Maternity & Infant Care Database (MIDIRS) Guide
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Maternity & Infant Care is an important essential resource for academics and healthcare professionals involved in the care of women and infants. This unique database contains over 300,000 bibliographic references with abstracts to articles from over 400 international English language journals, books, guidelines and grey literature relating to the midwifery profession, pregnancy, labor, birth, postnatal care and care of the infant up to six weeks, infant feeding, and the transition to parenthood.

Database coverage is from the mid-1980s and approximately 1000 records are added to the database per month. The database also includes correspondence and commentary written in response to an article. Many of the records are assigned to one or more of over 900 standard searches on key topics in order to provide fast retrieval, using either a code or a browsable index of topics.

Key topics include:

Antenatal health issues       Infant feeding
Childbirth education   International maternity
Complementary therapies   Labour and birth
Employment issues   Neonatal care and intensive care
Ethical and professional issues   Postnatal health
Health education   Screening
Healthcare professionals role   Social and psychological aspects
Hospital policies   Sudden infant death and infant mortality

The database represents a powerful research tool for users around the world. Journals indexed in the database are international from the USA and Canada, Europe, Australia/New Zealand, UK, Africa and the Middle East. In addition grey literature is covered such as pamphlets, reports, web journals, press releases, newspaper articles and chapters in books. URLs are available for linking to electronic documents in addition to the journal articles full texts linking facilities of the Ovid Technologies platform.

Segments and Years of Coverage
Name   Years of Coverage
MWIC   1971 - present

The limit of databases that you can select for a multifile search session is based upon database segments rather than actual databases. The Ovid multifile segment limit is set at 120 to avoid impacting your search sessions. This database includes 1 segment.

This database is updated online weekly.

 

Fields
The following list is sorted alphabetically by field alias. Click a field name to see the description and search information.

All Fields in this Database

  Abstract (AB) ISBN (IB) Series (SE)
  Accession Number (AN) ISSN (IS) Source (SO)
  All Searchable Fields (AF) Issue Part (IP) Source Description (SD)
  Author (AU) Journal Name (JN) Standard Search (SS)
  Commentary (CM) Journal Section (JS) Standard Search Word (SX)
  Correspondence (CR) Journal Word (JX) Title (TI)
  Date of Publication (DP) Pagination (PG) Update Code (UP)
  Descriptors (DE) Publication Location (PA) URL (UR)
  Document Type (DT) Publication Type (PT) Volume (VO)
  Entry Date (ED) Publisher Information (PU) Year of Publication (YR)
  Heading Word (HW) Restrictions (RS)  
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Default Fields for Unqualified Searches (MP): Searching for a term without specifying a field in Advanced search, or specifying .mp., defaults to the following ‘multi-purpose’ (.mp.) fields for this database: ab,hw,ti.
  Abstract (AB) Heading Word (HW) Title (TI)
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Default Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: The following fields are included by default for each record.

  Abstract (AB) Entry Date (ED) Restrictions (RS)
  Accession Number (AN) ISBN (IB) Series (SE)
  Author (AU) ISSN (IS) Source (SO)
  Commentary (CM) Issue Part (IP) Standard Search (SS)
  Correspondence (CR) Journal Section (JS) Title (TI)
  Date of Publication (DP) Publication Location (PA) Update Code (UP)
  Descriptors (DE) Publication Type (PT) URL (UR)
  Document Type (DT) Publisher Information (PU)  
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All Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: Use the Select Fields button in the Results Manager at the bottom of the Main Search Page to choose the fields for a record.

  Abstract (AB) ISBN (IB) Restrictions (RS)
  Accession Number (AN) ISSN (IS) Series (SE)
  Author (AU) Issue Part (IP) Source (SO)
  Commentary (CM) Journal Name (JN) Standard Search (SS)
  Correspondence (CR) Journal Section (JS) Title (TI)
  Date of Publication (DP) Pagination (PG) Update Code (UP)
  Descriptors (DE) Publication Location (PA) URL (UR)
  Document Type (DT) Publication Type (PT) Volume (VO)
  Entry Date (ED) Publisher Information (PU) Year of Publication (YR)
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Elements of Source (SO) Field: Ovid searches the following fields as part of the record source.

  Issue Part (IP) Pagination (PG) Year of Publication (YR)
  Journal Name (JN) Volume (VO)  
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The following list is sorted alphabetically by the two-letter label, and includes the relevant alias, at least one example for all searchable fields, and a description of the field.
Label Name / Example
AB Abstract [Word Indexed]
glycemic.ab.
 

The Abstract (AB) field contains a description of the content of the document or article and is a summary of its contents. You can search for any word in this field.

Back 
AF All Searchable Fields [Search Alias]
infertility.af.
 

All Fields (AF) is an alias for all of the fields which occur in the source documents, including value-added fields such as Abstract (AB).

Back 
AN Accession Number [Phrase Indexed]
200610161.an.
 

The Accession Number (AN) field contains a unique number assigned by Midwives Information and Resource Service (MIDIRS). This allows you to identify and retrieve a specific record at any time.

Back 
AU Author [Phrase Indexed]
Attewill f.au.
atte$.au.
 

The Author (AU) field contains the name(s) identifying the person(s) responsible for or contributing to the creation of the intellectual or artistic content of a work contained in the item or its realization.

Back 
CM Commentary [Word Indexed]
Journal of Perinatology.cm.
 

The Commentary (CM) field contains commentary on the article. This can include further references.

Back 
CR Correspondence [Word Indexed]
Obstetric Anesthesia.cr.
 

The Correspondence (CR) field contains correspondence written in response to an article. This can include further references.

Back 
DE Descriptors [Phrase Indexed]
Maternal mortality.de.
 

The Descriptor (DE) field contains subject descriptors from a subject system, for example, selected from a thesaurus or a list of subject headings, in which case they are in accordance with the practice of the system in which it was produced; otherwise they are in accordance with the practice of the agency preparing the record.

Back 
DP Date of Publication [Word Indexed]
20061016.dp.
 

The Date of Publication (DP) field contains the date published or dates esti­mated to be the most likely date of publication when no indication of the date appears in the item.

Back 
DT Document Type [Word Indexed]
Statistics Collection.dt.
 

The Document Type (DT) field indicates what type of document is cited in the record.

Back 
ED Entry Date [Word Indexed]
1988.ed.
 

The Entry Date (ED) field contains the original date of entry for the document. This can contain the day, month and year that the document was originally created.

Back 
HW Heading Word [Word Indexed]
Clostridium.hw.
 

The Heading Word (HW) index contains subject descriptors from a subject system, for example, selected from a thesaurus or a list of subject headings, in which case they are in accordance with the practice of the system in which it was produced; otherwise they are in accordance with the practice of the agency preparing the record. Results searched in Heading Word are displayed in the Descriptors (DE) field.

Back 
IB ISBN [Phrase Indexed]
9780340888797.ib.
 

The ISBN (IB) field contains a number which identifies one title or edition of a title from one speci­fic publisher and is unique to that title or edition, allocated in accordance with the stipulations of ISO 2108 and the ISBN Users Manual.

Back 
IP Issue Part [Word Indexed]
"6".ip.
 

The Issue/Part (IP) index contains the Issue and/or Part for a particular volume of a journal and is displayed in the Source (SO) field.

Back 
IS ISSN [Phrase Indexed]
1034 7178.is.
 

The ISSN (IS) field contains a number, allocated by the International Serials Data System (ISDS) in accordance with ISO 3297 and the ISDS Manual, which identifies a serial uniquely.

Back 
JN Journal Name [Phrase Indexed]
Guardian.jn.
 

The Journal Name (JN) index contains the full name of the journal in which the article was published and is displayed in the Source (SO) field.

Journal names are indexed as phrases, so enter enough letters of the journal name to locate the name in the index: acta obst (for Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica).

Back 
JS Journal Section [Word Indexed]
Editorial.js.
 

The Journal Section (JS) contains the name of the section within the journal where the item appears.

Back 
JX Journal Word [Word Indexed]
Guardian.jx.
 

The Journal Word (JX) index is a word index of the names of the journals indexed in the database and is displayed in the Source (SO) field.

Back 
PA Publication Location [Word Indexed]
Geneva.pa.
 

The Publication Location (PA) field contains the place of publication for the document. You can search for any word or phrase in this field.

Back 
PG Pagination [Word Indexed]
"7".pg.
 

The Pagination (PG) index contains an enumeration of the page(s) and is displayed in the Source (SO) field.

Back 
PT Publication Type [Phrase Indexed]
News Item.pt.
 

The Publication Type (PT) field contains the description of the overall form and substance of the document in broad categories such as annual, bibliography, editorial, encyclopaedia, dictionary or glossary, or thesis.

A limit to Publication Type restricts retrieval to any of the publication types available from this database. If you select this limit, you will be able to choose from a menu of available publication types.

Back 
PU Publisher Information [Word Indexed]
Hodder Arnold.pu.
 

The Publisher Information (PU) field contains the name of the person or corporate body responsible for publishing the item.

Back 
RS Restrictions [Word Indexed]
Copyright restricted.rs.
 

The Restrictions (RS) field notes any restrictions on using the data.

Back 
SD Source Description [Display Only] 
 

The Source Description (SD) field displays as part of the Source (SO) field and can contain the Volume (VO), Issue/Part (IP), Year of Publication (YR) and Pagination (PG).

Back 
SE Series [Word Indexed]
"Evidence-based clinical practice guideline".se.
 

The Series (SE) field contains the name and number of the series that a document belongs to.

Back 
SO Source [Display Only]
"Department of Health".so.
 

The Source (SO) field can include a display of all the basic information needed to locate a record, including the Journal Name (JN), Volume (VO), Issue/Part (IP), Year of Publication (YR) and Pagination (PG).

Back 
SS Standard Search [Phrase Indexed]
"caesarean section anaesthesia and analgesia".ss.
 

The Standard Search (SS) field contains records assigned to one or more of 570 standard searches on key topics in order to provide fast retrieval for those topics.

Back 
SX Standard Search Word [Word Indexed]
caesarean.sx.
l58.sx.
 

The Standard Search (SX) field contains records assigned to one or more of 475 standard searches on key topics in order to provide fast retrieval for those topics. You can search the short code (pn4.sx.) or word from a standard search for retrieval of articles (breastfeed.sx.).

Back 
TI Title [Word Indexed]
working mothers.ti.
 

The Title (TI) field contains the title of the article or document. You can search for any word or phrase in this field.

Back 
UP Update Code [Phrase Indexed]
20061016.up.
 

The Update Code (UP) field is displayed in the format YYYYMMDD, where YYYY is the 4 digit year, MM is the month and DD is the day that article was last revised.

Back 
UR URL [Word Indexed]
rcp.ur.
 

The URL (UR) field contains the Uniform Resource Locator of electronic documents, document collections and online publisher shops. These URLs may contain full text access or they may require an id and password provided to subscribers.

Back 
VO Volume [Word Indexed]
"6".vo.
 

The Volume (VO) index contains the volume of the periodical that contains the article and is displayed in the Source (SO) field.

Back 
YR Year of Publication [Word Indexed]
2003.yr.
 

The Year of Publication (YR) index contains the year the article was printed and is displayed in the Source (SO) field.

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Advanced Searching
You can use special search syntax listed below to combine search terms or strategically develop a search. Full documentation is provided in the Advanced Searching Techniques section of the Online Help.
Operator Syntax Search Example Sample Results
OR x or y

strep or staph

"Risk factors for early-onset group B steptococcal sepsis"

 

The OR operator retrieves records that contain any or all of the search terms. For example, the search heart attack or myocardial infarction retrieves results that contain the terms heart attack, myocardial infarction or both terms; results are all inclusive. You can use the OR operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
AND x and y

strep and staph

"Internally, echinacea can be used for sore throats and staph or strep infections. "

 

The AND operator retrieves only those records that include all of the search terms. For example, the search blood pressure and stroke retrieves results that contain the term blood pressure and the term stroke together in the same record; results are exclusive of records that do not contain both of these terms. You can use the AND operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
NOT x not y

Prematurity not mortality

"findings during lung development and in chronic lung disease of prematurity"

 

The NOT operator retrieves records that contain the first search term and excludes the second search term. For example, the search health reform not health maintenance organizations retrieves only those records that contain the term health reform but excludes the term health maintenance organizations. In this way, you can use the NOT operator to restrict results to a specific topic.
You can use the NOT operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
Adjacency (ADJ) x y

Education Accreditation

"Midwifery education accreditation council"

 

The Adjacent operator (ADJ) retrieves records with search terms next to each other in that specific order. You do not need to separate search terms manually by inserting ADJ between them, because when you separate terms with a space on the command line, Ovid automatically searches for the terms adjacent to one another. For example, the search blood pressure is identical to the search blood adj pressure.
Defined Adjacency (ADJn) x ADJn y

accreditation adj3 education

"Why accreditation? MEAC and midwifery education."

 

The defined adjacency operator (ADJn) retrieves records that contain search terms within a specified number (n-1) of words from each other in any order (stop-words included). To use the adjacency operator, separate your search terms with ADJ and a number from 1 to 99 as explained below:

           ADJ1     Next to each other, in any order
           ADJ2     Next to each other, in any order, up to 1 word in between
           ADJ3     Next to each other, in any order, up to 2 words in between
           ADJ99   Next to each other, in any order, up to 98 words in between

For example, the search physician adj5 relationship retrieves records that contain the words physician and relationship with a maximum of four words in between in either direction. This particular search retrieves records containing such phrases as physician patient relationship, patient physician relationship, or relationship between cancer patient and physician.
Please note Ovid’s order of operation handles terms within parentheses first. Therefore it is recommended to apply the ADJn operator in one-on-one operations to avoid missing out on results. E.g. stroke adj4 (blood pressure or high blood pressure) could potentially miss out on some combinations of stroke with high blood pressure. The optimum way to execute this on Ovid is: (stroke adj4 blood pressure) OR (stroke adj4 high blood pressure).
Frequency (FREQ) x.ab./FREQ=n

"cord blood".ab./FREQ=3

"The value of cord blood interleukin-6 levels for predicting chorioamnionitis"

 

The frequency operator (FREQ) lets you specify a threshold of occurrence of a term in the records retrieved from your search. Records containing your search term are retrieved only if the term occurs at least the specified (n) number of times. In general, records that contain many instances of your search term are more relevant than records that contain fewer instances. The frequency operator is particularly useful when searching a text field, such as Abstract or Full Text, for a common word or phrase.
Unlimited Truncation ($) x$

umbilical$

"umbilical coiling"
"umbilical blood"

 

Unlimited truncation retrieves all possible suffix variations of the root word indicated. To apply unlimited truncation to a term, type the root word or phrase followed by either of the truncation characters: $ (dollar sign) or * (asterisk). For example, in the truncated search disease*, Ovid retrieves the word disease as well as the words diseases, diseased, and more.
Limited Truncation ($) x$n

hot dog$1

"consumption of uncooked hot dogs and undercooked chicken"

 

Limited truncation specifies a maximum number of characters that may follow the root word or phrase. For example, the truncated search dog$1 retrieves results with the words dog and dogs; but it does not retrieve results with the word dogma.
Mandated Wildcard (#) xx#y

wom#n

"two type 2 diabetic women"

 

Searching with a mandated wildcard retrieves all possible variations of a word in which the wildcard is present in the specified place. You can use it at the end of a term to limit results to only those that contain the word plus the mandated character. For example, the search dog# retrieves results that contain the word dogs, but not those that contain the word dog, effectively limiting results to only those that contain the plural form of the word. The mandated wild card character (#) is also useful for retrieving specialized plural forms of a word. For example, the search wom#n retrieves results that contain both woman and women. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Optional Wildcard (?) xx?y

colo?r

"Color flow mapping and Doppler velocimetry in the diagnosis and management of a placental chorioangioma"

 

The optional wild card character (?) can be used within or at the end of a search term to substitute for one or no characters. This wild card is useful for retrieving documents with British and American word variants since it specifies that you want retrieval whether or not the extra character is present. For example, the optional wild card search colo?r retrieves results that contain the words color or colour. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Literal String ("") "x / y"

"yes / no"

"Question 1 (yes/no format) and Question 2 (trimester-specific design)"

"n"

"3".vo

"vol 3, no 1, May 2006"

 

Quotation marks can be used to retrieve records that contain literal strings, when the string includes special characters, such as a forward slash (/).

Quotation marks can also be used to retrieve records that contain numbers that may otherwise be confused for earlier searches. In the example, a search for 3.vo would limit the string from your third search in your search history to the volume field. By including the number in quotation marks, the search will retrieve documents with a 3 in the volume number.

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Stopwords

The Ovid search engine applies so called "run-time stopword processing". This means the search engine on the fly ignores the stopwords: and, as, by, for, from, in, is, of, on, that, the, this, to, was, were & with.

Therefore a search: at risk for diabetes.ti will also find: at risk of diabetes. The distance of one word in between is kept, but the stopword "for" is ignored.

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Limits
The following limits are available for this database. See Database Limits in the Ovid Online Help for details on applying limits.

Limit

Syntax
Breastfeeding
Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to breastfeeding general
limit 1 to problems

 

A limit to Breastfeeding will restrict retrieval to articles about topics related to breastfeeding. To use this limit, choose from one of the drop-down menu selections. Each selection searches for articles on a subset of topics based on MIDIRS standard searches.

  Limit Topic   Includes
  Breastfeeding
General
  Breastfeeding: the advantages for the mother Economic advantages of breastfeeding
    Breastfeeding: rates and trends Exclusive breastfeeding
    Breastfeeding: advantages for the mother Feeding the premature infant
    Breastfeeding: weight gain in infants Longterm breastfeeding
    Contraceptive effects of breastfeeding Teenagers breastfeeding – attitudes, complications, promotion
    Complementary, supplementary feeds Avantages of breastfeeding for the baby
    Diet and nutrition whilst breastfeeding Weaning: introduction of solid food
  Influences   Breastfeeding: professional attitudes, beliefs and knowledge Public opinion of breastfeeding
    Marketing infant formula The decision to breastfeed
    Professional attitudes, beliefs and knowledge Partners and breastfeeding
  Practical Issues   Breastfeeding at work Milk banks and milk banking
    Breastfeeding twins, triplets or more Positioning the baby for breastfeeding
    Cup and spoon feeding Safety and hygiene relating to infant nutrition
    Expressing breast milk
  Problems   Breastfeeding: diabetic mothers Nipple problems
    Breastfeeding the adopted baby Nipple shields
    Breastfeeding following breast surgery Substances in breastmilk
    Engorgement Prescribed drugs whilst breastfeeding
    HIV and breastfeeding Substances in breast milk
    Insufficient milk Suppression of lactation
    Mastitis  
  Promotion
and Support
  Antenatal preparation for breastfeeding Hospital policies/procedures that affect breastfeeding
    Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative Midwives and healthcare professionals – role in breastfeeding promotion and support
    Breastfeeding after caesarean section Peer support and support groups for breastfeeding
    Breastfeeding immediately following birth Role of breastfeeding counsellors/lactation consultants
    Breastfeeding – why do women give up?
Labour and Delivery Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to "Labour and Delivery Complications"
limit 1 to Monitoring

 

A limit to Labour and Delivery will restrict retrieval to articles about topics related to labour and delivery. To use this limit, choose from one of the drop-down menu selections. Each selection searches for articles on a subset of topics based on MIDIRS standard searches.

  Limit Topic   Includes
  Labour and
Delivery
Complications
  Born before arrival Postpartum haemorrhage
    Breech (not twins) Postpartum haemorrhage: prevention
    Cord prolapse Premature rupture of the membranes at term
    Female genital mutilation Retained placenta
    Fetal distress Shoulder dystocia
    Maternal birth injuries Third and fourth degree tears
    Meconium Third degree tears
    Occipito-posterior position Twin delivery
    Obstetrics anal sphincter injury Vaginal birth after caesarean section
    Obstetrics anal sphincter injury  
  Labour and
Delivery General
  Birth chairs and stools Position and ambulation in labour
    Birth environment Siblings at the birth
    Birth plans Spontaneous onset of labour
    Communication in labour Support/company in labour
    Cultural or religious birth and death rituals and practices Squatting in labour
    Fathers/partners at the birth Women’s experiences of labour
  Management
and
Interventions
  Active management of labour HIV – prevention of vertical transmission in labour
    Amniotomy Induction of labour/cervical ripening
    Caesarean section: antibiotic prophylaxis Nutrition and hydration in labour
    Caesarean section: caesarean by choice Prostaglandins for induction of labour/cervical ripening
    Caesarean section: rates, increase, trends Pushing and bearing down
    Episiotomy and perineal management Second stage management
    Forceps and vacuum Suturing the perineum
    Forceps and vacuum: maternal outcome Third stage management (includes expectant management)
    Guarding the perineum/preventing tears Vulval cleansing in labour
  Monitoring   Electronic fetal monitoring Intermittent auscultation versus continuous fetal monitoring
    Examining and weighing the placenta Partograms
    Fetal pulse oximetry ST analysis (STAN)
    Fetal scalp electrodes  
  Pain and
Pain Relief
  Caesarean section: anaesthesia and analgesia Epidurals: postnatal effects
    Drugs for pain relief Pethidine
    Drug free pain relief in labour TENS
    Drugs in labour: effects on breastfeeding The use of water and underwater birth
    Entonox, nitrous oxide and gas and air Water as pain relief
    Epidurals Women’s perceptions of pain and pain relief
Maternity Services Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to "Ethical and Legal Issues"
limit 1 to Maternity Services General

 

A limit to Maternity Services will restrict retrieval to articles about topics related to maternity services. To use this limit, choose from one of the drop-down menu selections. Each selection searches for articles on a subset of topics based on MIDIRS standard searches.

  Limit Topic   Includes
  Ethical and
Legal Issues
  Assisted reproduction Informed consent
    Confidentiality Legal issues
    Court ordered obstetrical interventions Maternal-fetal rights
    Disrespect and abuse in childbirth Sex selection
    Ethical issues Surrogate motherhood
    Informed consent  
  Maternity
Services
General
  Audit: examples Maternity Services Liaison Committees
    Audit: theory Medicalisation of childbirth
    Birth outside of guidelines Normal childbirth
    Culturally sensitive maternity care Physiological labour and birth
    Clinical governance Recent government/official reports
    Complementary therapies (general) Risk management
    Control of childbirth UK statistics: published sources
    Feminism/gender issues in midwifery and maternity care
  Organisation
of Care
  Antenatal day care Neonatal intensive care: the costs
    Changing Childbirth Primary care groups and trusts
    Early discharge/length of stay Shared/collaborative care
    Digital midwifery Transitional care
    Hospital security/tagging Winterton Report
    Informed choice Woman-centred care
    Informed choice: key references from the MIDIRS Informed Choice initiative Virtual conferencing (telemedicine)
  Place of Birth   Alternative birth centres Home birth: choice and control
    Domino deliveries Home birth: safety
    GP units  
  Special Needs   Antenatal education for teenagers Services for drug abusing women
    Child protection, child abuse and neglect Teenage pregnancy: prevention
    Homeless women/travellers Women in prison
    Jehovah’s Witnesses Women who are blind/visually impaired
    Lesbian mothers Women who are deaf/hearing impaired
    Minority ethnic women: special needs and services Women with a physical disability
    Refugees Women with learning disabilities
Midwifery Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to Employment Issues
limit 1 to Midwifery Management

 

A limit to Midwifery will restrict retrieval to articles about topics related to midwifery. To use this limit, choose from one of the drop-down menu selections. Each selection searches for articles on a subset of topics based on MIDIRS standard searches.

  Limit Topic   Includes
  Education,
Training and
Professional
Development
  Advanced/higher level practice Pre-registration education
    Assessing student midwives Reflective practice
    Assessing midwives (competency, peer review, appraisal) Research: critical appraisal
    Consultant midwives Research: ethical issues
    Counselling skills for midwives Research: how to do it
    Decision making/problem solving Research: qualitative methods
    Evidence-based practice Research: statistical methods
    Learning and teaching methods Research: the value of
    PhD theses Revalidation
    Portfolios/professional profiles Student midwives
    Preceptors and mentors Writing for publication
  Employment
Issues
  Bullying/harassment Return to practice
    Job satisfaction Shifts and rotas
    Job sharing/part-time working Stress and burnout in midwifery
    Midwives’ uniforms Stress and burnout in the NICU
    Occupational health and safety Universal precautions
    Retention and recruitment of midwives  
  International
Midwifery
  Maternal morbidity: rates and trends in developed countries Midwifery in the Middle East
    Midwifery in Africa Midwifery in New Zealand
    Midwifery in Asia Midwifery in the Netherlands
    Midwifery in Australia Midwifery in the USA
    Midwifery in Canada Midwifery in Western Europe
    Midwifery in Central and South America Reproductive health services in developing countries
    Midwifery in Eastern Europe Traditional birth attendants
  Midwifery
Care
  Care pathways Midwife led care
    Caseload/one-to-one midwifery Models of care
    Group practice midwifery Team midwifery/continuity of care
    Independent midwifery in the United Kingdom The named midwife
    Integrated midwifery  
  Midwifery
Management
  Leadership Supervision of midwives
    Managing change  
  Professional
Issues
  Autonomy and accountability Institutional racism
    Childfree midwives/midwives who are mothers Liability insurance for midwives
    Clinical negligence Men in midwifery
    Communication/relations with other health professionals Professional organisations
    Extended role of the midwife Public health and the midwife
    Health care assistants/support workers Record keeping
    History and development of midwifery Role and status of midwives
Neonatal and Infant Care Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to Neonatal Care Adverse Outcome
limit 1 to "Neonatal and Infant Care"

 

A limit to Neonatal and Infant Care will restrict retrieval to articles about topics related to neonatal care. To use this limit, choose from one of the drop-down menu selections. Each selection searches for articles on a subset of topics based on MIDIRS standard searches.

  Limit Topic   Includes
  Neonatal
Care
Adverse
Outcome
  Infant mortality worldwide Infant mortality in North America
    Infant mortality in Africa Sudden infant death: environmental factors
    Infant mortality in Asia

Sudden infant death: physiology

    Infant mortality in Australia and New Zealand Sudden infant death: sleeping position
    Infant mortality in Central and South America Sudden infant death: smoking
    Infant mortality in Europe
  Neonatal
Care
Complications
 

Allergies in infancy

Kidney function and diseases in infancy
    Ankyloglossia (tongue-tie) Malaria in infancy
    Asthma in infancy Mechanical ventilation
    Cerebral palsy: causes, diagnosis and management

Meningitis

    Chronic lung disease Necrotising enterocolitis
    Cleft lip and palate Neonatal anaemia
    Congenital heart disease Otitis media
    Congenital hip displacement PKU in the neonate
    Fetal alcohol syndrome Pain in the infant
    Gastroesophageal reflux Patent ductus arteriosus
    HIV infection in neonate Pneumonia in infancy
    Hypoxia Respiratory distress syndrome
    Jaundice and phototherapy Retinopathy of prematurity
    MRSA Talipes
  Neonatal Care
General
  Infant development (Cognitive)
    Infant cognitive development: motor skills
  Neonatal and
Infant Care
  Colic Infant vaccination
    Cord blood collection and banking Infant vaccination in the United Kingdom
    Cord care Measles vaccination in infants
    Cord clamping Nappies and nappy rash
    Co-sleeping/sharing a bed Nappies: reusable vs disposable
    Crying babies Neonatal circumcision
    Dummies/pacifiers Polio vaccine in infants
    Hypoglycaemia and glucose levels in the neonate Skin care of the newborn
    Infant development (Effect of parents) Suctioning the neonate
    Infant development (Physical) Temperature measurement and control
    Infant growth Vitamin K
  Neonatal
Intensive
Care
  Breastfeeding the baby in intensive care Phototherapy
    Developmental care in the NICU Positioning the neonate
    Effects of neonatal intensive care on the parents Prematurity and low birth weight: survival and short term outcome
    Enteral and parenteral nutrition Premature and low birth weight babies: long term neurodevelopmental/intellectual outcome
    Ethical issues in neonatal intensive care Premature and low birth weight babies: development of motor skills
    Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation Premature and low birth weight babies: speech, language and auditory development
    Infection control in the neonatal intensive care unit Premature and low birth weight babies: long-term outcome at school
    Kangaroo care Surfactant therapy
    Neonatal massage, touch, stroking The environment in the NICU
    Neonatal resuscitation Transporting the neonate
    Neonatal resuscitation: teaching parents Tube feeding
  Neonatal
Care
Screening
  Apgar score HIV screening in the neonate
    Hearing tests Newborn blood spot screening
    Heel prick: methods and pain management Routine examination of the newborn
Postnatal Care Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to Postnatal Care Adverse Outcome
limit 1 to Psychological Aspects

 

A limit to Postnatal Care will restrict retrieval to articles about topics related to postnatal care. To use this limit, choose from one of the drop-down menu selections. Each selection searches for articles on a subset of topics based on MIDIRS standard searches.

  Limit Topic   Includes
  Postnatal Care
Adverse Outcome
  Maternal mortality in Africa Maternal mortality in Central and South America
    Maternal mortality in Australia and New Zealand Maternal mortality worldwide
    Maternal mortality in Asia Medication errors (infant)
    Maternal mortality in Europe Perinatal bereavement (not miscarriage)
    Maternal mortality in North America Safe Motherhood Initiative
  Postnatal
Care
Complications
  Caesarean section: maternal outcome Obstetric fistulae
    Incontinence and pelvic floor damage Sex and sexual difficulties after childbirth
    Long term effects of pregnancy and childbirth on women’s health Incontinence and pelvic floor damage
  Postnatal
Care
General
  Grandparents: role in child care and parenting Racial disparities in infant health outcomes
    Parenting: policy, support and initiatives Seasonality of birth
  Maternal Care   Caesarean section: postnatal care and pain relief Postnatal contraception
    Contraceptive advice Postnatal exercise
    Maternal satisfaction with postnatal care Postnatal haemoglobin
    Perineal care Postnatal visiting
    Perineal pain relief Rooming in
  Psychological
Aspects
  Adaptation to motherhood Postnatal depression: effects on baby and family
    Bonding Postnatal depression: treatment and support
    Caesarean section: psychological sequelae Puerperal psychosis
    Debriefing and post traumatic stress disorder Transition to parenthood
    Palliative care for the infant Sexuality and body image: postnatal
    Postnatal depression: causes, diagnosis and prevention  
Pregnancy Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to Pregnancy Adverse Outcome
limit 1 to "Social and Psychological Aspects"

 

A limit to Pregnancy will restrict retrieval to articles about topics related to pregnancy. To use this limit, choose from one of the drop-down menu selections. Each selection searches for articles on a subset of topics based on MIDIRS standard searches.

  Limit Topic   Includes
  Pregnancy
Adverse
Outcome
  Miscarriage: bereavement and counselling Termination for fetal abnormality – psychological aspects
    Miscarriage: causes Stillbirth
    Recurrent miscarriage Stillbirth: prevention
  Antenatal
Care
  Antenatal care and socioeconomic status Estimated date of delivery
    Antenatal hospital admission: psychosocial aspects Late booking
    Antenatal visits: frequency Satisfaction with antenatal care
    Booking interview Women holding own notes
  Antenatal
Health
  Antenatal Maternal microbiome
    Antidepressants and psychotropic medication during pregnancy and breastfeeding Maternal obesity: impact on offspring
    Aquanatal exercise Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy
    Caffeine/coffee drinking in pregnancy Opioid dependence in pregnancy
    Cocaine and crack Perinatal mental health
    Common disorders (excluding nausea) Sex in pregnancy
    Dietary supplements in pregnancy Smoking: adverse effects
    Diet and nutrition in pregnancy Travel in pregnancy and with a baby
    Drug abuse: effects on mother and fetus Use of prescription and non-prescription drugs in pregnancy
    Alcohol: effects on fetus Maternal weight gain
    Environmental pollution: effects on pregnancy VDUs in pregnancy
    Exercise and sport in pregnancy Vegetarians and vegans  
    Fetal origins of adult disease Vitamin D deficiency  
    Folic acid Working in pregnancy  
  Complementary
Therapies
  Acupuncture and acupressure Massage
    Aromatherapy Osteopathy, chiropractic and physiotherapy
    Herbal remedies Reflexology
    Homeopathy Yoga
    Hypnosis
  Pregnancy
Complications
  Allergies in pregnancy Obstetric cholestasis
    Amnioinfusion Obesity in pregnancy
    Anaemia and iron supplements Oligohydramnios
    Antepartum haemorrhage/bleeding Placental abruption
    Assisted reproduction: complications in pregnancy and labour Placenta accreta, increta and percreta
    Breech: external cephalic version Placenta praevia
    Cervical cerclage Polyhydramnios
    Chorioamnionitis Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia: magnesium sulphate therapy
    Critical/high-dependency care in pregnancy Pre-eclampsia: aspirin therapy
    Effects of multiple corticosteroids Pre-eclampsia: causes and prevention
    Eclampsia Pre-eclampsia: general references and outcomes
    Edward’s syndrome Pre-eclampsia: management and treatment
    Fetal growth restriction: screening and diagnosis Pre-eclampsia: screening and diagnosis
    Fetal growth retardation Pregnancy induced hypertension: causes and diagnosis
    Fetal macrosomia Pregnancy induced hypertension: management and treatment
    Gestational diabetes: risk factors and causes Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain
    Gestational diabetes: screening, diagnosis and prevention Premature labour and birth: causes
    Gestational diabetes: treatment, management, and maternal and infant outcomes Premature labour and birth: prevention and management
    Grand multiparity Preterm premature rupture of the membranes
    HELLP syndrome Prolonged pregnancy
    Hydrops fetalis Rhesus disease
    Hyperemesis gravidarum Sickle cell disease
    Maternal age over 35 Teenage pregnancy: physiology
    Minority ethnic women: physiology Thalassaemia
    Multiple pregnancy (not twins) Thromboembolic diseases
    Multifetal pregnancy reduction Twins: pregnancy only
    Neural tube defects Twin-twin transfusion syndrome
    Obesity in pregnancy Uterine rupture  
  Pregnancy
General
  Retrieving data. Wait a few seconds and try to cut or copy again.
  Health
Education
  Alcohol: health behaviour, education Evaluating antenatal education
    Antenatal classes Folic acid: health education
    Consumer health information Preparation for caesarean section
    Drugs: health behaviour, education Prepregnancy care
    Education for labour (Lamaze, psychoprophylaxis etc) Smoking: health behaviour, health education
    Education for parenthood Written consumer information
  Infections   Bacterial vaginosis Listeria
    Chickenpox in pregnancy Malaria
    Chlamydia Rubella
    Cytomegalovirus Drug therapy for pregnant women with HIV infection
    Drug therapy for pregnant women with HIV infection Drug therapy for pregnant women with HIV infection
    Group B streptococcus Sexually transmitted infections
    Hepatitis B Syphilis
    Hepatitis C Tetanus
    Herpes Toxoplasmosis
    HIV infection: care in pregnancy and labour Urinary tract infections
    Human parvovirus Vaccination during pregnancy
    Influenza in pregnancy
  Pregnancy
Screening
  Amniocentesis Informed choice/decision making prior to screening
    Blood pressure: methods of measurement MRI and computed tomography
    Chorion villus sampling Physical examination in pregnancy
    Cordocentesis Risk scoring
    Cystic fibrosis Screening in pregnancy: anxiety and distress
    Down’s syndrome screening Triple test
    Ethical and moral dilemmas in screening Ultrasound: diagnostic
    Fetal monitoring at home Ultrasound: safety
    Fetal movement counting Ultrasound: four dimensional
    Fetal nuchal translucency Ultrasound: three dimensional
    Glucose tolerance tests Urine testing
    HIV screening Vaginal examinations in pregnancy, labour and the puerperium
  Social and
Psychological
Aspects
  Antenatal depression Poverty and socioeconomic factors
    Childhood sexual abuse and effect on pregnancy Pregnancy after stillbirth
    Eating disorders in pregnancy Sexuality and body image in pregnancy
    Fathers/partners Social support in pregnancy
    Fear of childbirth/tokophobia Teenage pregnancy: psychosocial aspects
    Fetal sentience Unintended pregnancy
    Maternal stress/life events Unsupported women
    Mindfulness and meditation for pregnancy and parenting Violence and sexual assault in pregnancy  
  Women with
Medical
Conditions
  Asthma Phenylketonuria
    Cancer Pneumonia in pregnancy
    Diabetes Systemic lupus erythematosus
    Epilepsy Thyroid diseases
    Heart disease
Abstracts Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to abstracts

Command Syntax: ..l/1 ab=y
 

A limit to Abstracts restricts retrieval to documents which include an abstract.

Full Text Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to full text

 

A limit to Full Text restricts retrieval to only those records that have links to full text. Both Ovid full text and external full text are included in this limit.

Latest Update Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to latest update

 

A limit to latest update restricts retrieval to documents which were most recently added to the database.

Local Holdings Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to local holdings

Command Syntax: ..l/1 lh=y
 

A limit to local holdings restricta retrieval to documents from journals held in your local library or library system. If your System Administrator has created any special messages about a journal's availability, this message will display with the document in the Local Holdings (LH) field.

Ovid Full Text Available Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to Ovid Full Text Available

 

A limit to Ovid Full Text Available will restrict retrieval to those citations for which an Ovid full text link is available.

Publication Types Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to animal study
limit 1 to blog
limit 1 to debate
limit 1 to mixed methods study
limit 1 to pilot study
limit 1 to secondary analysis
limit 1 to survey

 

A limit to a Publication Type will restrict retrieval to articles containing the selected Publication Type.

Publication Year Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to yr="2005 - 2006"

Command Syntax: ..l/1 yr="2005"
 

A limit to Publication Year will restrict retrieval to articles with any year(s) covered in the database.

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Tools

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Changing to this Database
To change a search session to a segment of this database from another database or another segment, use the following syntax in the Ovid Syntax tab:
  Command Syntax: ..c/mwic
  Sentence Syntax: use mwic
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Sample Documents
Sample 1
Accession Number
  2021012577
Author
  Park DSJ. Park JSY. Sharma S. et al.
Title
  Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension in Pregnancy.
Source
  JOGC [Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada]. vol 43, no 11, November 2021, pp 1292-1295.
  February 1982, pp 34-36.   
Publication Location
  JOGC [Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada].
Standard Search
  Breast neoplasms
  Breastfeeding
  Neoplasms
Class
  Breastfeeding Complications   
Standard Search
  Pregnancy Induced Hypertension - Management and Treatment [P56] 
Abstract
  Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a syndrome characterized by 
  elevated intracranial pressure without an identifiable underlying cause. 
  Pregnancy has unique and important diagnostic and therapeutic implications 
  for patients with IIH. Despite these implications, there are no guidelines 
  to assist clinicians in managing IIH during pregnancy. Our review aims to 
  summarize the key considerations related to the diagnosis and management 
  of IIH during pregnancy, to optimize the care of these patients and mitigate 
  the risk of disease-related complications. The optimal management of IIH in 
  pregnancy should include a multidisciplinary team, including an obstetrician 
  (or maternal-fetal medicine specialist), a neurologist, and an ophthalmologist
   (or neuro-ophthalmologist). (Author) 
Publication Type
  Review.   
Document Type
  Journal article. 
Date of Publication
  20210125  
Entry Date
  2021
Update Code
  20211130  
Sample 2
Accession Number
  2021012512
Author
  House of Commons.
Title
  Baby Care Units: Coronavirus [written answer].
Source
 Hansard. Written question 126072, 7 December 2020.
Publication Location
  Hansard.
URL
  https://questions-statements.par...
Descriptors
  Coronavirus
  Disease outbreaks
  Infant care
  Infant - newborn
  Intensive care units - neonatal
  Parents
Abstract
  Helen Whately responds to a written question from Vicky Foxcroft to 
  the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, regarding pursuant to the 
  Answer of 3 December 2020 to Question 94484 on Baby Care Units: Coronavirus, 
  what steps he is taking to ensure that covid-19 testing is made available to 
  parents of babies in neonatal care. (Author, edited)
Publication Type
  Parliamentary question.

Document Type
  Electronic document.
Date of Publication
  20210125
Entry Date
  2020
Update Code
  20210208
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