Drug Reference Guide (Martindale) Database Guide
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[email protected] Topic-based supplemental guides, of which this Drug Reference is the first, help users to understand fields specific to a particular subset of books on a given subject matter.

The Drug Reference supplemental guide allows users to search fields specific to drugs, such as interactions, precautions, and indications.

Currently, the Drug Reference supplemental guide includes fields from Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference.

 

 

Fields
The following list is sorted alphabetically by field alias. Click a field name to see the description and search information.
All Fields in this Database
  Action or Resistance (AR) Drug Name (DR) Martindale Treatment of Adverse Effects (TR)
  Active Ingredients (IG) Drug Name Synonyms (DS ) Martindale Uses and Administration (UA)
  Adjuvant Ingredients (AV ) Drug Official Names (ON) Molecular Weight (MW)
  ATC Code (AC) Indications (IC) Read Code (RC)
  CAS Registry Number (RN) Martindale Adverse Effects (AE) Synonyms (SY)
  Country of Manufacture (CY ) Martindale Interactions (IT) Units (UN)
  Dependence (DX) Martindale Manufacturer Information (MI) Withdrawal (WI)
  Dose Form (DF) Martindale Pharmacokinetics (PK) Withdrawal and Dependence (WD)
  Drug Definition and Descriptions (RX ) Martindale Precautions (PC )  
  Drug Manufacturer (MF) Martindale Preparations (PE)  
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Fields Searched from Command-Line Only
  Action or Resistance (AR) Drug Definition and Descriptions (RX) Molecular Weight (MW)
  Adjuvant Ingredients (AV) Drug Manufacturer (MF) Read Code (RC)
  ATC Code (AC) Drug Name (DR) Synonyms (DN, DS, ON)
  CAS Registry Number (RN) Drug Name Synonyms (DS) Units (UN)
  Country of Manufacture (CY) Drug Official Names (ON) Withdrawal (WI)
  Dependence (DX) Indications (IC) Withdrawal and Dependence (DX, WI)
  Dose Form (DF) Active Ingredients (IG)      
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Fields Searched from the Search Fields Page
  Martindale Adverse Effects (AE) Martindale Pharmacokinetics (PK) Martindale Treatment of Adverse Effects (TR)
  Martindale Interactions (IT) Martindale Precautions (PC) Martindale Uses and Administration (UA)
  Martindale Manufacturer Information (MI) Martindale Preparations (PE)      
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Passage Excerpt Fields
 

Passage Excerpt Fields retrieve text from within the book. Results from such searches link to spans of text within the retrieved book. Note that results from full text field searches will include chapter, author, and/or chapter title, and/or passage.

All fields listed in this supplemental guide are also Passage Excerpt Fields.

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The following list is sorted alphabetically by the two-letter label, and includes the relevant alias, at least one example for all searchable fields, and a description of the field.
Label Name / Example
AC ATC Code [Word Indexed]
R03DA09.ac.
 

The ATC Code (AC) field contains codes from the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification, where available, for each monograph substance for reference to other information systems.

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

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AE Martindale Adverse Effects [Word Indexed]
headache.ae.
 

The Martindale Drug Adverse Effects (AE) field contains information on the adverse effects of the monograph substance that may occur following its use or abuse. This section is sometimes amalgamated with the Treatment of Adverse Effects and Precautions sections where it is more convenient and concise to discuss these aspects together.

This field can be searched from the command line or the Search Fields Page.

Stopwords, such as "the" and "of" are not searchable.

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AR Action or Resistance [Word Indexed]
bactericidal.ar.
 

The Action or Resistance (AR) field contains information about the action of a drug and the problems associated with resistance. This field is mainly included in monographs on drugs used in the treatment of microbial infections.

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

Stopwords, such as "the" and "of" are not searchable.

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AV Adjuvant Ingredients [Word Indexed]
lidocaine.av.
 

The Adjuvant Ingredients (AV) field contains all searchable words from the Adjuvant Ingredient section of a Drug Preparation Record found in the Preparations sub-section of Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference . Adjuvant Ingredients are active substances included for reason of formulation or safety.

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

Stopwords, such as "the" and "of" are not searchable.

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CY

Country of Manufacture [Phrase Indexed]
mexico.cy.

 

The Country of Manufacture (CY) field includes the country of manufacture or source of supply for drug preparations as indicated in the Preparations sub-section of Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference.  

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

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DF Dose Form [Phrase Indexed]
thread.df.
 

The Dose Form (DF) field in Preparations records contains dosage information. It is included only where necessary to distinguish products with the same name but differing active ingredients in the different dosage forms.

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

Stopwords, such as "the" and "of" are not searchable.

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DR Drug Name [Phrase Indexed]
Tandospirone Citrate.dr.
 

The Drug Name (DR) field contains the complete name or code by which individual drug monograph records are titled.

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

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DS Drug Name Synonyms [Phrase Indexed]
EN-141.ds.
EN-141.sy.
 

The Drug Synonyms (DS) field contains drug synonym names as provided in the Drug Synonyms. This field is also searched in Drug Synonym Names (SY).

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

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DX Dependence [Phrase Indexed]
Marijuana.dx.
 

The Dependence (DX) field contains a discussion of the problems of dependence on drugs such as analgesics, anxiolytic sedatives, hypnotics, and antipsychotics and the appropriate schedules for drug withdrawal. This section is usually amalgamated with the Withdrawal section where it is more convenient and concise to discuss these aspects together.

This field is also searched in Withdrawal and Dependence (WD).

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

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IC Indications [Word Indexed]
psoriasis.ic.
 

The Indications (IC) field in Preparations records contains a guide to the licensed uses of the preparation. The uses are given in broad terms and are intended only to provide an indication of the general nature of the conditions for which a particular preparation is employed.

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

Stopwords, such as "the" and "of" are not searchable.

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IG Active Ingredients [Phrase Indexed]
caffeine.ig.
 

The Active Ingredients (IG) field in Preparations records contains a list of the ingredients of the preparation considered to contribute to its licensed uses.

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

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IT Martindale Interactions [Word Indexed]
digoxin.it.
 

The Martindale Drug Interactions (IT) field contains information on drug-drug, drug-herb, and drug-food interactions that are considered to be of clinical significance.

This field can be searched from the command line or the Search Fields Page.

Stopwords, such as "the" and "of" are not searchable.

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MF Drug Manufacturer [Phrase Indexed]
septodont.mf.
 

The Drug Manufacturer (MF ) field contains the manufacturer name s of drug preparations as listed in the Preparations sub-section of Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference.

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

Stopwords, such as "the" and "of" are not searchable.

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MI Martindale Manufacturer Information [Word Indexed]
wakefield.mi.
 

The Martindale Drug Manufacturer Information (MI) field contains names and addresses of manufacturers or distributors of the products included in the Preparations sub-section, and other contact details such as telephone and fax numbers, e-mail addresses, and website URLs where available.

This field can be searched from the command line or the Search Fields Page.

Stopwords, such as "the" and "of" are not searchable.

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MW Molecular Weight [Word Indexed]
"100.0".mw.
 

The Molecular Weight (MW) field contains the molecular weight as listed, the values are corrected to one place of decimals or to four significant figures for relative weights of less than 100.

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

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ON Drug Official Names [Phrase Indexed]
Orgotein.on.
 

The Drug Official Name (ON ) field contains generic drug names, including US, British, and international approved names. This field is also searched in Drug Synonym Names (SY).

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

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PC Martindale Precautions [Word Indexed]
nephropathic cystinosis.pc.
 

The Martindale Drug Precautions (PC) field contains discussions of the precautions for, and contra-indications to, the administration of the monographs substance. This section is sometimes amalgamated with the Adverse Effects sections where it is more convenient and concise to discuss these aspects together.

This field can be searched from the command line or the Search Fields Page.

Stopwords, such as "the" and "of" are not searchable.

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PE Martindale Preparations [Word Indexed]
abadox.pe.
 

The Martindale Drug Preparations (PE) field contains information about the proprietary name, manufacturer or distributor, active ingredients, and a summary of the indications of preparations available in a range of countries throughout the world and descriptions of official preparations from the European, UK, and UK pharmacopoeias.

This field can be searched from the command line or the Search Fields Page.

Stopwords, such as "the" and "of" are not searchable.

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PK Martindale Pharmacokinetics [Word Indexed]
dephosphorylated.pk.
 

The Martindale Pharmacokinetics (PK) field contains a brief summary of the pharmacokinetic properties of the monograph substance and may include information on bioavailability, distribution, half-life, metabolism, and excretion.

This field can be searched from the command line or the Search Fields Page.

Stopwords, such as "the" and "of" are not searchable.

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RC Read Code [Word Indexed]
y030F.rc.

 

The Read Codes (RC) field includes Drug Read Codes.

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

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RN CAS Registry Number [Word Indexed]
"471-34-31".rn.
 

CAS Registry Numbers (RN) field contains Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) registry numbers that are provided in Drug Monograph sections.

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

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RX Drug Definition and Descriptions [Word Indexed]
decomposition.rx.
 

The Drug Definition s and Description s (RX) field contains information on the pharmaceutics of the monograph substance, such as stability and incompatibility.

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

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SY Synonyms (DR, ON, DS) [Word Indexed]
 

The Synonyms (SY) field searches Drug Name (DR), Drug Name Synonyms (DS), and Drug Official Names (ON).

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

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TR Martindale Treatment of Adverse Effects [Word Indexed]
poisoning.tr.
 

The Martindale Treatment of Adverse Effects (TR) field contains a general overview of the techniques involved in the management of toxicity due to the monograph substance. This section is sometimes amalgamated with the Adverse Effects section where it is more convenient and concise to discuss these aspects together.

This field can be searched from the command line or the Search Fields Page.

Stopwords, such as "the" and "of" are not searchable.

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UA Martindale Uses and Administration [Word Indexed]
dosage.ua.
 

The Martindale Uses and Administration (UA) field contains information on the therapeutic uses of the monograph substance, including dosage and a summary of its actions where available.

This field can be searched from the command line or the Search Fields Page.

Stopwords, such as "the" and "of" are not searchable.

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UN Units [Word Indexed]
bovine.un.
 

The Drug Units (UN) field contains definitions of standard units (often International Units) where these may be used to define doses.

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

Stopwords, such as "the" and "of" are not searchable.

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WD Withdrawal and Dependence [Word Indexed]
opiate.wd.
 

The Withdrawal and Dependence (WD) field containsa discussion of the problems of dependence to drugs such as analgesics, anxiolytic sedatives, hypnotics, and antipsychotics and the appropriate schedules for drug withdrawal.

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

This field searches the Withdrawal (WI) and Dependence (DX) fields.

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WI Withdrawal [Word Indexed]
opiate.wi.
 

The Withdrawal (WI) field contains a discussion of the problems associated with and the appropriate schedules for drug withdrawal. This section is sometimes amalgamated with the Adverse Effects and Precautions sections or with Dependence sections where it is more appropriate to discuss these aspects together.

This field is also searched in Withdrawal and Dependence (WD).

This field can only be searched from the command line; it does not appear on the Search Fields Page.

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Advanced Searching
You can use special search syntax to combine search terms or strategically develop a search.
Operator Syntax Search Example Sample Results
OR x or y

vitamin c or ascorbic acid {in Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference (35th Edition)}

"Several substances have vitamin C activity, notably ascorbic acid and its calcium and sodium salts."

 

The OR operator retrieves records that contain any or all of the search terms. For example, the search heart attack or myocardial infarction retrieves results that contain the terms heart attack, myocardial infarction or both terms; results are all inclusive. You can use the OR operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
AND x and y

HPV and cancer {in Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference (35th Edition)}

"recombinant human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine, prepared from purified virus-like particles of the capsid protein L1"

 

The AND operator retrieves only those records that include all of the search terms. For example, the search blood pressure and stroke retrieves results that contain the term blood pressure and the term stroke together in the same record; results are exclusive of records that do not contain both of these terms. You can use the AND operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
NOT x not y

autism not aspergers {in Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference (35th Edition)}

"Autism is an early-onset, severe, and sustained developmental disorder of social ability, communication, and repetitive behaviors."

 

The NOT operator retrieves records that contain the first search term and excludes the second search term. For example, the search health reform not health maintenance organizations retrieves only those records that contain the term health reform but excludes the term health maintenance organizations. In this way, you can use the NOT operator to restrict results to a specific topic.
You can use the NOT operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
Adjacency (ADJ) x y

cervical cancer HPV {in Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference (35th Edition)}

"The peak incidence of HPV infection is in the 20s and 30s, and the incidence of cervical cancer increase from the 20s to a plateau between ages 40 and 50."

 

The Adjacent operator (ADJ) retrieves records with search terms next to each other.You do not need to separate search terms manually by inserting ADJ between them, because when you separate terms with a space on the command line, Ovid automatically searches for the terms adjacent to one another. For example, the search blood pressure is identical to the search blood adj pressure.
Defined Adjacency (ADJn) x ADJn y

cancer adj3 HPV {in Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference (35th Edition)}

"HPV-Induced Dysplasias and Cancers"

 

The defined adjacency operator (ADJn) retrieves records that contain search terms within a specified number (n) of words from each other in any order. To use the adjacency operator, separate your search terms with ADJ and a number from 1 to 99. For example, the search physician adj5 relationship retrieves records that contain the words physician and relationship within five words of each other in either direction. This particular search retrieves records containing such phrases as physician patient relationship, patient physician relationship, or relationship of the physician to the patient.
Unlimited Truncation ($) x$

rat$.mp. and martindale.m_book.

"Ratiopharm (Port.) Ratiopharm, Lda."

 

Unlimited truncation retrieves all possible suffix variations of the root word indicated. To apply unlimited truncation to a term, type the root word or phrase followed by either of the truncation characters: $ (dollar sign) or : (colon). For example, in the truncated search disease$, Ovid retrieves the word disease as well as the words diseases, diseased, and more.
Limited Truncation ($) x$n

dog$1 and martindale.m_book.

"of various Rosa species, in particular the dog rose, R. canina, are used as a source of vitamin C"

 

Limited truncation specifies a maximum number of characters that may follow the root word or phrase. For example, the truncated search dog$1 retrieves results with the words dog and dogs; but it does not retrieve results with the word dogma.
Mandated Wildcard (#) xx#y

wom#n and martindale.m_book.

"Women First (USA) Women First Healthcare Inc."

 

Searching with a mandated wildcard retrieves all possible variations of a word in which the wildcard is present in the specified place. You can use it at the end of a term to limit results to only those that contain the word plus the mandated character. For example, the search dog# retrieves results that contain the word dogs, but not those that contain the word dog, effectively limiting results to only those that contain the plural form of the word. The mandated wild card character (#) is also useful for retrieving specialized plural forms of a word. For example, the search wom#n retrieves results that contain both woman and women. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Optional Wildcard (?) xx?y

colo?r and martindale.m_book.

"may contain colour additives permitted by the FDA for use in drugs"

 

The optional wild card character (?) can be used within or at the end of a search term to substitute for one or no characters. This wild card is useful for retrieving documents with British and American word variants since it specifies that you want retrieval whether or not the extra character is present. For example, the optional wild card search colo?r retrieves results that contain the words color or colour. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Literal String ("") "x / y"

" Day/Night" and martindale.m_book.

"Panadol Sinus Day/Night (Australia)"

"n"

"2007".yr. and martindale.m_book.

"Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference Copyright 1933-2007, The Pharmaceutical Press."

 

Quotation marks can be used to retrieve records that contain literal strings, when the string includes special characters, such as a forward slash (/).

Quotation marks can also be used to retrieve records that contain numbers that may otherwise be confused for earlier searches. In the example, a search for 3.vo would limit the string from your third search in your search history to the volume field. By including the number in quotation marks, the search will retrieve documents with a 3 in the volume number.

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Stopwords
Stopwords are words of little intrinsic meaning that occur too frequently to be useful in searching text. You cannot search for the following stopwords by themselves, but you can include them within phrases by placing the entire phrase within quotation marks.
a can how no seem through
about could however nor seen thus
after did if not several to
again do in now should under
all does into obtain show up
almost done is obtained showed upon
also during it of shown use
although each its often shows used
always either itself on significant using
among enough just only significantly various
an especially kg or since very
and etc km other so was
another followed largely our some we
any following like out such were
approximately for made over suggest what
are found mainly overall than when
as from make per that whereas
at further may perhaps the which
be give might possible their while
because given min previously theirs with
been giving mm quite them within
before had more rather then without
being hardly most really there would
between has mostly regarding these  
both have must resulted they  
but having nearly resulting this  
by here neither same those  
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