terms with a space on the command line, Ovid automatically searches for the terms adjacent to one another. For example, the search blood pressure is identical to the search blood adj pressure.
Defined Adjacency (ADJn) x ADJn y bipolar adj3 depression

"The New York High-Risk Project (NYHRP) is a multitrait, multimeasurement prospective study, in which 2 independent samples of offspring of schizophrenic, affectively ill (those with major depression or bipolar 1 disorder), and psychiatrically normal parents have been followed from mid-childhood to midadulthood."

  The defined adjacency operator (ADJn) retrieves records that contain search terms within a specified number (n-1) of words from each other in any order (stop-words included). To use the adjacency operator, separate your search terms with ADJ and a number from 1 to 99 as explained below:

           ADJ1     Next to each other, in any order
           ADJ2     Next to each other, in any order, up to 1 word in between
           ADJ3     Next to each other, in any order, up to 2 words in between
           ADJ99   Next to each other, in any order, up to 98 words in between

For example, the search physician adj5 relationship retrieves records that contain the words physician and relationship with a maximum of four words in between in either direction. This particular search retrieves records containing such phrases as physician patient relationship, patient physician relationship, or relationship between cancer patient and physician.
Please note Ovidís order of operation handles terms within parentheses first. Therefore it is recommended to apply the ADJn operator in one-on-one operations to avoid missing out on results. E.g. stroke adj4 (blood pressure or high blood pressure) could potentially miss out on some combinations of stroke with high blood pressure. The optimum way to execute this on Ovid is: (stroke adj4 blood pressure) OR (stroke adj4 high blood pressure).
Frequency (FREQ) x.ab./FREQ=n depression.ab. /freq=5

"Anaclitic and introjective depression are characterized by different impairments of cognitive schemas as well as by different symptoms and different qualities of interpersonal relatedness."

  The frequency operator (FREQ) lets you specify a threshold of occurrence of a term in the records retrieved from your search. Records containing your search term are retrieved only if the term occurs at least the specified (n) number of times. In general, records that contain many instances of your search term are more relevant than records that contain fewer instances. The frequency operator is particularly useful when searching a text field, such as Abstract or Full Text, for a common word or phrase.
Unlimited Truncation ($) x$ rat$

"Biological substrates of human sexuality"

  Unlimited truncation retrieves all possible suffix variations of the root word indicated. To apply unlimited truncation to a term, type the root word or phrase followed by either of the truncation characters: $ (dollar sign) or * (asterisk). For example, in the truncated search disease*, Ovid retrieves the word disease as well as the words diseases, diseased, and more.
Limited Truncation ($) x$n dog$1

"The inhibitory type of nervous systems in the dog."

  Limited truncation specifies a maximum number of characters that may follow the root word or phrase. For example, the truncated search dog$1 retrieves results with the words dog and dogs; but it does not retrieve results with the word dogma.
Mandated Wildcard (#) xx#y wom#n

"The principal reason for adopting such a procedure is that it avoids the necessity of separate norms for men and women."

  Searching with a mandated wildcard retrieves all possible variations of a word in which the wildcard is present in the specified place. You can use it at the end of a term to limit results to only those that contain the word plus the mandated character. For example, the search dog# retrieves results that contain the word dogs, but not those that contain the word dog, effectively limiting results to only those that contain the plural form of the word. The mandated wild card character (#) is also useful for retrieving specialized plural forms of a word. For example, the search wom#n retrieves results that contain both woman and women. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Optional Wildcard (?) xx?y colo?r

"The psychologist's effort at classifying intelligence is more what the layman does when he tries to distinguish colors of the rainbow."

  The optional wild card character (?) can be used within or at the end of a search term to substitute for one or no characters. This wild card is useful for retrieving documents with British and American word variants since it specifies that you want retrieval whether or not the extra character is present. For example, the optional wild card search colo?r retrieves results that contain the words color or colour. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Literal String ("") "x / y" "go / no go"

"go/no-go signal detection, two-alternative, forced-choice localization, adult-infant differences, otitis media and infant absolute thresholds, inattention and infant thresholds"

"n" "3".pg

"The law and public policy. (pp. 3-12)."

 

Quotation marks can be used to retrieve records that contain literal strings, when the string includes special characters, such as a forward slash (/).

Quotation marks can also be used to retrieve records that contain numbers that may otherwise be confused for earlier searches. In the example, a search for 3.vo would limit the string from your third search in your search history to the volume field. By including the number in quotation marks, the search will retrieve documents with a 3 in the volume number.

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Stopwords

The Ovid search engine applies so called "run-time stopword processing". This means the search engine on the fly ignores the stopwords: and, as, by, for, from, in, is, of, on, that, the, this, to, was, were & with.

Therefore a search: at risk for diabetes.ti will also find: at risk of diabetes. The distance of one word in between is kept, but the stopword "for" is ignored.

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Limits
The following limits are available for this database. See Database Limits in the OvidSP Online Help for details on applying limits.

Limit

Syntax
Abstracts Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to abstracts
Command Syntax: ..l/ ab=y
  A limit to Abstracts will restrict retrieval to documents which include abstracts. Nearly all records include abstracts.
Age Groups Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to neonatal
  A limit by Age Groups will restrict retrieval to any of the broad age groups or to specific childhood and adolescent years.
Animal Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to animal
  A limit to Animal will restrict retrieval to documents which are primarily about animal subjects. It will retain articles about both human and animal subjects. For individual animal species, search the animal name in the Subject Headings (SH) field, such as, "mice.sh."
Classification Codes Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to tests & testing
  A limit by Classification Codes will restrict retrieval to those records which contain the selected Classifications representing broad subject categories, such as "Learning and Motivation" or "Linguistics, Language and Speech".
Disordered Populations Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to disordered
  A limit to Disordered Populations will restrict retrieval to documents about psychological and physical disorders in humans, studied in the contexts of diagnosis, disorder characteristics, patient characteristics, or treatments.
Document Type Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to chapter
  A limit by Document Type will restrict retrieval by any of the document types indexed by the American Psychological Association (APA). If you choose this limit, you will be presented with a list of document types from which to select.

 

Abstract Collection   Journal Article
Bibliography   Letter
Chapter   Obituary
Clarification   Poetry
Column/Opinion   Publication Information
Comment/Reply   Reprint
Editorial   Review-Book
Encyclopedia Entry   Retraction
Erratum/Correction    
Interview    
Empirical Human Populations Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to childhood
  A limit by Empirical Human Populations will restrict retrieval to articles in which humans were specifically cited as the subject of a study or experiment. To restrict retrieval by age in a more general way rather than by restricting to empirical studies specifically citing age, use the Age Groups limit.
Experimental Psychology Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to Experimental Psychology
  A limit to Experimental Psychology will restrict retrieval to documents which are primarily about Experimental Psychology.
Human Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to human
  A limit to Human will restrict retrieval to documents which are primarily about human subjects.
Impact Statement Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to impact statement
 

Limiting to Impact Statement records will restrict retrieval to journals or articles with impact statement abstracts.

Intended Audience Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to general public
 

Book and Chapters record added since 1987 are indexed with the work's intended general audience, something which is often explicitly stated by authors or publishers. The American Psychological Association (APA) selects audience types from a standard list which can be quickly browsed in the Intended Audience (IA) index.

Intended Audience terms include:

  General Public
  Juvenile
  Psychology: Professional & Research

See the Intended Audience (IA) field for more information

Latest Update Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to latest update
limit 1 to update
Command Syntax: ..l/1 up=y
  A limit to Latest Update will restrict retrieval to documents which were most recently added to the database.
Methodology Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to meta analysis
  A limit by Methodology will restrict retrieval to those records which contain the selected Methodology Types which identify the specific kind of methodology used in a research study. If you choose this option, you will be presented with a list, as below, from which to choose.

 

  0100 Brain Imaging       0452 Retrospective Study       1300 Metasynthesis
  0200 Clinical Case Study       0600 Field Study       1400 Nonclinical Case Study
  0300 Clinical Trial       0700 Interview            1600 Qualitative Study
  0400 Empirical Study       0750 Focus Group       1800 Quantitative Study
  0410 Experimental Replication       0800 Literature Review       1900 Scientific Simulation
  0430 Followup Study       0830 Systematic Review       2100 Treatment Outcome
  0450 Longitudinal Study       1000 Mathematical Model       2200 Twin Study   
  0451 Prospective Study       1200 Meta Analysis        
Neuroscience Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to neuroscience
  A limit to Neuroscience will restrict retrieval to documents which are primarily about Neuroscience.
Non Disordered Populations Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to non disordered
  A limit to Non Disordered Populations will restrict retrieval to documents about normal human populations.
Population Groups Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to inpatient
  A limit to Population Groups will restrict retrieval to the subject population of the document. If you choose this option, you will be presented with the following options from which to select:

 

  10   Human       40   Female
  20   Animal       50   Inpatient
  30   Male       60   Outpatient
  35   Transgender        
Psychoanalysis Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to psychoanalysis
  A limit to Psychoanalysis will restrict retrieval to documents which are primarily about Psychoanalysis.
Publication Type Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to authored book
  A limit by Publication Type will restrict retrieval by any of the publication types indexed by the American Psychological Association (APA). If you choose this limit, you will be presented with an alphabetical list of publication types from which to select.
Publication Year Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to yr=2009
Command Syntax: ..l/1 yr=2009
  A limit to Publication Year will restrict retrieval to the specified years covered. If you choose this option you will be prompted to enter the desired year or year range. The format is 4 digits, such as, "2007" or "2008-2009."
Supplemental Material Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to appendixes
 

A limit by Supplemental Material contains additional information not found in the print version of the source document.

Supplemental Material types include:

3-D Modeling Images       Tables and Figures
Appendixes   Web Sites
Audio   Video
Data Sets   Workbook/Study Guide
DVD/CD   Other

See the Supplemental Material (SV) field for more information.

Test DOI Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to test doi
 

The Test DOI will restrict retrieval to a DOI that will link from APA PsycBooks® to APA PsycTests® database.

Tests & Measures Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to tests
  A limit to Tests & Measures will restrict retrieval to documents that are specifically about a particular test or measurement instrument. This is a good way to eliminate studies that used a specific test or measurement as methodology, but which are actually about another topic.
Treatment & Prevention Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to treatment and prevention
  A limit to Treatment & Prevention will restrict retrieval to documents about all aspects of medical, behavioral and psychological treatment, including all modes of psychotherapeutic intervention and rehabilitation.
Types of Book Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to classic book
  A limit by Types of Book will restrict retrieval by any of the book types indexed by the American Psychological Association (APA). If you choose this limit, you will be presented with a list of book types from which to select.

There are range limits for the UP and CH fields. These limits are not listed in the drop-down menu, however they can be used from the command line. To run the limits use the following syntax from the command line.
limit 1 to ch=20190722-20200824
limit 1 to up=20190722-20200824
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Tools
The following Search Tools are available for this database. For specific information on using these tools, refer to the OvidSP Online Help linked below.
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Changing to this Database
To change a search session to a segment of this database from another database or another segment, use the following syntax in the Ovid Syntax tab:
  Command Syntax: ..c/psbk
  Sentence Syntax: use psbk
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Sample Documents
Sample 1
Accession Number
     2005-16426-007
Title
     Computer-Based Testing  
Language
     English
Author
     Drasgow, Fritz; Chuah, Siang Chee.
Institution/Affiliation
Drasgow, Fritz: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL, US Chuah, Siang Chee: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL, US Source Eid, Michael [Ed]; Diener, Ed [Ed]. (2006). Handbook of multimethod measurement in psychology. (pp. 87-100). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association. xiv, 553 pp. Book Record Link 2005-16426-000 ISBN 1-59147-318-7 (Hardcover) Format Covered Print Publication Type Book; Edited Book Document Type Chapter Type of Book Handbook/Manual Abstract There has been a proliferation of research designed to explore and exploit opportunities provided by computer-based assessment. This chapter provides an overview of the diverse efforts by researchers in this area. It begins by describing how paper-and-pencil tests can be adapted for administration by computers. Computerization provides the important advantage that items can be selected so they are of appropriate difficulty for each examinee. Some of the psychometric theory needed for computerized adaptive testing is reviewed. Then research on innovative computerized assessments is summarized. These assessments go beyond multiple-choice items by using formats made possible by computerization. Then some hardware and software issues are described, and finally, directions for future work are outlined. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
Digital Object Identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/11383-... Keywords computer based testing; research; psychometric theory; computerization Subject Headings *Computer Assisted Testing
*Experimentation
*Psychometrics
*Theories
Adaptive Testing Classification Code Psychometrics & Statistics & Methodology [2200]; Engineering & Environmental Psychology [4000] Population Group Human Intended Audience
Psychology: Professional & Research Year of Publication
2006 Update Code 20140707 (PsycBOOKS); 20060206 (PsycINFO). Revised 20150824 (PsycBOOKS); 20150824 (PsycINFO).
Sample 2
Accession Number
     2014-27628-000
Title
The psychoneuroses and their treatment by psychotherapy. Language
English Author Dejerine, J; Gauckler, E; Jelliffe, Smith Ely [Trans]. Institution/Affiliation Dejerine, J.: University of Paris, Paris, France
Gauckler, E.: Hospitals of Paris, France
Jelliffe, Smith Ely: NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY, US Source
Philadelphia, PA, US: J B Lippincott Company. (1913). xiii, 395 pp. Format Covered Print Publication Type
Book; Authored Book Type of Book Classic Book Abstract This work is devoted to the study of the psychoneuroses, and their treatment. It will be divided into three parts. The first, which is analytical, will be devoted to the study of functional manifestations, that is, to the study of all the symptoms which are observed in the course of the psychoneuroses, whose exact nature we wish to ascertain. In the second, the synthetic, we shall endeavor to make plain the general mechanism of the foundation of the psychoneuroses, as well as their variations and nature. In the third, which is therapeutic, will be set forth the psychotherapeutic proceedings and helps which we feel are the only measures which should be used in the treatment of the psychoneuroses. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved) Digital Object Identifier
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/14543-... Keywords
psychoneuroses; treatment; psychotherapy Subject Headings *Neurosis
*Psychotherapy
*Treatment Classification Code
Neuroses & Anxiety Disorders [3215]; Psychotherapy & Psychotherapeutic Counseling [3310] Population Group
Human Intended Audience
Psychology: Professional & Research. Table of Contents (Abbreviated) Introduction Part I. Analytical study of functional manifestations * Functional manifestations of the digestive system disturbances of appetite / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 2-45 * Functional manifestations in the urinary organs / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 46-57 * Functional manifestations of a genital nature / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 58-81 * Functional manifestations in the respiratory apparatus / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 82-91 * The functional manifestations of the cardiovascular apparatus / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 92-100 * Cutaneous functional symptoms / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 101-108 * Functional symptoms in the neuro-muscular apparatus / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 109-140 * Diffuse or localized disturbances of sensibility / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 141-156 * Functional manifestations of the sense organs / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 157-167 * Nervous and psychic manifestations properly so called / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 168-198 * Functional manifestations and organic states / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 199-204 * General diagnosis of functional manifestations / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 205-212 Part II. Synthetic study of the psychoneuroses and their functional manifestations * Neurasthenia and organic conceptions concerning it / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 214-218 * The role of emotion and emotionalism in the genesis of the psychoneuroses / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 219-240 * What does not belong to neurasthenia. What does not belong to hysteria / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 241-249 * How one becomes neurasthenic / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 250-262 * General conceptions of hysterical symptoms / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 263-270 * General conception of functional manifestations / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 271-273 Part III. The treatment of the psychoneuroses. Psychotherapy and its adjuvant processes * Critical study of the treatment of the psychoneuroses / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 274-285 * The examination and questioning of the neuropath / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 286-291 * The moral and mental, substratum. Its psychotherapy / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 292-304 * A general psychotherapy of functional manifestations / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 305-310 * The adjuvants of psychotherapy / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 311-319 * Special therapy of the various functional manifestations / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 320-352 * Special therapy of functional manifestations (continued) / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 353-372 * Psychotherapy as regarded by physicians and patients / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe /373-381 * Prophylaxis of the psychoneuroses. The moral role of the physician / J. Dejerine, E. Gauckler, & Ely Jelliffe / 382-391 Index Chapters 2014-27628-001 [Functional manifestations of the digestive system disturbances of appetite] 2014-27628-002 [Functional manifestations in the urinary organs] 2014-27628-003 [Functional manifestations of a genital nature] 2014-27628-004 [Functional manifestations in the respiratory apparatus] 2014-27628-028 [The functional manifestations of the cardiovascular apparatus] 2014-27628-005 [Cutaneous functional symptoms] 2014-27628-006 [Functional symptoms in the neuro-muscular apparatus] 2014-27628-007 [Diffuse or localized disturbances of sensibility] 2014-27628-008 [Functional manifestations of the sense organs] 2014-27628-009 [Nervous and psychic manifestations properly so called] 2014-27628-010 [Functional manifestations and organic states] 2014-27628-011 [General diagnosis of functional manifestations] 2014-27628-013 [Neurasthenia and organic conceptions concerning it] 2014-27628-014 [The role of emotion and emotionalism in the genesis of the psychoneuroses] 2014-27628-015 [What does not belong to neurasthenia. What does not belong to hysteria] 2014-27628-016 [How one becomes neurasthenic] 2014-27628-017 [General conceptions of hysterical symptoms] 2014-27628-018 [General conception of functional manifestations] 2014-27628-019 [Critical study of the treatment of the psychoneuroses] 2014-27628-020 [The examination and questioning of the neuropath] 2014-27628-021 [The moral and mental, substratum. Its psychotherapy] 2014-27628-022 [A general psychotherapy of functional manifestations] 2014-27628-023 [The adjuvants of psychotherapy] 2014-27628-024 [Special therapy of the various functional manifestations] 2014-27628-025 [Special therapy of functional manifestations (continued)] 2014-27628-026 [Psychotherapy as regarded by physicians and patients] 2014-27628-027 [Prophylaxis of the psychoneuroses. The moral role of the physician] Year of Publication 1913 Update Code 20140811 (PsycBOOKS); 20140714 (PsycINFO). Revised 20151221 (PsycBOOKS); 20151207 (PsycINFO).
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