Health and Psychosocial Instruments Database Guide
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Health and Psychosocial Instruments provides ready access to information on measurement instruments (i.e., questionnaires, interview schedules, checklists, index measures, coding schemes/ manuals, rating scales, projective techniques, vignettes/scenarios, tests) in the health fields, psychosocial sciences, organizational behavior, and library and information science. HaPI assists researchers, practitioners, educators, administrators, and evaluators, including students, to identify measures needed for research studies, grant proposals, client/patient assessment, class papers/projects, theses/dissertations, and program evaluation. By creating an organized resource of previously unavailable measurement information, HaPI: (a) provides a means of locating a variety of instruments, (b) helps to reduce inefficiency and cost, and (c) eliminates duplication and "reinvention of the wheel."

Segments and Years of Coverage
Name Years of Coverage
HAPI 1985 - present

The limit of databases that you can select for a multifile search session is based upon database segments rather than actual databases. The Ovid multifile segment limit is set at 120 to avoid impacting your search sessions. This database includes 1 segment.

This database is updated online quarterly.

 

Fields
The following list is sorted alphabetically by field alias. Click a field name to see the description and search information.
All Fields in this Database
  Abstract (AB) Measure Descriptors (MD) Source (SO)
  Accession Number (AN) Notes Author (NA) Source Author (AU)
  Acronym (AC) Notes General (NG) Source Code (SX)
  All Searchable Fields (AF) Notes Title (NT) Source Title (TS)
  Analyst (AT) Number of Questions (NQ) Subscale/Factors (SF)
  Availability (AV) Pagination (PG) Subscale Titles (ST)
  Descriptors (DE) Publication Type (PT) Supported By (SB)
  Heading Word (HW) Readability Index (RI) Title (TI)
  Instrument Author (IA) References (RF) Title Phrase (TP)
  ISBN (IB) Reliability (RY) Translator/Adaptor (TA)
  ISSN (IS) Response Options (RO) Update Code (UP)
  Issue/Part (IP) Revision Date (RD) Validity (VA)
  Journal Name (JN) Sample Descriptors (SD) Volume (VO)
  Journal Word (JX) Sample Item (SI) Year (YR)
  Language (LG) Selected Statistics (SR)  
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Default Fields for Unqualified Searches (MP): Searching for a term without specifying a field in Advanced search, or specifying .mp., defaults to the following ‘multi-purpose’ (.mp.) fields for this database:ti,de,md,sd,ab.
  Abstract (AB) Descriptors (DE) Sample Descriptors (SD)
  Acronym (AC) Measure Descriptors (MD) Title (TI)
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Default Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: The following fields are included by default for each record.

  Accession Number (AN) Issue/Part (IP) Source Code (SX)
  Descriptors (DE) Sample Descriptors (SD) Title (TI)
  Instrument Author (IA) Source (SO) Update Code (UP)
  Measure Descriptors (MD) Source Code (SX) Year (YR)
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All Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: Use the Select Fields button in the Results Manager at the bottom of the Main Search Page to choose the fields for a record.

  Abstract (AB) Measure Descriptors (MD) Subscale/Factors (SF)
  Accession Number (AN) Notes Author (NA) Sample Item (SI)
  Acronym (AC) Notes General (NG) Source (SO)
  Analyst (AT) Notes Title (NT) Source Code (SX)
  Availability (AV) Number of Questions (NQ) Subscale Titles (ST)
  Descriptors (DE) References (RF) Title (TI)
  Instrument Author (IA) Response Options (RO) Update Code (UP)
  ISBN (IB) Reliability (RY) Validity (VA)
  ISSN (IS) Supported By (SB) Year (YR)
  Language (LG) Sample Descriptors (SD)  
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The following list is sorted alphabetically by the two-letter label, and includes the relevant alias, at least one example for all searchable fields, and a description of the field.
Label Name / Example
AB Abstract [Word Indexed]
violence.ab.
self report.ab.

 

The Abstract (AB) field contains information describing the purpose of a Primary Source instrument (i.e., what the instrument is attempting to assess). Occasionally, information may be presented about a Secondary or Translated Source instrument.
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AC

Acronym [Word Indexed]
aai.ac.

 

The Acronym (AC) field lists the acronym (abbreviation) for the measure, if one exists. If there is no acronym for an instrument, this field will not appear in the record.

Example for Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding:

Acronym BIDR

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AF

All Searchable Fields [Search Alias]
Parental-Caregiver.af.

 

All Fields (AF) is an alias for all of the fields which occur in the source documents, including value-added fields such as Source (SO)

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AN

Accession Number [Phrase Indexed]
1763.an.

 

The Accession Number (AN) field appears in every HaPI record, and is used to identify the record. Each record describing a specific instrument is assigned a unique number. Any specific record in the database can be retrieved with its accession number.
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AT

Analyst [Word Indexed]
staff.at.

 

The Analyst (AT) field indicates that the record has been prepared by members of the HaPI staff. This field is word indexed.
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AU

Source Author [Word and Phrase Indexed]
zyzanski.au.

 

The Source Author (AU) field contains the names of individual persons responsible for creation of the work represented by the record. If all authors are not included, the last name listed is followed by "et al."

The author names are entered into the index as they appeared in the original document, in the format of last name followed by first and middle names or up to two initials. Thus, a person named "James C. Smith" may appear as "Smith James C," "Smith J. Charles," "Smith J C" or "Smith J." Enter the last name, or if it is a common name, enter the last name, a space, and the first initial. If you are unsure of the spelling of the last name, enter one version and you will be able to scroll through the list of names to find other versions.

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AV

Availability [Word and Indexed]
we.av.
will.av.

  The Availability (AV) field contains details useful for obtaining the document or the full text. This may contain a web page address for online documents or an address for ordering. Web addresses are highlighted as a link.
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DE

Descriptors [Word and Phrase Indexed]
depression emotion.de.
evaluation.de.

 

The Descriptors (DE) field contains controlled vocabulary terms or subject headings from the Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms as well as the National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). Descriptors enable you to locate documents by assigned controlled vocabulary and are independent of the occurrence of specific words in any field. For example, the search arthritis.de. retrieves all documents about arthritis, although they might not specifically mention the word "arthritis."

As an alternative to searching with the field label (DE), you can browse and search for them directly from the index.

For a word indexed version of vocabulary searching, including Sample Descriptors and Measure Descriptors, use the Heading Word (HW) field.

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HW Heading Word [Word Indexed]
Adult.hw.
  The Heading Word (HW) field contains subject information from the Descriptors, Sample Descriptors, and Measure Descriptors fields.
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IA Instrument Author [Word and Phrase Indexed]
zyznaski j.ia.
 

The Instrument Author (IA) field lists the author(s) of the article which describes, mentions, or reviews the instrument listed in the Title (TI) field. Source Authors display in the Source (SO) field.

The author names are entered into the index, in the format of last name followed by first and middle names or up to two initials. Thus, a person named "James C. Smith" may appear as "Smith James C," "Smith J. Charles," "Smith J C" or "Smith J." Enter the last name, or if it is a common name, enter the last name, a space, and the first initial. If you are unsure of the spelling of the last name, enter one version and you will be able to scroll through the list of names to find other versions.

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IB ISBN [Phrase Indexed]
0-12-372564-X.ib.
  The ISBN (IB) field contains the International Standard Book Number (ISBN). These are unique identification numbers which are allocated, by publishers, to books and other non-serial publications.
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IP Issue/Part [Word Indexed]
supplement.ip.
  The Issue/Part (IP) field contains the number assigned to a particular issue of a journal. This field is word indexed and displays as part of the Source (SO) field.
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IS ISSN [Phrase Indexed]
1234-5678.is.
  The ISSN (IS) field contains the International Standard Serial Number and is a unique number identifying serial publications such as journals and some series. The ISSN consists of two groups of four digits in Arabic numerals, except possibly for the last, check digit, which may be an X. This conformity makes it easy to search for ISSNs, which can be entered with or without the hyphen between the two groups of four characters. It appears as an 8 digit number, separated by a hyphen: 0028-4793.
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JN Journal Name [Phrase Indexed]
youth society.jn.
  The Journal Name (JN) index contains the full name of the journal in which the article was published and is displayed in the Source (SO) field. Journal names are indexed as phrases, so enter enough letters of the journal name to locate the name in the index: acta obst (for Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica).
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JX Journal Word [Word Indexed]
youth.jx.
  The Journal Word (JX) field offers a word indexed version of journal names. Journal names display as part of the Source (SO) field.
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LG Language [Phrase Indexed]
german.lg.
  The Language (LG) field indicates the language in which respondents/participants/subjects described in the Source (SO) article completed the questionnaire, interview, survey, task, etc.
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MD Measure Descriptors [Phrase Indexed]
Employee Attitudes.md.
 

The HaPI database indexes an instrument in terms of two types of descriptor terms: (a) Measure Descriptors and (b) Sample Descriptors. Measure Descriptors describe the nature and the meaning of an instrument. Measure Descriptor terms are indicated by an asterisk following the term.

Example: Measure Descriptors Employee Attitudes*. Organizational Commitment*. Personnel Loyalty*.

The Measure Descriptors (MD) field is phrase indexed. Sample Descriptors, which describe the respondents to whom the instrument was administered in the Source article, can be searched separately in the SD field, which is also phrase indexed. Both Sample and Measure Descriptor terms are also searchable in the Heading Word (HW) index.

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NA Notes Author [Word Indexed]
the.na.
 

The Notes Author (NA) field is only used when author(s) of a given instrument are not clearly designated. In these cases, one of the following statements is provided in the Notes Author field:

HaPI attributes authorship of the instrument to the authors of the Source.

HaPI attributes authorship of the instrument to the authors of the Reference.

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NG Notes General [Word Indexed]
American Cancer Society.ng.
  The Notes General (NG) field is word indexed.
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NQ

Number of Questions [Word Indexed]
"12".nq.

 

The Number of Questions (NQ) field is only used for Primary Source instruments. This field provides the number of questions or items contained in the instrument. This field is word indexed.
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NT Notes Title [Word Indexed]
version.nt.
  The Notes Title (NT) field is used only when the instrument was not assigned an explicit title by the authors of the Source (SO) article. In these cases, the HaPI Staff creates a title for the instrument and the following statement is provided in the Notes Title (NT) field. Instrument appears untitled in Source -- Title assigned by HaPI Staff.
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PG Pagination [Word Indexed]
998.pg.
  The Pagination (PG) field consists of the inclusive pagination of the item and is word indexed. This field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.
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PT Publication Type [Word Indexed]
  The Publication Type (PT) field defines the type of document to which the bibliographic record refers.
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RD

Revision Date [Phrase Indexed]

 

The Revision Date (RD) field contains the issue (year, and month). The RD field appears in the format YYYYMM.
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RF

References [Word Indexed]
zz.rf.

 

The References (RF) field is used to cite reference(s) related to the given instrument. References follow APA style.
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RI Readability Index [Word Index]
Five response categories.ri.
  The Readability Index (RI) field is word indexed.
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RO Response Options [Word Index]
strongly agree.ro.
 

The Response Options (RO) field provides information about the item format used in the instrument to respond to individual items or questions.

Example: Response Options Items are rated on a 5-point Likert-type scale ranging from (1) "not at all true" to (5) "very true"

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RY

Reliability [Word Indexed]
internal consistency.ry.

 

The Reliability (RY) field is used only for Primary Source instruments and provides information about a Primary Source instrument's reliability.

Example: Reliability Coefficient alpha reliability = .85 (N=301)

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SX

Source Code [Phrased Indexed]
secondary source.sx.

 

The Source Code (SX) field indicates whether the instrument that was administered to participants in the Source article is a Primary Source, Secondary Source, Translated Source, Publishers Catalog, or Review Source measure.

Source codes and their meanings include:

  Compendium Source   Information from an instrument collection, such as Test Critiques and handbooks on instruments for a certain topic. These records often indicate whether reliability and validity information is included in the source.
  Primary Source   Resources that contain the test, including when it is appended to a journal article that describes a study using the test. Original source where instrument was published.
  Publisher's Catalog   Information derived from the publisher's catalog, including the publisher's address and contact information.
  Review Source   Information about articles that use an instrument; information from a review source such as Mental Measurements Yearbook and journal articles that review instruments; these records do not indicate whether reliability and validity information is included in the source.
  Secondary Source   Describes literature that does not include the entire instrument. It can include articles that describe how the test was used, outcomes, and more, as well as some level of detail about the test or measure, such as sample questions.
  Translated Source   Information about instruments translated into other languages from their original language.

 

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SB Supported By [Word Indexed]
support and vision of.sb.
  The Supported By (SB) field is used to acknowledge support and/or funding from external agencies or companies.
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SD Sample Descriptors [Phrase Indexed]
age.sd.
 

The HaPI database indexes an instrument in terms of two types of descriptor terms: (a) Measure Descriptors and (b) Sample Descriptors. Sample Descriptors describe the respondents (i.e., participants or subjects) to whom the instrument was administered in the Source article.

Example: Sample Descriptors Adult. Adulthood. Female. Human Females. Health Personnel. United States. Working Women.

The Sample Descriptors (SD) field is phrase indexed. Measure Descriptors, which describe the nature and meaning of an instrument, can be searched separately in the MD field, which is also phrase indexed. Both Sample and Measure Descriptor terms are also searchable in the Heading Word (HW) index. Field Guide

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SF Subscales/Factors [Word Indexed]
fantasy.sf.
 

The Subscales/Factors (SF) field is used only for Primary Source instruments. This field lists subscales, factors, or dimensions of a Primary Source instrument, if there are any.

Example for Interpersonal Reactivity Index: Subscales/Factors Empathetic Concern. Fantasy. Personal Distress. Perspective-Taking.

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SI Sample Items [Word Indexed]
your.si.
 

The Sample Items (SI) field is used only for Primary Source instruments. This field lists actual sample items from the instrument.

Example for Work-Family Conflict Scale:

Sample Items "The demands of my work interfere with my home and family life." "The amount of time my job takes up makes it difficult to fulfill family responsibilities."

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SO

Source [Word Indexed]
comprehensive psychiatry.so.

 

The Source (SO) field contains the complete citation (using APA style) of the article which describes, mentions, or reviews the instrument listed in the Title (TI) field. This field contains includes all the basic information needed to locate a record: author (s) of the article (AU), year in which the article or report was published (YR), title of publication, book title, or report (TS), name of journal (JN) or book, volume (VO), issue/part number (IP), and pagination (PG). Some source information can be searched separately in JN, VO, IP, YR, and/or PG. Book, report, and non-article source data must be searched in SO, which is word indexed. In addition to journal articles and book chapters, the source might be a conference paper, technical report, unpublished manuscript, doctoral dissertation, etc.
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SR Selected Statistics [Word Indexed]
treatment.sr.
  The Selected Statistics (SR) field is word indexed.
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ST

Subscale Titles [Word Indexed]
x.st.

 

The Subscale Titles (ST) field contains the name(s) of the individual elements measured in the test.
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TA Translator/Adaptor [Phrase Indexed]
Folstein, M. F.ta.
  The Translator/Adaptor (TA) field is used when information is available regarding the developer(s) of a translated version of an instrument. Specifically, when available, the name(s) of the researcher(s) who translated or adapted the instrument will be listed in this field.
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TI

Title [Word Indexed]
beck depression inventory.ti.

 

The Title (TI) field contains the English language version of the instrument title and is word indexed. To browse or search complete instrument titles, use the Title Phrase (TP) index.

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TP Title Phrase [Word Indexed]
zygosity questionnaire.tp.
  The Title Phrase (TP) field contains the English language version of the instrument title and is phrase indexed. Instrument titles can also be searched in the Title (TI) field.
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TS Source Title [Word Indexed]
zutphen.ts.
  The Source Title (TS) field contains the article or record title that appears in the Source (SO) field, as opposed to the Title (TI) field which contains the name of the instrument.
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UP

Update Code [Phrase Indexed]
200803.up.

 

The Update Code (UP) field appears in all HaPI records and contains the date the record was released into the HaPI database. It is sometimes referred to as "Entry Month."

Examples:

199809

199903

It consists of 6 digits, in YYYYMM format, where YYYY is the release year, MM is the release month. The HaPI database is updated on a quarterly schedule.

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VA

Validity [Word Indexed]
criterion y.va.

 

The Validity (VA) field is word indexed and contains information regarding testing instrument effectiveness.

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VO Volume [Word Indexed]
98.vo.
  The Volume (VO) field contains volume information for the article, essay, issue, or review described in the record. It is word indexed and displays as part of the Source (SO) field.
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YR

Year [Phrase Indexed]
1989.yr.

 

The Year (YR) field contains the year in which a document was published. The year may be searched using four digits, such as 1994.
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Advanced Searching
You can use special search syntax listed below to combine search terms or strategically develop a search. Full documentation is provided in the Advanced Searching Techniques section of the Online Help.
Operator Syntax Search Example
OR x or y vitamin c or ascorbic acid

 

The OR operator retrieves records that contain any or all of the search terms. For example, the search heart attack or myocardial infarction retrieves results that contain the terms heart attack, myocardial infarction or both terms; results are all inclusive. You can use the OR operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
AND x and y sports and violence

 

The AND operator retrieves only those records that include all of the search terms. For example, the search blood pressure and stroke retrieves results that contain the term blood pressure and the term stroke together in the same record; results are exclusive of records that do not contain both of these terms. You can use the AND operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
NOT x not y domestic violence not sports

 

The NOT operator retrieves records that contain the first search term and excludes the second search term. For example, the search health reform not health maintenance organizations retrieves only those records that contain the term health reform but excludes the term health maintenance organizations. In this way, you can use the NOT operator to restrict results to a specific topic.
You can use the NOT operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
Adjacency (ADJ) x y television violence

 

The Adjacent operator (ADJ) retrieves records with search terms next to each other in that specific order. You do not need to separate search terms manually by inserting ADJ between them, because when you separate terms with a space on the command line, Ovid automatically searches for the terms adjacent to one another. For example, the search blood pressure is identical to the search blood adj pressure.
Defined Adjacency (ADJn) x ADJn y

violence adj5 sex

 

The defined adjacency operator (ADJn) retrieves records that contain search terms within a specified number (n-1) of words from each other in any order (stop-words included). To use the adjacency operator, separate your search terms with ADJ and a number from 1 to 99 as explained below:

           ADJ1     Next to each other, in any order
           ADJ2     Next to each other, in any order, up to 1 word in between
           ADJ3     Next to each other, in any order, up to 2 words in between
           ADJ99   Next to each other, in any order, up to 98 words in between

For example, the search physician adj5 relationship retrieves records that contain the words physician and relationship with a maximum of four words in between in either direction. This particular search retrieves records containing such phrases as physician patient relationship, patient physician relationship, or relationship between cancer patient and physician.
Please note Ovid’s order of operation handles terms within parentheses first. Therefore it is recommended to apply the ADJn operator in one-on-one operations to avoid missing out on results. E.g. stroke adj4 (blood pressure or high blood pressure) could potentially miss out on some combinations of stroke with high blood pressure. The optimum way to execute this on Ovid is: (stroke adj4 blood pressure) OR (stroke adj4 high blood pressure).
Frequency (FREQ) x.ab./FREQ=n

blood.ab. /freq=5

 

The frequency operator (FREQ) lets you specify a threshold of occurrence of a term in the records retrieved from your search. Records containing your search term are retrieved only if the term occurs at least the specified (n) number of times. In general, records that contain many instances of your search term are more relevant than records that contain fewer instances. The frequency operator is particularly useful when searching a text field, such as Abstract or Full Text, for a common word or phrase.
Unlimited Truncation ($) x$

rat$

 

Unlimited truncation retrieves all possible suffix variations of the root word indicated. To apply unlimited truncation to a term, type the root word or phrase followed by either of the truncation characters: $ (dollar sign) or * (asterisk). For example, in the truncated search rat*, Ovid retrieves the word rat as well as the words rats, and more.
Limited Truncation ($) x$n

dog$1

 

Limited truncation specifies a maximum number of characters that may follow the root word or phrase. For example, the truncated search dog$1 retrieves results with the words dog and dogs; but it does not retrieve results with the word dogma.
Mandated Wildcard (#) xx#y

wom#n

 

Searching with a mandated wildcard retrieves all possible variations of a word in which the wildcard is present in the specified place. You can use it at the end of a term to limit results to only those that contain the word plus the mandated character. For example, the search dog# retrieves results that contain the word dogs, but not those that contain the word dog, effectively limiting results to only those that contain the plural form of the word. The mandated wild card character (#) is also useful for retrieving specialized plural forms of a word. For example, the search wom#n retrieves results that contain both woman and women. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Optional Wildcard (?) xx?y colo?r

 

The optional wild card character (?) can be used within or at the end of a search term to substitute for one or no characters. This wild card is useful for retrieving documents with British and American word variants since it specifies that you want retrieval whether or not the extra character is present. For example, the optional wild card search colo?r retrieves results that contain the words color or colour. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Literal String ("") "x / y"

"black/white"

"n"

"3".vo

 

Quotation marks can be used to retrieve records that contain literal strings, when the string includes special characters, such as a forward slash (/).

Quotation marks can also be used to retrieve records that contain numbers that may otherwise be confused for earlier searches. In the example, a search for 3.vo would limit the string from your third search in your search history to the volume field. By including the number in quotation marks, the search will retrieve documents with a 3 in the volume number.

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Stopwords

The Ovid search engine applies so called "run-time stopword processing". This means the search engine on the fly ignores the stopwords: and, as, by, for, from, in, is, of, on, that, the, this, to, was, were & with.

Therefore a search: at risk for diabetes.ti will also find: at risk of diabetes. The distance of one word in between is kept, but the stopword "for" is ignored.

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Limits
The following limits are available for this database. See Database Limits in the Ovid Online Help for details on applying limits.

Limit

Syntax

Primary Source

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to primary source
  Resources that contain the test, including when it is appended to a journal article that describes a study using the test. Original source where instrument was published.
Secondary Source Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to secondary source
  Describes literature that does not include the entire instrument. It can include articles that describe how the test was used, outcomes, and more, as well as some level of detail about the test or measure, such as sample questions.
Translated Source Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to translated source
  Information about instruments translated into other languages from their original language.
Review Source Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to review source
  Information about articles that use an instrument; information from a review source such as Mental Measurements Yearbook and journal articles that review instruments; these records do not indicate whether reliability and validity information is included in the source
Compendium Source Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to compendium source
  Information from an instrument collection, such as Test Critiques and handbooks on instruments for a certain topic. These records often indicate whether reliability and validity information is included in the source.
Publisher’s Catalog Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to publisher's catalog
  Information derived from the publisher's catalog, including the publisher's address and contact information.
Update Code Command Syntax: ..l/2 up=200803
  A limit to update code retrieves records from the specified update only.

Ovid Full Text Available

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to ovid full text available
  A limit to Ovid Full Text Available restricts retrieval to records that contain a link to the full text of an article.
Full Text Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to full text
  A limit to Full Text will result in only those records that have links to full text. Both Ovid full text and external full text are included in this limit.
Latest Update Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to latest update
  New documents are added to HaPI quarterly. A limit to Latest Update will restrict retrieval to documents which were most recently added to the database.
Local Holdings Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to local holdings
  A limit to local holdings will restrict retrieval to documents from journals held in your local library or library system. If your System Administrator has created any special messages about a journal's availability, this message will display with the document in the Local Holdings (LH) field.
Abstracts Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to abstracts
  A limit to Abstracts will restrict retrieval to documents which include an abstract.
Publication Year Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to yr="2004" or limit 1 to yr="2004-2006"
 

A limit to Publication Year restricts retrieval to records between the selected dates. Use the dropdown lists to select a range of years.

BMDS Availability Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to bmds availability
  The limit to BMDS Availability restricts results to instruments that are available from Behavioral Measurement Database Services (BDMS).
English Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to english
  A limit to English restricts retrieval to instruments described in the source article that were administered in English
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Changing to this Database
To change a search session to a segment of this database from another database or another segment, use the following syntax in the Ovid Syntax tab:
  Command Syntax: ..c/hapi
  Sentence Syntax: use hapi
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Sample Documents
Sample 1
Accession Number
  61099
Title
  Headache Diary
Instrument Author
  Blanchard, E. B.;  Andrasik, F.
Source Code
  Secondary Source 
Source
   Blanchard, E. B., Nicholson, N. L., Taylor, A. E., Steffek, B. D.,   
 Radnitz, C. L., & Appelbaum, K. A. (1991). The role of regular home   
 practice in the relaxation treatment of tension headache. Journal of   
Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59, 467-470. 
Descriptors
  Adult
  Adults
  Drug Therapy
  Headache
  Pain
  Pain Management
Language
 English
Notes Title
 Instrument appears untitled in Source--Title assigned by HaPI Staff.
References
  Blanchard, E.  B., & Andraski, F.  (1985).  Management of chronic
  headache: A psychological approach.  Elmsford, NY: Pergamon Press.
Analyst
  HaPI Staff.
Year
1991
Update Code
 200803
Sample 2
Accession Number
  17960
Title
  Past Feelings and Acts of Violence Scale.
Instrument Author
  Plutchik, Robert;  van Praag, Herman M.
Source Code
 Primary Source
Source
  Plutchik, R., & van Praag, H. M. (1990).  A self-report measure of
  violence risk, II.  Comprehensive Psychiatry, 31, 450-456.
Abstract
  The Past Feelings and Acts of Violence Scale (PFAV Scale) is
  designed  to measure respondents' risk of violence.  Items focus on
  feelings of  anger and acts of violence against others.  Respondents
  are asked  whether they have beaten strangers or members of their
  family,  whether they lose their temper easily, whether they carry
  and use  weapons, whether they have been arrested, and so forth.
  The PFAV is  a self-report questionnaire and contains 4-point
  Likert-type scales  ranging from "never" to "very often. " Sample
  items are: "Do you  find that you get angry for no reason at all?";
  "Have you ever hit or  attacked someone who is not a member of your
  family?"; and "Are  weapons easily accessible to you?" Also
  available is a longer 36-item  version, the Feelings and Acts of
  Violence Scale (FAV).
Descriptors
  Anger
  Crime
  Violence-Weapons
Language
 English
Number of Questions
  12.

References
  REFERENCES: Apter, A., Plutchik, R., Sevy, S., Korn, M., Brown, S.,
  & van Praag, H. (1989). Defense mechanisms in risk of suicide and
  risk of violence. American Journal of Psychiatry, 146, 1027-1031


  Plutchik, R., & van Praag, H. (1989). The measurement of
  suicidality, aggressivity and impulsivity. Progress
  Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 13, S23-S34


  Plutchik, R., van Praag, H. M., & Conte, Hope R. (1989). Correlates
  of suicide and violence risk: III. A two-stage model of
  countervailing forces. Psychiatry Research, 28, 215-225.
Analyst
  HaPI Staff.
Year
 1991
Update Code
 200803
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