Journals@Ovid (OVFT) Database Guide
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Journals@Ovid is the second generation of Ovid Full Text, which combines all the capabilities of Ovid Full Text Collections with several important features and functions. The database is an aggregate of hundreds of scientific, technical, and medical journals from over 50 publishers and societies. While the Ovid Full Text Collections are subsets of journals combined for local access, Journals@Ovid is an aggregated online database of all Ovid journals, with each journal available by individual subscription. Some of the benefits of Journals@Ovid are:

  • Custom Full Text Limit. With the purchase of any of Ovid's Full Text journals, you gain access to all the bibliographic citations, references, and abstracts in the Journals@Ovid database. You can search the entire database of bibliographic citations, or you can limit your search to the full text journals to which your institution has subscribed.
  • Seamless Linking. Each Journals@Ovid title is linked to other Journals@Ovid titles, and to bibliographic databases on Ovid Online such as MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO. Bi-directional linking allows you to start your search in a bibliographic database and link to the full text in Journals@Ovid, or link from Journals@Ovid to citations in bibliographic databases. Additionally, you can link from references in an article to other full text articles. Within the Full Text display, hypertext features allow you to display an outline of the document and move immediately to a selected section, and link from cited references in the text to the complete reference.
  • Easy Browsing. Browsing through journals in Journals@Ovid is easy and intuitive. You can browse through the journals by title, or by journal subject, where the journals are grouped according to subject areas.
  • Comprehensive Coverage. We are including additional sections of the print journals in Journals@Ovid, such as classified advertisements and announcements, making the database not only useful for conventional research, but for recreational and professional browsing as well. Journal-specific information is available through About This Journal. This feature provides information such as the publisher-provided journal description, usage statement, and instructions for authors.
  • Limits. In addition to the limits already available in Ovid Full Text, Journals@Ovid features a limit to articles with graphics, a limit to one or more journal subsets, and a limit to articles with references.
  • Enhanced Searching. Because Journals@Ovid is available in 100% SGML, every word of every article in Journals@Ovid is searchable, including references and graphics captions. Searching the Journals@Ovid Fields describes the searchable fields and provides at least one example for each.

Journals come from many prominent publishers.

When printing a full text article, the default graphic size is full size. The graphic-size option is available through the Full Text Manager at the end of each article. Graphics can be printed in full, medium, or small (thumbnail) size, or omitted entirely.

Access and Availability | Database Highlights
Coverage and Content | Publish Ahead of Print | Navigation | Linking
Browsing through Journals | Browsing by Subject | Browsing by Name
"About This Journal" | YourJournals@Ovid
Access and Availability
  • Search results cover the entire Journals@Ovid database. You receive unlimited access to every title in the database for bibliographic citations, references, abstracts and the tables of contents. Your access to bibliographic content is only limited by number of Ovid licenses.
  • Your institution subscribes to a full text journal or journals from the Journals@Ovid database and purchases a license for an appropriate number of concurrent users for each full text journal.
  • You receive customized access to full text based on subscriptions and licenses.
  • If you want to limit your search to full text articles while within Journals@Ovid, use the Full Text limit described under Limits.
  • Paygo users can access the full text of all journals.
  • Selected journals include access to critical content before it appears in a printed journal issue as part of the Publish Ahead of Print feature.
Coverage and Content

Ovid Full Text Collections have always included items such as research articles, book and other media reviews, editorials, and letters to the editor. With Journals@Ovid we have included classified advertising, announcements, abstracts of symposia, calendars, and corrections. You easily can find these citations by searching on one of the new Publication Types on the Limit page: advertisements, announcements, meeting abstract, and corrections. The content is licensed by the publisher, and therefore varies somewhat from journal to journal.

Journals@Ovid is updated daily to ensure access to the most recently published issues. Journals@Ovid offers coverage from 1996 to the present for many journals, and the coverage of some journals dates back as far as 1993. A few journals begin at other points. Refer to the Ovid HomePage for a complete listing of journals and start date, or find individual journal start dates in "About this Journal".

Publish Ahead of Print

Ovid’s PAP Full Text provide users with online access to critical content as soon as the material is ready for release and before it appears in a printed journal issue. All Journals@Ovid PAP Full Text has been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication.

A special PAP issue displays at the top of the issue list for participating journals. Users click the Table of Contents link for the PAP issue, review entries in the TOC display, and access PAP Full Text available for that journal. When PAP Full Text becomes available in print, Ovid removes the record from the PAP issue.

Publish Ahead of Print is only available for select journals.

Articles in any pre-publication stage can change significantly before final publication. Because Ovid’s PAP articles present data that is in-process toward final publication, their statements, opinions, and information may contain errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. With this in mind, apply responsibly any information gained from Journals@Ovid PAP articles. Accordingly, the publisher, editors, authors of PAP articles, and their respective employees accept no liability for consequences of any inaccurate or misleading data, opinion, or statement.

Navigation

Ovid provides an outline for every article, so you can move from section to section with the click of a mouse. Hypertext links within each article-structured abstract links, reference links, context links, and figure links allow you to jump immediately to the relevant section or graphic.

Citations within the document text are linked to the Reference section, enabling you to quickly check a reference. A context link in each reference allows you to easily move back to your original place in the document.

From any full text article, you can link to journal information in About This Journal or to the issue's table of contents.

Linking

Link from bibliographic databases to full text: Start your search in a powerful bibliographic database, like MEDLINE, PsycINFO, or CINAHL, and link seamlessly to full text articles.

Link from full text to full text: References in an article link to other full text articles so you can follow an author's research, trace the history of a topic, or find similar information.

Link from full text to bibliographic databases: References in full text articles link to bibliographic citations in databases such as MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO.

Browsing through Journals
Browsing through journals is familiar to most researchers. Accordingly, browsing functionality in Journals@Ovid has been improved to make the process easier and more intuitive. Users can browse by journal name or subject, and can link from the Contents display to the bibliographic record or full text of each article.
Browsing by Subject

If you know you want articles on a certain topic but you're not familiar with the available literature, journal browsing can help. Given the large number of journals in the database, Journal Subsets were created to help you find the most relevant journal titles to your area of interest. Each journal in Journals@Ovid is classified in at least one of five categories:

  • Clinical Medicine
  • Behavioral & Social Sciences
  • Life Sciences
  • Nursing
  • Physical Science & Engineering

Journal Subsets are further divided into subject categories. For example, "Clinical Medicine" contains subject categories such as "Anesthesiology" and "Radiology."

Each journal is assigned to one or more Journal Subsets based on subject matter. By clicking the Browse Journals button, you access a hierarchical display of journal subsets and their subject categories. Choose your area of interest, and then you can browse through a list of journal titles, or a list of specific issues. Alternatively, you can limit your search to one or more journal subsets. (The medical categories were reviewed by clinical professionals to ensure that they correspond as closely as possible to relevant areas of medical practice.)

Note: journals are classified by journal name and description, not by article content.

Browsing by Name:
The Browse Journals button allows you to browse an alphabetical list of journal titles, to locate a particular journal. From here, you can link from a journal title to the relevant subject category, so you can find other journals in the same subject area.
About This Journal

The "About This Journal" feature provides masthead information about each journal online, including:

  • journal description
  • coverage information
  • publisher
  • frequency of publication
  • usage statement, including copyright information and restrictions (The copyrights are held by the respective journals, not by Ovid Technologies.)
  • instructions for authors

The About This Journal button is available from the Table of Contents, full text article displays, and the Browse Journals display. The "About This Journal" section displays as a full text document that can be searched, printed, saved, or emailed.

YourJournals@Ovid

YourJournals@Ovid is a subset of the larger Journals@Ovid database and is limited to only the journals to which your institution subscribes. YourJournals@Ovid was created for situations when a user wants to see only the citations to which they have access. It provides all of the basic functionality of Journals@Ovid, including 100% searchability, seamless integration with databases, and the ability to browse by journal and by subject.

Journals@Ovid is a single database that contains the Ovid Full Text and graphics of every full text journal offered by Ovid. Regardless of the number of subscribed Journals@Ovid titles, every Journals@Ovid subscriber gets access to all of the Tables of Contents, Bibliographic citations, Abstracts, and references in the entire database. With YourJournals@Ovid, however, users only obtain these results for subscribed to journals.

Index Browsing
While you can Browse the Tables of Contents for Journal titles and their issues, YourJournals@Ovid does not allow Browsing of individual field indexes. Therefore when you Search Fields the Display Index button does not appear and the root command is unavailable.
YourJournals@Ovid FAQ
Do you need to change existing full text Jumpstarts to YJ@O? (For Administrators)
This is optional for customers who maintain both Journals@Ovid and YourJournals@Ovid databases. If you do wish to redirect existing jumpstarts from Journals@Ovid to YourJournals@Ovid, simply change their segment name, such as &D=yrovft.
Do you need to resave your Save Searches?
No. You may run your Save Searches from any database.
Do you need to reset your AutoAlerts (SDIs) in YJ@O?
AutoAlerts are database specific. If Journals@Ovid is a database selection option, there is no need to transfer J@O AutoAlerts to YJ@O. If only the YJ@O full text database is an option, and you would like to transfer your AutoAlerts from Journals@Ovid to YourJournals@Ovid, contact support@ovid.com for detailed instructions.
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Fields
The following list is sorted alphabetically by field alias. Click a field name to see the description and search information.
All Fields in this Database
  Abstract (AB) DOI Number (DI) Pages (PG )
  Accession Number (AN) Full Text (TX) Publication Type (PT)
  All Searchable Fields (AF) Institution (IN) References (RF)
  Author (AU) ISSN (IS) Source (SO)
  Author Keywords (KW) Issue/Part (IP ) Subject Category (JS)
  Byline Text (BT) Journal Abbreviation (JA) Summary Language (SL)
  Caption Text (CT) Journal Code (JC) Text Word (TW)
  Contents by Journal Name (TJ) Journal Name (JN) Title (TI)
  Corporate Author Word (CW) Journal Subset (SB) Update Code (UP)
  Date of Publication (DP) Journal Words (JW) Volume (VO)
  Document Type (DT) Other Title (OT) Year of Publication (YR)
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Default Fields for Unqualified Searches: Searching for a term without specifying a field searches the following fields.
  Abstract (AB) Title (TI)      
  Caption Text (CT) Full Text (TX)      
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Default Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: The following fields are included by default for each record.

  Abstract (AB) DOI Number (DI) Other Title (OT)
  Accession Number (AN) Institution (IN) References (RF)
  Author (AU) ISSN (IS) Journal Subset (SB)
  Author Keywords (KW) Journal Code (JC) Source (SO)
  Document Type (DT) Local Messages (LM) Title (TI)
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All Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: Use the Select Fields button in the Results Manager at the bottom of the Main Search Page to choose the fields for a record.

  Abstract (AB) DOI Number (DI) Other Title (OT)
  Accession Number (AN) Institution (IN) References (RF)
  Author (AU) ISSN (IS) Journal Subset (SB)
  Author Keywords (KW) Journal Code (JC) Source (SO)
  Document Type (DT) Local Messages (LM) Title (TI)
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Elements of Source (SO) Field: Ovid searches the following fields as part of the record source.
  Date of Publication (DP) Journal Name (JN) Volume (VO)
  Issue/Part (IP) Pages (PG) Year of Publication (YR)
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The following list is sorted alphabetically by the two-letter label, and includes the relevant alias, at least one example for all searchable fields, and a description of the field.
Label Name / Example
AB Abstract [Word Indexed]
bone density.ab.
drug abuse.ab.

 

The Abstract (AB) field summarizes the content of the document and generally describes the background, methods, results, and conclusions. Both English and foreign language abstracts are searchable using AB. Only documents which appeared in print with an abstract include an abstract in this database.

Stopwords such as "of" or "the" display in documents but are not searchable and do not appear in the Abstract index.

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AF

All Searchable Fields
fatty acid.af.
gammaglobulin.af.

 

All Fields (AF) is an alias for all of the fields which occur in the source documents, including value-added fields such as Subject Headings.  The only thing excluded from an All Fields search are fields such as "floating subheading" or "heading word" which are created by the loading process and do not actually appear in the record.

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AN Accession Number [Phrase Indexed]
00001240-199709000-00008.an.
00003098-199801000-00012.an.

 

The Accession Number (AN) field contains a 22-digit number which uniquely identifies each document in the database.

While searching this field, include all leading zeros and internal hyphens.

The Accession Number is not related to the 8-digit MEDLINE Unique Identifier.

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AU

Author [Phrase Indexed]
baum michel.au.
marshall j$.au.

 

The Author (AU) field includes the names of all authors of a document, in the order in which they appear in the journal.

Author names appear in the format of last name followed by first and middle names, or last name followed by up to two initials.

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BT Byline Text [Word Indexed]
reprint requests.bt.
nih grants.bt.
  The Byline Text (BT) field contains miscellaneous information about the article. Information about grants, dates of publisher acceptance, and so on, is included in this field.
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CT Caption Text [Word Indexed]
muscle biopsy.ct.
squamous cell.ct.
  The Caption Text (CT) field includes the descriptive text for tables, figures, and other graphics as they appear in the journal in which the document was published.
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CW

Corporate Author Word [Word Indexed]
pediatric.cw.

 

The Corporate Author Word (CW) field contains each word from the name of the organization that has produced the document.  This field usually displays as part of Author (AU) field.

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DI

Digital Object Identifier [Word Indexed]
000006748.di.

 

The DOI (DI) field contains the Digital Object Identifier - a unique and persistent digital identification code for any object of intellectual property.
The DOI itself consists of two parts: a prefix which is assigned to each publisher by the administrative DOI agency, e.g., "10.1097", and a suffix which is assigned by the publisher
and can be any code that the publisher chooses, e.g., "00045415-200111000-00002". The full DOI appears as such: "10.1097/00045415-200111000-00002".

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DP Date of Publication [Word Indexed]
july 1997.dp.
february 1, 1996.dp.
  The Date of Publication (DP) field contains the month, year, and possibly day that the journal was published.  This field usually displays as part of the Source (SO) field.
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DT

Document Type [Phrase Indexed]
clinical commentary.dt.
news.dt.

 

The Document Type (DT) field supplements the Publication Type (PT) field by providing an additional, more specific description of a document's form and substance. This field often contains the titles of columns or regular features that are specific to a given journal publication.

Enter the first few letters of the desired document type, or root on the letter "a" to view and select from the complete list of document types and words that appear as part of document types.

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IN Institution [Word Indexed]
harvard.in.
(university of texas at austin).in
  The Institution (IN) field lists the affiliation(s) of the author(s) as  noted in the document at the time of publication.  The mailing address is often given, as are grant numbers and the names of the institutions financially supporting the research.  Enter a descriptive word or phrase found in the institution name or address (such as "harvard" not  "university").  Consider using both full spellings and standard  abbreviations.
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IP

Issue/Part  [Word Indexed]
"9".ip.

 

The Issue/Part (IP) field includes the issue and supplement number in which the document was published. This field displays as part of the Source field (SO).

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IS

ISSN [Phrase Indexed]
0009-9104.is.
0012 1797.is.

 

The ISSN (IS) field contains the International Standard Serial Number for the journal in which the document was published.

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JA

Journal Abbreviation [Phrase Indexed]
j intraven nurs.ja.

 

The Journal Abbreviation (JA) field contains the abbreviation of the source journal title.

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JC

Journal Code [Phrase Indexed]
b7j.jc.
dci.jc.

 

The NLM Journal Code (JC) field contains an alphanumeric code established by the NLM (National Library of Medicine) which uniquely identifies each journal indexed in NLM databases.

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JN

Journal Name [Phrase Indexed]
cancer nursing.jn.
digestive diseases & sciences.jn.

 

The Journal Name (JN) field contains the full name of the journal in which the article was published.

Stopwords such as "of" are included in the JN index, but when "the" is the first word of a journal, it has been stripped.

The word "and", which is a Boolean operator and a stopword in most fields, can be searched in the Journal Name field using the ampersand (&).

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JS

Subject Category [Phrase Indexed]
allergy & immunology.js.
cardiology.js.

 

The Subject Category (JS) field describes basic subject areas covered by the journal.  These Subject Categories correspond to the subjects which appear in the Browse Contents by Subject feature.  Results of a subject category search will be a list of journal issues, which when  selected, will take you to the table-of-contents for that journal.

This field is a Table of Contents field.

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JW

Journal Words [Word Indexed]
hepatology.jw.
computers.jw.

 

The Journal Word (JW) field contains individual words from every journal name in the database.

This field is used to retrieve every occurrence of a journal which includes a particular word such as "dermatology."

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KW

Author Keywords [Word Indexed]
tuberculosis.kw.
energy expenditure.kw.

 

The Author Keywords (KW) field contains author assigned terms that describe the document. This field exists only for documents where the author has assigned keywords.

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OT

Other Title [Word Indexed]
rauchern.ot.

 

The Other Title (OT) field contains non-English titles in the original published language. If an English version of the title exists, it will index in the Title (TI) field.

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PG

Pages [Phrase Indexed]
"9".pg.
"103".pg.

 

The Pages (PG) field contains the starting page number in the printed journal in which the document was published. The field displays as part of the Source field (SO).

Often, a search using the publication year and the beginning page number is enough to locate a particular citation.

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PT

Publication Type [Phrase Indexed]
announcements.pt.
reports.pt.

 

The Publication Type (PT) field describes a document's overall form and substance in broad categories. These publication types are assigned by Ovid Technologies in order to unify the differing document types used by various journal publishers.

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RF

References [Word Indexed]
j cell biol.rf.
galavotti c.rf.

 

The Reference (RF) field includes complete bibliographic citations for the publications cited by authors in full text documents. These references can be viewed along with the citation or with full text.

Enter the desired reference information, consisting of words typically found in a reference. Consider searching on words in document title, journal name or abbreviation, author name, page number, or year.

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SB

Journal Subset [Phrase Indexed]
nursing.sb.
life sciences.sb.

 

Each journal title in Journals@Ovid is classified in at least one of five Journal Subsets (SB).  The five subsets are: Behavioral & Social Sciences, Life Sciences, Clinical Medicine, Nursing, and Physical Science & Engineering.

Searching the Journal Subset field brings up all articles within each journal in the subset.

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SL

Summary Language [Phrase Indexed]
german.sl.

 

The Summary Language (SL) field contains the language or languages in which the abstract is written.

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SO

Source
american journal of surgical pathology.so.
august 1997.so.

 

The Source (SO) field includes the basic information needed to locate a source document, including the journal name, volume, issue/part, pagination, and year of publication.

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TI

Title [Word Indexed]
multiple births.ti.
rheumatoid arthritis.ti.

 

The Title (TI) field contains the English language version of the title as it appears in the journal.

Stopwords such as "of" or "the" display in documents but do not appear in the title index. However, the word "a", which is a stopword in other fields, can be searched in the title field.

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TJ Contents by Journal Name [Phrase Indexed]
plastic & reconstructive surgery.tj.

 

The Contents by Journal Name (TJ) displays each issue of a certain journal in the database. The TJ field differs from the Journal Name (JN) field in that the Contents by Journal Name field brings up entire issues of a journal. The Journal Name field retrieves the individual articles from those issues.

This field is a Table of Contents field.

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TW

Text Word [Word Indexed]
urinary tract infection.tw.

 

The Text Word (TW) field searches the Title (TI), Abstract (AB), Caption Text (CT), as well as the Full Text (TX) fields.

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TX

Full Text [Word Indexed]
unilateral cleft lip.tx.

 

The Full Text (TX) field contains the complete document text. This field allows you to retrieve all documents with any mention of your search term. Because authors are more likely to use synonyms in the text field, or often include relevant information on a topic that is secondary to the main topic of the paper, you will find much more complete results by using the full text instead of just the title and abstract.

Note: TX searches only the full text part of the article, and only the parts of the full text that are not included in other fields. All bibliographic information, such as title and author, abstract, references, and caption text are all indexed in other fields. Therefore, they are not searchable in the TX field.

Stopwords, which include commonly occurring words such as "of" and "the" display in the documents but do not appear in the Full Text index.

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UP

Update Code [Phrase Indexed]
20010000.up.

 

The Update Code (UP) field contains a 8-digit number representing the year in which documents were published in this database, in YYYY0000 format.

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VO

Volume [Phrase Indexed]
104.vo.

 

The Volume (VO) field contains the volume of the printed journal in which the document was published. This field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

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YR

Year of Publication [Word Indexed]
1998.yr.

 

The Year of Publication (YR) field contains the year in which the printed journal containing the document was published. This field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

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Stopwords
Stopwords are words of little intrinsic meaning that occur too frequently to be useful in searching text. You cannot search for the following stopwords by themselves, but you can include them within phrases by placing the entire phrase within quotation marks.
a can how no seem through
about could however nor seen thus
after did if not several to
again do in now should under
all does into obtain show up
almost done is obtained showed upon
also during it of shown use
although each its often shows used
always either itself on significant using
among enough just only significantly various
an especially kg or since very
and etc km other so was
another followed largely our some we
any following like out such were
approximately for made over suggest what
are found mainly overall than when
as from make per that whereas
at further may perhaps the which
be give might possible their while
because given min previously theirs with
been giving mm quite them within
before had more rather then without
being hardly most really there would
between has mostly regarding these  
both have must resulted they  
but having nearly resulting this  
by here neither same those  
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Limits
The following limits are available for this database. See Database Limits in the Ovid Online Help for details on applying limits.

Limit

Syntax
Articles with Abstracts Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to articles with abstracts
limit 1 to abstracts
  A limit to articles with abstracts restricts the search to articles that include abstracts. Since only substantial articles include abstracts, this limit automatically eliminates shorter works such as editorials and letters.
Articles with Graphics Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to articles with graphics
limit 1 to graphics
  Limiting to Articles with Graphics restricts retrieval to articles that contain figures, tables, equations, and other types of graphics.
Articles with References Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to articles with references
limit 1 to references
  This limit restricts your retrieval to documents that have cited references.
Daily Update Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to daily update
limit 1 to update
  A limit to Daily Update will restrict retrieval to the most recently added set of documents. Updates occur once daily.
Journal Subsets Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to nursing
  Select this limit to restrict retrieval to journal covering one of six general areas of interest. After selecting this choice, you will be prompted to select one or more journal subsets
Ovid Full Text Available Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to full text
 

A limit to Full Text will restrict retrieval to documents for which the complete contents, including all text, graphics, and references, is available. Access to Full Text is based on journal title. Links to full text will be provided for all documents within the journals that you or your institution subscribe to. After you select this limit, use the LINK feature in the document display to view the Full Text.

Publication Types Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to corrections
limit 1 to review articles
limit 1 to "book or media reviews"
  Publication Types describe a document's overall form and substance in a broad categories such as original articles, letters to the editor, or editorials. A limit to Publication Type restricts your retrieval to certain types of articles. With the addition of more sections of print journals, several new Publication Types have been added to help you locate pertinent information and enhance browsing. These include Advertisements, Announcements, Corrections, and Meeting Abstracts.
Publication Year Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to yr=1998
Command Syntax: ..l/1 yr=1998
  You can restrict your search to a single year of publication, or a range of years.
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Changing to this Database
To change a search session to a segment of this database from another database or another segment, use the following syntax in the Ovid Syntax tab:
  Command Syntax: ..c/ovft
  Sentence Syntax: use ovft
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Producer Information
Producer
Ovid Technologies, Inc.
333 Seventh Ave. Fourth Fl.
New York, NY 10001
(800) 950-2035
(212) 563-3006
(212) 563-3784 (fax)
email: support@ovid.com
Ovid Home Page: http://www.ovid.com
Copyright

The copyrights for the journal articles are held by their respective publishers. For the journal-specific copyright information, use the About This Journal feature.

The following general usage statement applies to all journals:

The materials contained herein are proprietary to the publishers and/or individual copyright holders and may only be used by authorized users of the subscribing institutions for internal or personal research. Authorized users may (i) print data obtained from searches and make limited copies of such printed search results, (ii) download data obtained from searches and (iii) retransmit search results electronically or otherwise to a limited number of authorized users at the same institution. Authorized users are precluded from: (i) copying, duplication, redistribution, retransmission, publication, transfer or commercial or other exploitation of the databases or the contents thereof, except as permitted herein or pursuant to user guidelines of the individual copyright holders, (ii) preparation of derivative works or incorporation of the databases or contents thereof in any other work or system; (iii) downloading of the contents in their entirety or lengthy sequence. Authorized users are referred to the individual copyright holder and/or to the copyright holder's usage guidelines within this database for additional restrictions which may be imposed by the copyright holder.

Articles in any pre-publication stage can change significantly before final publication. Because Ovid’s PAP articles present data that is in-process toward final publication, their statements, opinions, and information may contain errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. With this in mind, apply responsibly any information gained from Journals@Ovid PAP articles. Accordingly, the publisher, editors, authors of PAP articles, and their respective employees accept no liability for consequences of any inaccurate or misleading data, opinion, or statement.

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