JBI EBP Database Guide
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The JBI EBP Database allows you to search simultaneously, a wide range of summarized and appraised evidence, to inform your practice. This comprehensive range of resources includes over 3,000 records across five publication types: Evidence Based Recommended Practices, Evidence Summaries, Best Practice Information Sheets, Systematic Reviews, and Systematic Review Protocols.

Subject Area Nodes: Evidence organized into health care area/specialties. Only information specific to that health topic is included in each database.

Ovid recommends you use Basic Search when searching this database.

Publication Types

Evidence Based Recommended Practices: Interventions or procedures that describe and/or recommend certain practices on selected clinical topics. Recommended Practices are based on the best available evidence and each practice consists of an equipment list, a recommended practice, occupational health and safety provisions, and an adjoining evidence summary where evidence is available.

Evidence Summaries: Short abstracts that summarize existing international evidence on common health care interventions and activities. Based on structured searches of the literature and selected evidence-based health care databases.

Best Practice Information Sheets (BPIS): Short summaries based on the results and recommendations of systematic reviews. BPIS are easily disseminated and provide busy health professionals access to key issues and recommendations that have been collected from a large volume of material.

Systematic Reviews: An analysis of all of the available literature (that is, evidence) and involves developing a question; establishing inclusion criteria; developing a strategy to comprehensively search for the evidence; appraising the quality of each paper; excluding papers of poor quality; extracting the findings of included papers; and synthesizing the findings of included papers.

Systematic Review Protocol: Documents background information and the plan for conducting a systematic review.

The JBI Levels of Evidence are:

The New JBI Levels of Evidence and Grades of Recommendation are now being used for all JBI documents as of the 1st of March 2014.

Levels of Evidence - Effectiveness


Level 1 – Experimental Designs
Level 1.a – Systematic review of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs)
Level 1.b – Systematic review of RCTs and other study designs
Level 1.c – RCT
Level 1.d – Pseudo-RCTs


Level 2 – Quasi-experimental Designs
Level 2.a – Systematic review of quasi-experimental studies
Level 2.b – Systematic review of quasi-experimental and other lower study designs
Level 2.c – Quasi-experimental prospectively controlled study
Level 2.d – Pre-test – post-test or historic/retrospective control group study



Level 3 – Observational – Analytic Designs
Level 3.a – Systematic review of comparable cohort studies
Level 3.b – Systematic review of comparable cohort and other lower study designs
Level 3.c – Cohort study with control group
Level 3.d – Case – controlled study
Level 3.e – Observational study without a control group


Level 4 – Observational – Descriptive Studies
Level 4.a – Systematic review of descriptive studies
Level 4.b – Cross-sectional study
Level 4.c – Case series
Level 4.d – Case study

Level 5 – Expert Opinion and Bench Research
Level 5.a – Systematic review of expert opinion
Level 5.b – Expert consensus
Level 5.c – Bench research/ single expert opinion
 
Levels of Evidence - Diagnosis

Level 1 – Studies of Test Accuracy among consecutive patients
Level 1.a – Systematic review of studies of test accuracy among consecutive patients
Level 1.b – Study of test accuracy among consecutive patients

Level 2 – Studies of Test Accuracy among non-consecutive patients
Level 2.a – Systematic review of studies of test accuracy among non-consecutive patients
Level 2.b – Study of test accuracy among non-consecutive patients

Level 3 – Diagnostic Case control studies
Level 3.a – Systematic review of diagnostic case control studies
Level 3.b – Diagnostic case-control study

Level 4 – Diagnostic yield studies
Level 4.a – Systematic review of diagnostic yield studies
Level 4.b – Individual diagnostic yield study

Level 5 – Expert Opinion and Bench Research
Level 5.a – Systematic review of expert opinion
Level 5.b – Expert consensus
Level 5.c – Bench research/ single expert opinion
 
Levels of Evidence - Prognosis

Level 1 – Inception Cohort Studies
Level 1.a – Systematic review of inception cohort studies
Level 1.b – Inception cohort study

Level 2 – Studies of All or none
Level 2.a – Systematic review of all or none studies
Level 2.b – All or none studies

Level 3 – Cohort studies
Level 3.a – Systematic review of cohort studies (or control arm of RCT)
Level 3.b – Cohort study (or control arm of RCT)

Level 4 – Case series/Case Controlled/ Historically Controlled studies
Level 4.a – Systematic review of Case series/Case Controlled/ Historically Controlled studies
Level 4.b – Individual Case series/Case Controlled/ Historically Controlled study

Level 5 – Expert Opinion and Bench Research
Level 5.a – Systematic review of expert opinion
Level 5.b – Expert consensus
Level 5.c – Bench research/ single expert opinion
 
Levels of Evidence - Economic Evaluations
Level 1 Decision model with assumptions and variables informed by systematic review and tailored to fit the decision making context.
Level 2 Systematic review of economic evaluations conducted in a setting similar to the decision makers.

Level 3
Synthesis/review of economic evaluations undertaken in a setting similar to that in which the decision is to be made and which are of high quality (comprehensive and credible measurement of costs and health outcomes, sufficient time period covered, discounting, and sensitivity testing).

Level 4
Economic evaluation of high quality (comprehensive and credible measurement of costs and health outcomes, sufficient time period covered, discounting and sensitivity testing) and conducted in setting similar to the decision making context.
Level 5 Synthesis / review of economic evaluations of moderate and/or poor quality (insufficient coverage of costs and health effects, no discounting, no sensitivity testing, time period covered insufficient).
Level 6 Single economic evaluation of moderate or poor quality (see directly above level 5 description of studies).
Level 7 Expert opinion on incremental cost effectives of intervention and comparator.
 
Levels of Evidence - Meaningfulness
Level 1 Qualitative or mixed-methods systematic review
Level 2 Qualitative or mixed-methods synthesis
Level 3 Single qualitative study
Level 4 Systematic review of expert opinion
Level 5 Expert opinion

 

JBI Grades of Recommendation
A ‘strong’ recommendation for a certain health management strategy where:


Grade A
1. it is clear that desirable effects outweigh undesirable effects of the strategy;
2. where there is evidence of adequate quality supporting its use;
3. there is a benefit or no impact on resource use, and
4. values, preferences and the patient experience have been taken into account.
A ‘weak’ recommendation for a certain health management strategy where:


Grade B
1. desirable effects appear to outweigh undesirable effects of the strategy, although this is not as clear;
2. where there is evidence supporting its use, although this may not be of high quality;
3. there is a benefit, no impact or minimal impact on resource use, and
4. values, preferences and the patient experience may or may not have been taken into account.

The FAME (Feasibility, Appropriateness, Meaningfulness and Effectiveness) scale may help inform the wording and strength of a recommendation.

F – Feasibility; specifically:

  • What is the cost effectiveness of the practice?
  • Is the resource/practice available?
  • Is there sufficient experience/levels of competency available?

A – Appropriateness; specifically:

  • Is it culturally acceptable?
  • Is it transferable/applicable to the majority of the population?
  • Is it easily adaptable to a variety of circumstances?

M – Meaningfulness; specifically:

  • Is it associated with positive experiences?
  • Is it not associated with negative experiences?

E – Effectiveness; specifically:

  • Was there a beneficial effect?
  • Is it safe? (i.e is there a lack of harm associated with the practice?

 

Segments and Years of Coverage
Name Years of Coverage
jbi Current - Present
jbia  
jbib  
jbicc  
jbicd  
jbid  
jbie  
jbig  
jbih  
jbii  
jbimh  
jbimc  
jbir  
jbis  

jbiw

 

The limit of databases that you can select for a multifile search session is based upon database segments rather than actual databases. The Ovid multifile segment limit is set at 120 to avoid impacting your search sessions. This database includes 15 total segments.

This database is updated online weekly.

Fields
The following list is sorted alphabetically by field alias. Click a field name to see the description and search information.
All Fields in this Database
  Abstract (AB) ISSN (IS) Recommended Practice (RP)
  Accession Number (AN) Journal Name (JN) Review Text (RY)
  All Searchable Fields (AF) Journal Word (JX) Subject Area Node (SA)
  Authors (AU) Keywords (KW) Subject Area Node Word (SW)
  Date of Publication (DP) Overview (OV) Source (SO)
  DOI Number (DO) Publisher (PB) Subject Headings (SH)
  Equipment (EQ) Page (PG) Title (TI)
  Heading Word (HW) Produced By (PR) Text (TX)
  Institution (OR) Publication Type (PT)  
  Issue Part (IP) References (RF)  
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Default Fields for Unqualified Searches (MP): Searching for a term without specifying a field in Advanced search, or specifying .mp., defaults to the following ‘multi-purpose’ (.mp.) fields for this database: ry,rp,tx,hw,sa,ti.
  Heading Word (HW) Review Text (RY) Title (TI)
  Recommended Practice (RP) Subject Area Node Word (SW) Text (TX)
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Default Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: The following fields are included by default for each record.

  Accession Number (AN) Journal Word (JX) References (RF)
  Authors (AU) Keywords (KW) Subject Area Node (SA)
  Equipment (EQ) Overview (OV) Source (SO)
  Institution (OR) Publisher (PB) Subject Headings (SH)
  Issue Part (IP) Produced By (PR) Title (TI)
  ISSN (IS) Publication Type (PT) Year of Publication (YR)
  Journal Name (JN)    
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All Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: Use the Select Fields button in the Results Manager at the bottom of the Main Search Page to choose the fields for a record.

  Accession Number (AN) Journal Word (JX) References (RF)
  Authors (AU) Keywords (KW) Subject Area Node (SA)
  Equipment (EQ) Overview (OV) Source (SO)
  Institution (OR) Publisher (PB) Subject Headings (SH)
  Issue Part (IP) Produced By (PR) Title (TI)
  ISSN (IS) Publication Type (PT) Year of Publication (YR)
  Journal Name (JN)    
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Label Name / Example
AB Abstract [Word Indexed]
york.ab.
 

The Abstract (AB) field summarizes the content of the document and generally describes the background, methods, results, and conclusions. Only documents which appeared in print with an abstract will include an abstract in this database.

Back
AF All Searchable Fields [Search Alias]
heart.af.
 

All Fields (AF) is an alias for all of the fields which occur in the source documents, including value-added fields such as MeSH Subject Headings (SH).

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AN Accession Number [Phrase Indexed]
jbi1120.an.
 

The Accession Number (AN) field contains a unique string that is assigned to each record. This allows you to identify and retrieve a specific record at any time.

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AU Author [Phrase Indexed]
audrey tan xiang ning.au.
  The Author (AU) field contains the name(s) identifying the person(s) responsible for or contributing to the creation of the intellectual or artistic content of a work contained in the item or its realization.
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DO DOI Number [Phrase Indexed]
10 11124 jbies 20 00228.do.
  The DOI Number (DO) field contains the Digital Object Identifier - a unique and persistent digital identification code for any object of intellectual property. The DOI itself consists of two parts: a prefix which is assigned to each publisher by the administrative DOI agency, e.g., "10.1097", and a suffix which is assigned by the publisher and can be any code that the publisher chooses, e.g., "00045415-200111000-00002". The full DOI appears as such: "10.1097/00045415-200111000-00002".
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DP Date of Publication [Phrase Indexed]
august 2020.dp.
 

The Date of Publication (DP) field contains information such as the season, quarter, month, day, and year of publication.

To find articles published in September, type in 'sep' and use the index to select all relevant variations. You may want to combine a season or month with a year and a journal name to narrow the results.

This field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

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EQ Equipment [Word Indexed]
catheters.eq.
 

The Equipment (EQ) field contains information on the equipment described in the record. This field is word indexed and can also be searched in the Text (TX) field.

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HW Heading Word [Word Indexed]
abnormalities.hw.
 

The Heading Word (HW) index contains keywords. The Heading Word (HW) is word indexed.

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IP Issue Part [Word Indexed]
"4".ip.
 

The Issue/Part (IP) field contains the Issue Part for the record and is displayed in the Source (SO) field. This field is only populated for the Best Practice Information Sheets and the Systematic Reviews.

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IS ISSN [Phrase Indexed]
1838 2142.is.
 

The ISSN (IS) field contains the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN). This field is phrase indexed and is only populated in the Systematic Review records.

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JN Journal Name [Phrase Indexed]
the jbi library of systematic reviews.jn.
 

The Journal Name (JN) field contains the full journal name and is phrase indexed. This field is only populated in the Systematic Review and the Best Practice Information Sheet records.

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JX Journal Word [Word Indexed]
systematic.jx.
 

The Journal Word (JX) index contains individual words from the journal name field. This index displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

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KW Keywords [Phrase Indexed]
absconded patient.kw.
  The Keywords (KW) field contains keywords that have been assigned to a record.This field is phrase indexed and searchable in the MeSH Subject Headings (SH) index. It is searchable by word in the Heading Word (HW) index.
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OR Institution [Word Indexed]
adelaide.or.
 

The Institution (OR) field contains the author's affiliation contributing to the creation of the intellectual or artistic content of a work contained in the item or its realization.

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OV Overview [Word Indexed]
clinical.ov.
 

The Overview (OV) field contains a summary where available for Systematic Reviews. This can also be searched in the Text (TX) field.

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PB Publisher [Word Indexed]
publishing.pb.
 

The Publisher (PB) field contains the Publisher for the record.

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PG Pagination [Word Indexed]
supplement.pg.
 

The Pagination (PG) field contains the pagination information for the record and is displayed in the Source (SO) field.  This field is only populated for Best Practice Information Sheets and Systematic Reviews.

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PR Produced By [Word Indexed]
institute.pr.
 

The Produced By (PR) field contains the organization or the location where the record was produced.

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PT Publication Type [Phrase Indexed]
systematic review protocols.pt.
 

The Publication Type (PT) field contains one of the following indicating the type of
literature:
Best Practice Information Sheets
Evidence Summaries
Recommended Practices
Systematic Review Protocols
Systematic Reviews
Editorial
Letters to the Editor
Methodology

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RF References [Word Indexed]
bandages.rf.
 

The References (RF) field contains the reference information for the record.

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RP Recommended Practice [Word Indexed]
balneotherapy.rp.
 

The Recommended Practice (RP) field contains the recommended practice information for a record.  It is also searchable in the Text (TX) field.

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RY Review Text [Word Indexed]
005.ry.
 

The Review Text (RY) field contains the review text for Evidence Summaries.  This field is also searchable in the Text (TX) field.

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SA Subject Area Node [Phrase Indexed]
general medicine.sa.
 

The Subject Area Node (SA) field contains the subject area information for a record. Subject areas are similiar to categories. A record can have one or many subject areas assigned.

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SH MeSH Subject Headings [Phrase Indexed]
ablation techniques.sh.
 

The MeSH Subject Headings (SH) field contains the Medical Subject Headings used by indexers at the National Library of Medicine (NLM) to describe the content of an article. NLM's MeSH terms are organized in a hierarchy, or "tree" structure.

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SO Source (JN, JX, IP, PG, YR)
jbi database of systematic reviews & implementation reports.jn.
 

The Source (SO) field contains the journal name, volume, issue/part, pagination, and year of the Best Practice Information Sheets and the Systematic Reviews.

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SW Subject Area Node Word [Word Indexed]
 

The Subject Area Node Word (SW) field contains the subject area information for a record.

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TI Title [Word Indexed]
delirium.ti.
 

The Title (TI) field contains the title of the document. You can search for any word in this field.

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TX Text [Word Indexed]
000097466.tx.
 

The Text (TX) field contains the full text content from all records and is word searchable.

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YR Year of Publication [Word Indexed]
2011.yr.
 

The Year of Publication (YR) field contains the year the record was created or updated in the JBI database in YYYY format.

Back

 

Advanced Searching
You can use special search syntax listed below to combine search terms or strategically develop a search. Full documentation is provided in the Advanced Searching Techniques section of the Online Help.
Operator Syntax Search Example Sample Results
OR x or y assessment or diagnosis "Functional Assessment in Acute Care: Occupational Therapy."
  The OR operator retrieves records that contain any or all of the search terms. For example, the search heart attack or myocardial infarction retrieves results that contain the terms heart attack, myocardial infarction or both terms; results are all inclusive. You can use the OR operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
AND x and y assessment and diagnosis "Frostbite: Assessment and Diagnosis."
  The AND operator retrieves only those records that include all of the search terms. For example, the search blood pressure and stroke retrieves results that contain the term blood pressure and the term stroke together in the same record; results are exclusive of records that do not contain both of these terms. You can use the AND operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
NOT x not y management not care "Chemotherapy: Acute Hypersensitivity Reaction Management."
  The NOT operator retrieves records that contain the first search term and excludes the second search term. For example, the search health reform not health maintenance organizations retrieves only those records that contain the term health reform but excludes the term health maintenance organizations. In this way, you can use the NOT operator to restrict results to a specific topic.
You can use the NOT operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
Adjacency (ADJ) x y cardiac adj risk "Nurse-led interventions to reduce cardiac risk factors in adults."
  The Adjacent operator (ADJ) retrieves records with search terms next to each other in that specific order. You do not need to separate search terms manually by inserting ADJ between them, because when you separate terms with a space on the command line, Ovid automatically searches for the terms adjacent to one another. For example, the search blood pressure is identical to the search blood adj pressure.
Defined Adjacency (ADJn) x ADJn y adult adj3 health "A systematic review of the experiences of videoconference telepsychiatry for health professionals and adult mental health care users in public mental health services."
  The defined adjacency operator (ADJn) retrieves records that contain search terms within a specified number (n-1) of words from each other in any order (stop-words included). To use the adjacency operator, separate your search terms with ADJ and a number from 1 to 99 as explained below:

           ADJ1     Next to each other, in any order
           ADJ2     Next to each other, in any order, up to 1 word in between
           ADJ3     Next to each other, in any order, up to 2 words in between
           ADJ99   Next to each other, in any order, up to 98 words in between

For example, the search physician adj5 relationship retrieves records that contain the words physician and relationship with a maximum of four words in between in either direction. This particular search retrieves records containing such phrases as physician patient relationship, patient physician relationship, or relationship between cancer patient and physician.
Please note Ovid’s order of operation handles terms within parentheses first. Therefore it is recommended to apply the ADJn operator in one-on-one operations to avoid missing out on results. E.g. stroke adj4 (blood pressure or high blood pressure) could potentially miss out on some combinations of stroke with high blood pressure. The optimum way to execute this on Ovid is: (stroke adj4 blood pressure) OR (stroke adj4 high blood pressure).
Frequency (FREQ) x.ab./FREQ=n care.ab./freq=5 "Oral Hygiene Care for Adults with Dementia in Residential Aged Care Facilities (Public Release: 20th Nov 2004)."
  The frequency operator (FREQ) lets you specify a threshold of occurrence of a term in the records retrieved from your search. Records containing your search term are retrieved only if the term occurs at least the specified (n) number of times. In general, records that contain many instances of your search term are more relevant than records that contain fewer instances. The frequency operator is particularly useful when searching a text field, such as Abstract or Full Text, for a common word or phrase.
Unlimited Truncation ($) x$ brain$ "Intraoperative brain activity monitoring and post-anesthesia care length of stay: A systematic review."
  Unlimited truncation retrieves all possible suffix variations of the root word indicated. To apply unlimited truncation to a term, type the root word or phrase followed by either of the truncation characters: $ (dollar sign) or * (asterisk). For example, in the truncated search brain*, Ovid retrieves the word brain as well as the words brains, and more.
Limited Truncation ($) x$n systems$1 "Nursing Practice: Record Systems."
  Limited truncation specifies a maximum number of characters that may follow the root word or phrase. For example, the truncated search dog$1 retrieves results with the words dog and dogs; but it does not retrieve results with the word dogma.
Mandated Wildcard (#) xx#y wom#n "Breastfeeding and the Diabetic Woman."
  Searching with a mandated wildcard retrieves all possible variations of a word in which the wildcard is present in the specified place. You can use it at the end of a term to limit results to only those that contain the word plus the mandated character. For example, the search dog# retrieves results that contain the word dogs, but not those that contain the word dog, effectively limiting results to only those that contain the plural form of the word. The mandated wild card character (#) is also useful for retrieving specialized plural forms of a word. For example, the search wom#n retrieves results that contain both woman and women. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Optional Wildcard (?) xx?y car?e "Burn Wound Management: Primary Care Facility."
  The optional wild card character (?) can be used within or at the end of a search term to substitute for one or no characters. This wild card is useful for retrieving documents with British and American word variants since it specifies that you want retrieval whether or not the extra character is present. For example, the optional wild card search colo?r retrieves results that contain the words color or colour. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Literal String ("") "x / y" "Health/Care" "Effect of Organisational and Individual Factors on Health Care Professional's Compliance with Infection Control Guidelines in In-patient Settings (The)."
"n" "8".vo "A systematic review of the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions on quality of life (QoL) for adult vitiligo patients."
 

Quotation marks can be used to retrieve records that contain literal strings, when the string includes special characters, such as a forward slash (/).

Quotation marks can also be used to retrieve records that contain numbers that may otherwise be confused for earlier searches. In the example, a search for 3.vo would limit the string from your third search in your search history to the volume field. By including the number in quotation marks, the search will retrieve documents with a 3 in the volume number.

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Stopwords
The Ovid search engine applies so called "run-time stopword processing". This means the search engine on the fly ignores the stopwords: and, as, by, for, from, in, is, of, on, that, the, this, to, was, were & with.

Therefore a search: at risk for diabetes.ti will also find: at risk of diabetes. The distance of one word in between is kept, but the stopword "for" is ignored.

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Limits
The following limits are available for this database. See Database Limits in the Ovid Online Help for details on applying limits.

Limit

Syntax
Abstracts Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to abstracts
Command Syntax:..l/ ab=y
 

A limit to Abstracts will restrict retrieval to documents which include an abstract.

Publication Types Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to recommended practices
limit 1 to systematic reviews
 

A limit to a Publication Type will restrict retrieval to records containing the same Publication Type.

Publication Year Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to yr="2011 - 2012"
 

A limit to Publication Year will restrict retrieval to records with any year(s) covered in the database.

Subject Area Nodes Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to aged care
limit 1 to community health
 

A limit to a Subject Area Node will restrict retrieval to records containing the same Subject Area Node.

Year Published Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to last 5 years
 

A limit to Year Published will restrict retrieval to articles published within the last full number of years selected, and including the current year.

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Tools
The following Search Tools are available for this database. For specific information on using these tools, refer to the Ovid Online Help linked below.
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Changing to this Database
To change a search session to a segment of this database from another database or another segment, use the following syntax in the Ovid Syntax tab:
  Command Syntax: ..c/jbi
  Sentence Syntax: use jbi
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Sample Documents
Sample 1
Accession Number
  JBIES-20-00271
Author
  Silva, Rosa. Costa, Paulo. Bobrowicz-Campos, Elzbieta. Cardoso, Daniela. Apostolo, Joao.
Institution
  1. Universidade Catolica Portuguesa, School of Nursing, Porto, Portugal
  2. Portugal Centre for Evidence Based Practice: A JBI Centre of Excellence, Coimbra, Portugal
  3. Health Sciences Research Unit: Nursing, Nursing School of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
  4. Nursing School of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

Title
  Author response to Letter to the Editor.
Source
  JBI Evidence Synthesis. 18(8):1816-1817, August 2020.
ISSN  
  2202-4433.
DOI Number:	 
  http://dx.doi.org/10.11124/JBIES...
Publisher
  Lippincott Williams & Wilkins: Hagerstown, MD. 
Publication Type
  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
References  
  1. Silva R, Bobrowicz-Campos E, Cardoso D, Costa P, Couto F, Camarneiro AP, et al. Effects of caregiver-provided individual cognitive interventions on cognition, social 
  functioning and quality of life in older adults with major neurocognitive disorders: a systematic review. JBI Evid Synth. 2020; 18 (4):743-806.


  2. Leroi I, Vatter S, Carter L-A, Smith SJ, Orgeta V, Poliakoff E, et al. Parkinson's-adapted cognitive stimulation therapy: a pilot randomized controlled clinical trial.
  Ther Adv Neurol Disord.  2019; 12:1-20.


  3. McCormick SA, McDonald KR, Vatter S, Orgeta V, Poliakoff E, Smith S, et al. Psychosocial therapy for Parkinson's-related dementia: study protocol for the INVEST randomised 
  controlled trial BMJ Open. 2017; 7 (6):e016801.


  4. McCormick SA, McDonald K, Vatter S, Orgeta V, Poliakoff E, Smith S, et al. Psychosocial therapy for Parkinson's-related dementia: intervention development. Clin Interv Aging. 
  2017; 12:1779-1789.


  5. McCormick SA, Vatter S, Carter L-A, Smith SJ, Orgeta V, Poliakoff E, et al. Parkinson's-adapted cognitive stimulation therapy: feasibility and acceptability in Lewy body spectrum 
  disorders. J Neurol. 2019; 266 (7):1756-1770.


  6. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5). 5th ed. 2013; Arlington: American Psychiatric Association, 927.


  7. Silva R, Cardoso D, Abrunheiro S, Almeida M, Apostolo J. Effectiveness of caregiver-provided cognitive interventions on cognition, social functioning and quality of life among 
  older adults with  major neurocognitive disorder: a systematic review protocol. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2016; 14 (11):31-42.
Year of Publication
  2020

  
Sample 2
Accession Number
  JBI7368
Author
  Wound Healing and Management Node Group. Slade, Susan [BScApp (Physio), Grad Dip Manip Ther, M Musc Ther, PhD].
Title
  Wound Infection: Silver Products and Biofilms.
Publication Type
  Evidence Summaries.
Keywords
  Wound management; silver; silver sulphadiazine; biofilm
Subject Area Node
  Infection Control; Wound Healing and Management
References  
  1. Percival SL, E. K, Hill KE, Malic S, Thomas DW, Williams DW. Antimicrobial tolerance and the significance of persister cells 
  in recalcitrant chronic wound biofilms. Wound Repair Regen. 2011;19:1-9. (Level 5)

  
  2. Bjarnsholt T, Klaus Kirketerp-MAller K, Kristiansen S, Phipps R, Nielsen A, Jensen P, et al. Silver against Pseudomonas 
  aeruginosa biofilms. APMIS. 2007;115:921-928. (Level 5)

  
  3. Toy L, Macera L. Evidence-based review of silver dressing use on chronic wounds. J Am Acad Nurse Pract. 2011;
  23:183a"192. (Level 5)

  
  4. Hill K, Malic S, McKee R, Rennison T, Harding K, Williams D, et al. An in vitro model of chronic wound biofilms to test wound 
  dressings and assess antimicrobial susceptibilities. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2010;65(6):1195-1206. (Level 5)

  
  5. Kostenko V, Lyczak J, Turner K, Martinuzzi R. Impact of silver-containing wound dressings on bacterial biofilm viability and 
  susceptibility to antibiotics during prolonged treatment. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2010;54:5120a"5131. (Level 5)

  
  6. Australian Wound Management Association Inc. Standards for wound management. 2nd ed: AWMA; 2010. (Level 5)

  
  7. Beele H, Meuleneire F, Nahuys M, Percival S. A prospective randomised open label study to evaluate the potential of a new 
  silver alginate/carboxymethylcellulose antimicrobial wound dressing to promote wound healing. Int Wound J. 2010;
  7:262a"270. (Level 2)

  
  8. Akiyama H, Yamasaki O, Kanzaki H, Tada J, Arata J. Effects of sucrose and silver on Staphylococcus aureus biofilms. J 
  Antimicrob Chemother. 1998;42:629-634. (Level 5)

  
  9. Thorn R, Austin A, Greenman J, Wilkins J, Davis P. In vitro comparison of antimicrobial activity of iodine and silver dressings 
  against bioilms. J Wound Care. 2009;18:343-346. (Level 5)

  
  10. Wilkinson L, White R, Chipman J. Silver and nanoparticles of silver in wound dressings: a review of efficacy and safety. J 
  Wound Care. 2011;20:543-549. (Level 5)

  
  11. Teot L, Maggio G, Barrett S. The management of wounds using Silvercel hydroalginate. Wounds UK. 2005;1(2):70-77. 
  (Level 5)

  
  12. Rashaan ZM, Krijnen P, Klamer RRM, Schipper IB, Dekkers OM, Breederveld RS. Nonsilver treatment vs. silver 
  sulfadiazine in treatment of partial-thickness burn wounds in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Wound Repair 
  Regen 2014;22(4):473-482. (Level 1)

  
  13. Adhya A, Bain J, Ray O, Hazra A, Adhikari S, Dutta G, Ray S, Majumdar BK. Healing of burn wounds by topical treatment: A 
  randomized controlled comparison between silver sulfadiazine and nano-crystalline silver. J Basic Clin Pharm. 2014;
  6(1):29-34. (Level 1)

  
  14. Percival SL, McCarty SM. Silver and Alginates: Role in Wound Healing and Biofilm Control. Advances Wound Care. 2015; 
  4(7): 407-414. (Level 5)

  
  15. Heyneman A, Hoeksema H, Vandekerckhove D, Pirayesh A, Monstrey S. The role of silver sulphadiazine in the 
  conservative treatment of partial thickness burn wounds: A systematic review. Burns. 2016; 42(7):1377-1386. (Level 1)
  
Year of Publication
  2017

  
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