Embase: Excerpta Medica Database Guide
Menu:

Embase (Excerpta Medica Database) is a biomedical and pharmacological database produced by Elsevier B.V., containing more than 30 million records including articles from more than 8,500 journals published world-wide. It contains bibliographic records with citations, abstracts and indexing derived from biomedical articles in peer reviewed journals, and is especially strong in its coverage of drug and pharmaceutical research, pharmacology and toxicology. This field guide provides scope of information specific to the Embase database.

Embase adds over 1 million records annually. The original Embase part of the databases contains ca. 20 million records, spanning from 1974 to present, from 6,100 journals. The MEDLINE supplement contains ca. 10 million records from 2,400 journals, with unique records from MEDLINE.

  • Weekly average updates of 4.5K Articles in Press and 11K In Process records on Embase, part of the delivered In Process records overwrite the AiPs
  • Embase (Fully-indexed) will average 17K records per week
  • Over the past year Elsevier has processed 350K Conference records, on average 6.8K records per week

Each record contains the full bibliographic citation, indexing terms, and codes; and 80% of all citations in Embase include author-written abstracts. The Embase journal collection is international with peer-reviewed journals from more than 90 countries.

Coverage focuses on the following core topics (with significant overlap between topics) representing over 70% of Embase content:

  • Pharmacology and toxicology
  • General clinical medicine
  • Genetics, biochemistry & molecular biology
  • Neurology & behavioral medicine
  • Microbiology & infectious disease
  • Cardiology & hematology
  • Psychiatry & mental health
  • Oncology
  • Healthcare policy & management
  • Allergy & immunology
  • Pediatrics
  • Endocrinology & metabolism
  • Obstetrics & gynecology
  • Biomedical engineering & medical devices
  • Anesthesiology & intensive care
  • Gastroenterology
  • Respiratory medicine
  • Nephrology & urology
  • Dermatology
  • Geriatrics & gerontology
Segments and Years of Coverage
Name   Years of Coverage
EMEDR   2014 – Present, updated weekly
EMEFD   1996 – Present, updated daily
EMEF   1996 – Present, updated weekly
EMEDD   1988 – Present, updated daily
EMED   1988 – Present, updated weekly
EMEZD   1980 – Present, updated daily
EMEZ   1980 – Present, updated weekly
OEMEZD   1974 – Present, updated daily  
OEMEZ   1974 – Present, updated weekly
EMCZD (Entire Database)   1947 – Present, updated daily
EMCZ (Entire Database)   1947 – Present, updated weekly
EMEM   1988 – 1995
EMCL   1947 – 1973

The limit of databases that you can select for a multifile search session is based upon database segments rather than actual databases. The Ovid multifile segment limit is set at 120 to avoid impacting your search sessions. This database includes 22 segments.

This database is updated online daily and weekly.

 

Fields
The following list is sorted alphabetically by field alias. Click a field name to see the description and search information.
All Fields in this Database
  Abstract (AB) Enzyme Commission Numbers (EZ) Related Article Number (BN)
  Accession Number (AN) Figure Information (FI) Related Book Series (RS)
  All Searchable Fields (AF) Floating Subheading (FS) Related Book Title (RL)
  Article Number (AR) Floating Subheading Word (FX) Related Conference Information (FE)
  arXiv Identifier (AV) Grant Abstract (GA) Related Date of Publication (DR)
  Author (AU) Grant Acronym (GR) Related Figure Information (FR)
  Author Email (AE) Grant Country (GC) Related Item CODEN (OR)
  Author NameID (AO) Grant Information (GI) Related Item Contributor (RC)
  Book Series (BS) Grant Number (NO) Related Item Country (MC)
  Book Title (BT) Grant Organization (GO) Related Item DOI (RO)
  Candidate Terms (DJ) Heading Word (HW) Related Item Editor (ER)
  Candidate Term Word (DQ) Indexing Status (SI) Related Item Information (RI)
  CAS Registry Number (RN) Institution (IN) Related Item ISBN (RB)
  Clinical Trial Number (CN) ISBN (IB) Related Item ISSN (NI)
  CODEN (CD) ISSN (IS) Related Item Publisher (RU)
  Collaboration (CO) Issue Part (IP) Related Item Title (RT)
  Conference End Date (CE) Journal Abbreviation (JA) Related Item URL (RW)
  Conference Information (CF) Journal Issue (JI) Related Issue Part (TR)
Conference Publication (CG) Journal Name (JN) Related Journal Name (RJ)
  Conference Start Date (CS) Journal Translated Name (TJ) Related Page (RG)
  Contributors (CZ) Journal Word (JX) Related Part Number (PR)
  Copyright (CR) Keyword (KW) Related Publication Type (RP)
  Correspondence Address (AD) Language (LG) Related Publisher Identifier (RM)
  Country of Publication (CP) Local Holdings (LH) Related Source Type (SR)
  Date Created (DC) Local Messages (LM) Related Volume (RV)
  Date Delivered (DD) Molecular Sequence Number (MS) Related Volume Title (LR)
  Date of Publication (DP) NLM Status (NS) Related Year (RY)
  Device Index Terms (MV) Number of References (RF) Retraction Notice (NR)
  Device Index Terms Word (MY) Original Title (OT) Revised Date (RD)
  Device Manufacturer (DM) Other Index Terms (OD) Status (ST)
  Device Trade Name (DV) Other Index Terms Word (OX) Source (SO)
  Digital Object Identifier (DO) Page (PG) Source Type (SU)
  Drug Index Terms (DU) Parent Book Title (BK) Summary Language (SL)
  Drug Index Terms Word (DY) Part Number (PA) Textword (TW)
  Drug Manufacturer (MF) PMID (PM) Title (TI)
  Drug Trade Name (TN) Preferred Journal Name (PJ) Triple Subheading (XT)
  Editors (ED) Publication Type (PT) Triple Subheading Word (XW)
  Electronic ISSN (EN) Publisher (PB) URL (UR)
  Embase Accession Number (EU) Publisher Copyright (PC) Volume (VO)
  Embase Section Headings (EC) Related Accession Number (RR) Year of Publication (YR)
  Embase Subject Headings (SH)    
  Entry Week (EM)    
Go: Menu or Back 
Default Fields for Unqualified Searches (MP): Searching for a term without specifying a field in Advanced search, or specifying .mp., defaults to the following ‘multi-purpose’ (.mp.) fields for this database: ti,ab,hw,tn,ot,dm,mf,dv,kw,fx,dq.
  Abstract (AB) Drug Manufacturer (MF) Keyword (KW)
  Candidate Term Word (DQ) Drug Trade Name (TN) Original Title (OT)
  Device Manufacturer (DM) Floating Subheading Word (FX) Title (TI)
  Device Trade Name (DV) Heading Word (HW)  
Go: Menu or Back 

Default Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: The following fields are included by default for each record.

  Abstract (AB) Editors (ED) Number of References (RF)
  Accession Number (AN) Embase Section Headings (EC) Original Title (OT)
  Coden (CD) Entry Week (EM) Publication Type (PT)
  Copyright (CR) Figure Information (FI) Publisher (PB)
  Correspondence Address (AD) Institution (IN) Source (SO)
  Country of Publication (CP) ISSN (IS) Embase Subject Headings (SH)
  Date Delivered (DD) Journal Abbreviation (JA) Summary Language (SL)
  Digital Object Identifier (DO) Language (LG) Title (TI)
  Drug Trade Name (TN) Molecular Sequence Number (MS) Year of Publication (YR)
Go: Menu or Back 

All Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: Use the Select Fields button in the Results Manager at the bottom of the Main Search Page to choose the fields for a record.

  Abstract (AB) Editors (ED) Molecular Sequence Number (MS)
  Accession Number (AN) Electronic ISSN (EN) NLM Status (NS)
  arXiv Identifier (AV) Embase Accession Number (EU) Number of References (RF)
  Author (AU) Embase Section Headings (EC) Other Index Terms (OD)
  Author Email (AE) Entry Week (EM) Original Title (OT)
  Author NameID (AO) Enzyme Commission Numbers (EZ) Parent Book Title (BK)
  CAS Registry Number (RN) Figure Information (FI) PMID (PM)
  Clinical Trial Number (CN) Grant Abstract (GA) Publication Type (PT)
  CODEN (CD) Grant Acronym (GR) Publisher (PB)
  Collaboration (CO) Grant Country (GC) Publisher Copyright (PC)
  Conference End Date (CE) Grant Information (GI) Related Item Information (RI)
  Conference Start Date (CS) Grant Number (NO) Retraction Notice (NR)
  Contributors (CZ) Grant Organization (GO) Revised Date (RD)
  Copyright (CR) Indexing Status (SI) Source (SO)
  Correspondence Address (AD) Institution (IN) Source Type (SU)
  Country of Publication (CP) ISBN (IB) Status (ST)
  Date Created (DC) ISSN (IS) Embase Subject Headings (SH)
  Date Delivered (DD) Journal Abbreviation (JA) Summary Language (SL)
  Device Index Terms (MV) Journal Issue (JI) Title (TI)
  Device Trade Name and Manufacturers (DV) Journal Translated Name (TJ) Triple Subheading (XT)
  Digital Object Identifier (DO) Keyword (KW) URL (UR)
  Drug Index Terms (DU) Language (LG) Year of Publication (YR)
  Drug Trade Name and Manufacturers (TN) Local Messages (LM)  
       
Go: Menu or Back 

Elements of Source (SO) Field: Ovid searches the following fields as part of the record source.

  Article Number (AR) Date of Publication (DP) Part Number (PA)
  Book Series (BS) Issue Part (IP) Preferred Journal Name (PJ)
  Book Title (BT) Journal Abbreviation (JA) Volume (VO)
  Conference Information (CF) Journal Name (JN) Year of Publication (YR)
  Conference Publication (CG) Page (PG)  
Go: Menu or Back 
The following list is sorted alphabetically by the two-letter label, and includes the relevant alias, at least one example for all searchable fields, and a description of the field.
Label Name / Example
AB Abstract [Word Indexed]
zzvhb.ab.
 

Embase includes author-written abstracts when they are available. Approximately 60% of the citations in Embase include abstracts.

Individual words are indexed in the abstracts field. Enter a single word or phrase to be searched in the abstracts.

Back 
AD Correspondence Address [Word Indexed]
b1200.ad.
 

The Correspondence Address (AD) field contains the contact information associated with the authors of the document.

Back 
AE Author Email [Word Indexed]
a0021.ae.
 

The Author Email (AE) field contains the email of the author/s. This field is word indexed.

Back 
AF All Searchable Fields [Search Alias]
heart.af.
 

All Fields (AF) is an alias for all of the fields which occur in the source documents, including value-added fields such as Abstract (AB).

Back 
AN Accession Number [Phrase Indexed]
2000000031.an.
 

The Accession Number (AN) field contains an identifier assigned in Embase to uniquely identify a particular record.

Back 
AO Author NameID [Word Indexed]
calderwood.ao.
 

Author NameID (AO) field contains author's full name and its Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) unique identifier that may be supplied by the publisher for records added or updated beginning in early 2015.

Back 
AR Article Number [Phrase Indexed]
r02.ar.
 

The Article Number (AR) consists of a fixed alphanumeric character string used in place of page numbers for electronic documents; it may also be used in addition to page numbers for printed documents.

This field, when present, is displayed as part of the Source (SO) field

Back 
AU Author [Phrase Indexed]
aaberg jr tm.au.
 

The Author (AU) field contains the list of authors associated with the article. The format for authors is last name followed by one or more initials: Smith JC or Smith J. If a single initial could not be transliterated with one letter, two or more letters may be used. Occasionally a name will include the full first name.

Enter the last name, or if it is a common name, enter the last name and first initial. If you are unsure of the spelling of the last name (macdonald or mcdonald), enter one version and then scroll through the list of names to find the other.

Back 
AV arXiv Identifier [Phrase Indexed]
 

The arXiv Identifier (AV) Field contains research articles unique identifier in "arXiv archive" (an electronic archive and distribution server for research articles that is maintained and operated by Cornell University Library). The areas covered by arXiv include physics, mathematics, computer science, nonlinear sciences, quantitative biology and statistics.

This identifier will be supplied by the publisher for records added or updated in the last quarter of 2016 – present (e.g. http://arxiv.org/abs/1508.00332v5).

There are 2 formats of ArXiv Identifier, please see this link for further details - https://arxiv.org/help/arxiv_identifier

Back 
BK Parent Book Title [Word Indexed]
evaluation.bk.
 

The Parent Book Title (BK) field contains the title of the parent book in which the record appears.

Back 
BN Related Article Number [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Related Article Number (BN) consists of a fixed alphanumeric character string used in place of page numbers for electronic documents; it may also be used in addition to page numbers for printed documents. This field, when present, is displayed as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
BS Book Series [Word Indexed]
york.bs.
 

The Book Series (BS) field contains information relating to the series title of the document as it appears with the publication.

The Book Series field displays in the Source (SO) field.

Back 
BT Book Title [Word Indexed]
aging.bt.
 

The Book Title (BT) field contains information relating to the original title and subtitle of the document as it appears with the publication.

The Book Title field displays in the Source (SO) field.

Back 
CD CODEN [Phrase Indexed]
lanca.cd.
 

The CODEN (CD) field contains a journal CODEN. Journal CODENS are 5-digit codes such as "AJDCA" which uniquely identify a journal title.

Back 
CE Conference End Date [Phrase Indexed]
20150821.ce.
 

The Conference End Date (CE) field contains the end date information of the conference event.

Back 
CF Conference Information [Word Indexed]
workshop.cf.
 

The Conference Information (CF) field contains supplementary information about a conference event such as location, and/or conference publication containing information about the conference proceeding that publishes the conference presentations. Conference information usually is displayed as part of the Source (SO).

Individual words are indexed in the CF field; enter a single descriptive word such as "japan".

Back 
CG Conference Publication [Word Indexed]
smith.cg.
 

The Conference Publication (CG) field contains information about the conference proceeding that publishes the conference presentations. Conference publication usually is displayed as part of the Source (SO)

Back 
CN Clinical Trial Number [Word Indexed]
clinicaltrialsgov.cn.
 

The Clinical Trial Number (CN) field contains the clinical trial number associated with the record.

Back 
CO Collaboration [Word Indexed]
federation.co.
 

The Collaboration (CO) field contains the names of collaborators associated with the article.

Back 
CP

Country of Publication [Phrase Indexed]
venezuela.cp.

 

The Country of Publication (CP) field contains the full name of the country in which a journal was published (such as United States).

The country name is entered into the index as a phrase.

Back 
CR Copyright [Word Indexed]
reserved.cr.
 

The Copyright (CR) field contains the copyright information associated with an article.

Back 
CS Conference Start Date [Phrase Indexed]
20150818.cs.
 

The Conference Start Date (CS) field contains the starting date information of the conference event.

Back 
CZ Contributors [Phrase Indexed]
c baracchini editor.cz.
 

The Contributors (CZ) field contains the name and e-mail address of a contributor to the document (e.g. an author, editor, illustrator etc.).

Back 
DC Date Created [Phrase Indexed]
20160627.dc.
 

The Date Created (DC) field contains the date of the last activity on the citation before creation of an XML file for delivery to Ovid. The date is loaded from the Elsevier XML element <date-created>.

This date is not static and can change if an updated record is delivered to Ovid.

INPUT EXAMPLES     Ovid Display
<date-created year="1995" month="06" day="07"/>     Date Created: 19950607
<date-created year="2002" month="10" day="30"/>     Date Created: 20021030
Back 
DD Date Delivered [Phrase Indexed]
20160628.dd.
 

The Date Delivered (DD) field contains the date the citation XML file is created for delivery to Ovid and has a state="new". The date is loaded from the Elsevier XML element "date-delivered".

This date is not static and can change if an updated record is delivered to Ovid.

INPUT EXAMPLES     Ovid Display
<ait:date-delivered year="2015" month="10" day="28"/>     Date Delivered: 20151028
<ait:date-sort year="2015" month="01" day="01"/>    
<ait:status type="core" state="new" stage="S300"/>    

 

 

<ait:date-delivered year="2016" month="07" day="29"/>     Date Delivered: 20160729
<ait:date-sort year="2016" month="07" day="01"/>    
<ait:status type="core" state="new" stage="S300"/>    
Back 
DJ Candidate Terms [Phrase Indexed]
active surveillance testing.dj.
 

The Candidate Terms (DJ) field is a new concept which is not in Emtree and was proposed during indexing because it was judged to be a useful addition to Emtree. This field is also indexed in the Subject Headings (SH) field.

Over 100,000 candidate terms are proposed each year, and the separate Candidate Terms (DJ) field therefore allows for identification of candidate terms. Please note candidate terms will not be picked up when mapping, and will not be available when browsing Emtree. Keywords searches (.mp) however will automatically pick up candidate terms from the Heading Word (HW) field.

Back 
DM Device Manufacturer [Word Indexed]
cap.dm.
 

The Device Manufacturer (DM) field contains the full name of the manufacturer of a drug or device discussed in an article. Manufacturer names are listed in their brief form, for example, Lilly for "Eli Lilly."

View the index to see all Device Manufacturer names. See "Display and Browse Indexes" in the Ovid Online Help for details on viewing and using a field index.

The Device Manufacturer (DM) field will display together with the Device Trade Name (DV) field in the citation.

Back 
DO Digital Object Identifier [Word Indexed]
db05.do.
 

The DOI (DO) field contains the Digital Object Identifier - a unique and persistent digital identification code for any object of intellectual property. The DOI itself consists of two parts: a prefix which is assigned to each publisher by the administrative DOI agency, e.g., "10.3961", and a suffix which is assigned by the publisher and can be any code that the publisher chooses, e.g., "jpmph.2009.42.4.209". The full DOI appears as such: "10.3961/jpmph.2009.42.4.209"

You can search the DO field by entering either the prefix in quotes ("10.3961".do.) or the entire DOI value in quotes ("10.3961/jpmph.2009.42.4.209".do.).

Back 
DP Date of Publication [Phrase Indexed]
winter spring 2009.dp.
 

The Date of Publication (DP) field contains the date captured as it is found in the source pdf or xml.This field is usually displayed as part of the Source (SO) field.


It is searchable either structured in the format of DD MMM YYYY (Example: 23 FEB 2002) or unstructured (Example: Winter 2009 or apr 2009).

Back 
DQ Candidate Term Word [Word Indexed]
0001.dq.
 

The Candidate Term Word (DQ) is a word indexed version of Candidate Terms (DJ) in which the ADJ (adjacency) function can be utilized.

Back 
DR Related Date Of Publication [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Related Date of Publication (DR) field contains the date captured as it is found in the source pdf or xml. This field is usually displayed as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

It is searchable either structured in the format of DD MMM YYYY (Example: 23 FEB 2002) or unstructured (Example: Winter 2009 or apr 2009).

Back 
DU Drug Index Terms [Phrase Indexed]
1 1 2 triphenylethylene derivative.du.
 

The Drug Index Terms (DU) field contains index terms used for all drugs and chemicals: not only therapeutic drugs, but also endogenous compounds, laboratory chemicals and environmental chemicals or toxins.
It is important to realise that "drugs" as defined in Embase may refer to any chemical entity.

Back 
DV Device Trade Name [Word Indexed]
ma30ac.dv.
 

The Device Trade Name (DV) field contains the medical device trade names assigned to the records.

View the index to see all Device Trade Names. See "Display and Browse Indexes" in the Ovid Online Help for details on viewing and using a field index.

The Device Trade Name (DV) displays with the Device Manufacturer (DM) field in the citation.

Back 
DY Drug Index Terms Word [Word Indexed]
0.dy.
 

The Drug Index Terms Word (DY) is a word indexed version of Drug Index Terms (DU) in which the ADJ (adjacency) function can be utilized.

Back 
EC Embase Section Headings [Phrase Indexed]
pharmacy.ec.
 

In addition to assigning index terms, indexers also classify articles to Embase section headings or classifications (e.g. Cancer or Surgery).

Each article is assigned to at least one such section heading. Normally, an article gets assigned to not more than five or six section headings.

Search tip: to find information on AIDS in the context of public health/epidemiology, limit your search on AIDS using Embase section heading 17 (Public health, social medicine and epidemiology).

Back 
ED Editors [Phrase Indexed]
zwaan cm.ed.
 

The Editor (ED) field contains the list of editors associated with the article.

The format for editors is last name followed by one or more initials: Smith JC or Smith J. If a single initial could not be transliterated with one letter, two or more letters may be used. Occasionally a name will include the full first name. The Editor field is phrase indexed.

Enter the last name, or if it is a common name, enter the last name and first initial.

Back 
EM Entry Week [Phrase Indexed]
201815.em.
  The Entry Week (EM) field contains the year and week number in which a document was added to Embase on Ovid since the yearly reload completion. Entry Week dates for existing records changes with each global reload appearing in the format YYYY00. The Entry Week (EM) field is phrase indexed.
Back 
EN Electronic ISSN [Phrase Indexed]
6183 1638.en.
 

The Electronic ISSN (EN) field contains the electronic International Standard Serial Number (eISSN) for the journal in which the article was published.

Each journal may have an ISSN, an eISSN, or both. However when there is only an eISSN available it is searchable in the ISSN index and displays in the Electronic ISSN (EN) field.

Like the ISSN (IS), it appears as an 8-digit number, separated by a hyphen: 1089-4098.

Back 
ER Related Item Editor [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Related Item Editor (ER) field contains the list of editors associated with the related article.

This field is displayed as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
EU Embase Accession Number [Phrase Indexed]
23161479.eu.
 

The Embase Accession Number (EU) field contains the old Accession Number (AN) assigned in Embase to uniquely identify a particular record. This data will no longer be supplied after January 1, 2018.

Back 
EZ Enzyme Commission Numbers [Phrase Indexed]
ec 11022.ez.
 

The Enzyme Commission Number (EZ) field contains the enzyme name with corresponding Enzyme Commission number.

Enzyme Commission Numbers appear and are searched with dot (3.4.22.32).

Back 
FE Related Conference Information [Word Indexed]
 

The Related Conference Information (FE) field contains supplementary information about the related conference event such as date, location, and/or conference publication containing information about the conference proceeding that publishes the conference presentations. Related Conference information usually is displayed as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
FI Figure Information [Word Indexed]
tables.fi.
 

The Figure Information (FI) field contains information about the content of the source document, such as the number of figures, photographs, tables, maps, CD-ROMs, the presence of an index and the number of references.

Back 
FR Related Figure Information [Word Indexed]
 

The Related Figure Information (FR) field contains information about the content of the related source document, such as the number of figures, photographs, tables, maps, CD-ROMs, the presence of an index and the number of references. This field displays as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
FS Floating Subheading [Phrase Indexed]
pc.fs.
 

Subheadings, or "link terms" are qualifiers added to EMTREE subject headings to refine their meaning. Terms such as "adverse drug reaction" or "drug toxicity", when combined with an EMTREE term, give a very precise idea of what an article covers.

The Floating Subheadings (FS) field contains the 2-letter link terms, such as "AN" for drug analysis.

      Code   Floating Subheading       Code   Floating Subheading       Code   Floating Subheading
 

ae

 

Adverse Drug Reaction

     

si

 

Side Effect

     

os

 

Intraosseous Drug Administration

  am   Adverse Device Effect      

su

 

Surgery

     

ip

 

Intraperitoneal Drug Administration

 

ct

 

Clinical Trial

     

th

 

Therapy

     

pl

 

Intrapleural Drug Administration

 

co

 

Complication

     

dr

 

Drug Resistance

     

sp

 

Intraspinal Drug Administration

 

cn

 

Congenital Disorder

     

dm

 

Disease Management

     

tl

 

Intrathecal Drug Administration

  dc   Device Comparison      

pe

 

Pharmacoeconomics

     

tr

 

Intratracheal Drug Administration

  de   Device Economics      

bd

 

Buccal Drug Administration

     

tu

 

Intratumoral Drug Administration

 

di

 

Diagnosis

     

ei

 

Epidural Drug Administration

     

ty

 

Intratympanic Drug Administration

 

ad

 

Drug Administration

     

ih

 

Inhalational Drug Administration

     

ur

 

Intraurethral Drug Administration

 

an

 

Drug Analysis

     

ia

 

Intraarterial Drug Administration

     

ut

 

Intrauterine Drug Administration

 

cb

 

Drug Combination

     

ar

 

Intraarticular Drug Administration

     

va

 

Intravaginal Drug Administration

 

cm

 

Drug Comparison

     

br

 

Intrabronchial Drug Administration

     

iv

 

Intravenous Drug Administration

 

cr

 

Drug Concentration

     

bu

 

Intrabursal Drug Administration

     

ve

 

Intravesical Drug Administration

 

dv

 

Drug Development

     

cl

 

Intracameral Drug Administration

     

vi

 

Intravitreal Drug Administration

 

do

 

Drug Dose

     

ic

 

Intracardiac Drug Administration

     

po

 

Oral Drug Administration

 

it

 

Drug Interaction

     

ca

  Intracavernous Drug Administration      

pa

 

Parenteral Drug Administration

 

dt

 

Drug Therapy

     

ce

 

Intracerebral Drug Administration

     

oc

 

Periocular Drug Administration

 

to

 

Drug Toxicity

     

cv

 

Intracerebroventricular Drug Administration

     

rc

 

Rectal Drug Administration

 

ec

 

Endogenous Compound

     

ci

 

Intracisternal Drug Administration

     

rp

 

Regional perfusion

 

ep

 

Epidemiology

     

dl

 

Intradermal Drug Administration

     

rb

 

Retrobulbar Drug Administration

 

et

 

Etiology

     

du

 

Intraduodenal Drug Administration

     

cj

 

Subconjunctival Drug Administration

 

pr

 

Pharmaceutics

     

ig

 

Intragastric Drug Administration

     

sc

 

Subcutaneous Drug Administration

 

pk

 

Pharmacokinetics

     

il

 

Intralesional Drug Administration

     

sb

 

Sublabial Drug Administration

 

pd

 

Pharmacology

     

ly

 

Intralymphatic Drug Administration

     

li

 

Sublingual Drug Administration

 

pc

 

Prevention

     

im

 

Intramuscular Drug Administration

     

tp

 

Topical Drug Administration

 

rt

 

Radiotherapy

     

na

 

Intranasal Drug Administration

     

td

 

Transdermal Drug Administration

 

rh

 

Rehabilitation

 

io

 

Intraocular Drug Administration

           
Back 
FX Floating Subheading Word [Word Indexed]
inhalational.fx.
 

Sometimes you may wish to retrieve every Floating Subheading that includes a particular word; this is done by searching the single word in the Floating Subheading Word (FX) field.

Back 
GA Grant Abstract [Word Indexed]
 

The Grant Abstract (GA) field contains the acknowledgement full text of the full text article.

The Grant Abstract (GA) field is word indexed.

Back 
GC Grant Country [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Grant Country (GC) field contains the country of the organization that awarded the grant. (Currently there is no data).

This field displays as part of the Grant Information (GI) field.

Back 
GI Grant Information [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Grant Information (GI) field displays information about awarded grants, may contain Grant Number (NO), Grant Acronym (GR), Grant Organization (GO) and Grant Country (GC).

Back 
GO Grant Organization [Word Indexed]
abbvie.go.
 

The Grant Organization (GO) field contains the full name of the organization that has awarded the grant.

This field displays as part of the Grant Information (GI) field.

Back 
GR Grant Acronym [Phrase Indexed]
aafp foundation.gr.
 

The Grant Acronym (GR) field contains the acronym of the organization that has awarded the grant.

This field displays as part of the Grant Information (GI) field.

Back 
HW Heading Word [Word Indexed]
EARDRUM.hw.
  Sometimes you may wish to retrieve every EMTREE subject heading that includes a particular word; this is done by searching the single word in the Heading Word (HW) field.
Back 
IB ISBN [Phrase Indexed]
9789781573316.ib.
 

The ISBN (IB) field contains the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) for a book or monographic publication.

The ISBN (IB) field appears as a 10-digit number and may contain 13-digit number if available.

Back 
IN Institution [Word Indexed]
t213b.in.
 

The Institution (IN) field contains the primary author's affiliation, which is usually the source for a reprint of the article.

This information is not standardized and often contains abbreviations. Enter the single most descriptive word in an institution (harvard, not university). Consider both full spellings and abbreviations.

Beginning in 1997, the primary author's e-mail address will be included when provided in the original source material.

Back 
IP Issue Part [Word Indexed]
winter.ip.
 

The Issue Part (IP) field contains the Issue and/or part for a particular volume of a journal.

The IP field usually displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

Back 
IS ISSN [Phrase Indexed]
8756 5641.is.
 

The ISSN (IS) field contains the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) for the journal in which an article was published.

Each journal may have an ISSN, an eISSN, or both. However when there is only an eISSN available it is searchable in the ISSN index and displays in the Electronic ISSN (EN) field.

It appears as an 8-digit number, separated by a hyphen: 0028-4793.

Back 
JA Journal Abbreviation [Word Indexed]
dermatovenerol.ja.
  The Journal Abbreviation (JA) field contains the abbreviated title of an individual journal issue.
Back 
JI Journal Issue [Word Indexed]
john.ji.
 

The Journal Issue (JI) field contains the title of an individual journal issue.

Back 
JN Journal Name [Phrase Indexed]
leukemia.jn.
acta academiae medicinae shanghai.jn.
 

The Journal Name (JN) field contains the full name of the journal in which an article was published.

View the index to see all journal names. See "Display and Browse Indexes" in the Ovid Online Help for details on viewing and using a field index.

This field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

Back 
JX Journal Word [Word Indexed]
parkinsonism.jx.
 

The Journal Word (JX) field contains individual words from every journal name in Embase.

Back 
KW Keyword [Word Indexed]
maastricht.kw.
 

This Keyword field (KW) contains keywords defined by the author of the article.

Back 
LG Language [Phrase Indexed]
swedish.lg.
 

The Language (LG) field contains the language(s) of publication of an article. The language name will appear as the full language name.

For a spelled-out list of languages, refer to the Languages Limit menu or view the index. See "Display and Browse Indexes" in the Ovid Online Help for details on viewing and using a field index.

Back 
LH Local Holdings [Display Only]
 

The Local Holdings (LH) field indicates (with a "Y" for "Yes" or an "N" for "No") if a journal is held at your library or institution. This information is designated by your OVID System Administrator.

Back 
LM Local Messages [Display Only]
 

The Local Messages (LM) field contains messages created by the System Administrator to indicate information about journals held in your local library system.

Back 
LR Related Volume Title [Word Indexed]
 

The Related Volume Title (LR) field contains the title of the parent book in which the related record appears. This field displays as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
MC Related Item Country [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Related Item Country (MC) field contains the full name of the country in which the related journal was published (such as United States). This field displays as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
MF Drug Manufacturer [Word Indexed]
gatorade.mf.
 

The Drug Manufacturer (MF) field contains the full name of the manufacturer of a drug or device discussed in an article. Manufacturer names are listed in their brief form, for example, Lilly for "Eli Lilly."

View the index to see all Drug Manufacturer names. See "Display and Browse Indexes" in the Ovid Online Help for details on viewing and using a field index.

The Drug Manufacturer (MF) field will display together with the Drug Trade Name (TN) field in the citation.

Back 
MS Molecular Sequence Number [Word Indexed]
k01458.ms.
zp00733436.ms.
 

The Molecular Sequence Number (MS) field contains an acronym for a source of molecular sequence data (for example, Genbank) and a sequence accession number documented by the source.

Back 
MV Device Index Terms [Phrase Indexed]
ahmed valve.mv.
 

The Device Index Terms (MV) field contains index terms used for general and medical devices. Emtree contains over 3,000 specific device terms (e.g., endoscopes, catheters, prostheses).

Back 
MY Device Index Terms Word [Word Indexed]
ablation.my.
 

The Device Index Terms Word (MY) is a word indexed version of Device Index Terms (MV) in which the ADJ (adjacency) function can be utilized.

Back 
NI Related Item ISSN [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Relate Item ISSN (NI) field contains the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) and electronic International Standard Serial Number (eISSN) for the journal in which the related article was published. This field displays as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
NO Grant Number [Phrase Indexed]
00077 2008 mct cnpq setec.no.
 

The Grant Number (NO) field contains the original identification number of the grant that is awarded to the work as described in the content. The identification number is assigned by the grant agency.

This field displays as part of the Grant Information (GI) field.

Back 
NR Retraction Notice [Word Indexed]
yes.nr.
 

The Retraction Notice (NR) field determines the status of the erratum record. When a retraction notice is received, this indicates that the Publisher announced that this article is no longer a valid article, and the Embase record is updated accordingly.

Back 
NS NLM Status [Phrase Indexed]
 

The NLM Status (NS) field contains the status of the citation. In-Data-Review records have passed the first step in quality control and will either be reissued as In-process records or go directly to PubMed-not-MEDLINE as the final record status.

In-Process records are electronically submitted and have gone through the second citation-level review.

Medline records have passed all steps in quality control and have been indexed.

Publisher records are non-MEDLINE records in Publisher Status in PubMed contain the notation [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] in the PubMed display. These citations are electronically submitted for articles that appear on the Web in advance of the journal issue's release (i.e., ahead of print citations). Following publication of the completed issue, the item will be queued for issue level review and released in In-Data-Review status.

PubMed-not-MEDLINE records have gone through the second citation-level review, but are from non-Medline journals or precede the date a journal was selected for MEDLINE indexing but are now being submitted for inclusion.

Back 
OD Other Index Terms [Phrase Indexed]
g1 phase cell cycle checkpoint.od.
 

The Other Index Terms (OD) field contains all Emtree terms that are not drugs or chemicals, and include terms from all 13 Emtree facets other than "chemicals and drugs".
They are distinguished from drug terms in that the latter are indexed in greater depth.

Back 
OR Related Item CODEN [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Related Item CODEN (OR) field contains the related journal CODEN. Journal CODENS are 5-digit codes such as "AJDCA" which uniquely identify a journal title.

This field displays as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
OT Original Title [Word Indexed]
eccessiva.ot.
 

The Original Title (OT) field contains all non-English titles in the original language. If the original title was in a non-Roman alphabet, then the OT is transliterated.

Omit common articles when searching a foreign language: heure not l'heure.

Back 
OX Other Index Terms Word [Word Indexed]
obesity.ox.
 

The Other Index Terms Word (OX) is a word indexed version of Other Index Terms (OD) in which the ADJ (adjacency) function can be utilized.

Back 
PA Part Number [Word Indexed]
1.pa.
 

The Part Number field (PA) contains the part number for a particular journal. The PA field usually displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

Back 
PB Publisher [Word Indexed]
academia.pb
 

The Publisher (PB) field contains the name and optionally the address of the publisher for Journal, Book, Conference Proceeding, Report, Major Reference Work, Book Series or Trade Journal.

Enter the most distinctive part of a name to locate a publisher, for example: "elsevier".

Back 
PC Publisher Copyright [Word Indexed]
8709201200453x.pc.
 

The Publisher Copyright (PC) index contains publisher information and it will display at the end of Abstract (AB) field if available.

The Publisher Copyright (PC) is word indexed.

Back 
PG Page [Phrase Indexed]
f1044.pg.
 

The first page on which an article appears is indexed in the Page (PG) field. Often a journal title combined with the beginning page number is enough to locate a citation.

This field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

Back 
PJ Preferred Journal Name [Phrase Indexed]
the lancet psychiatry.pj.
 

The Preferred Journal Name (PJ) field contains the preferred name of the journal in which an article was published.

This field displays as part of the Source (SO) field, but will only be displayed if the Journal Name (JN) is not available.

Back 
PM PMID [Phrase Indexed]
700000.pm.
 

The PMID (PM) field contains the unique identifier assigned to a record when it is created by PubMed.

Back 
PR Related Part Number [Word Indexed]
 

The Related Part Number (PR) field contains the part number for a related particular journal. This field displays as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
PT Publication Type [Phrase and Word Indexed]
article.pt.
 

The Publication Type (PT) field contains one of the following indicating the form of the literature indexed.

Article   Editorial
Article in Press   Erratum
Books   Letter
Chapter   Note
Conference Abstract   Review
Conference Paper   Short Survey
Conference Review   Tombstone (retraction information)

The Publication Type is also available as a limit.

Back 
RB Related Item ISBN [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Related Item ISBN (RB) field contains the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) for the related book or monographic publication.

The Related Item ISBN (RB) field appears as a 10-digit number and may contain 13-digit number if available. This field is displayed as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
RC Related Item Contributor [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Related Item Contributor (RC) field contains the name and e-mail address of a contributor for the related item record (e.g. an author, editor, illustrator etc.).

This field is displayed as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
RD Revised Date [Phrase Indexed]
20100106.rd.
 

The Revised Date (RD) field contains the date the citation XML file is created for delivery to Ovid and has a state="update". The date is loaded from the Elsevier XML element <date-delivered>.

This date is not static and can change if an updated record is delivered to Ovid.

INPUT EXAMPLES     Ovid Display
<ait:date-delivered year="2016" month="07" day="29"/>     Revised Date: 20160729
<ait:date-sort year="2016" month="01" day="01"/>    
<ait:status type="core" state="update" stage="S300"/>    

 

 

<ait:date-delivered year="2015" month="01" day="03"/>     Revised Date: 20150103
<ait:date-sort year="2016" month="01" day="01"/>    
<ait:status type="core" state="update" stage="S300"/>    
Back 
RF Number of References [Phrase Indexed]
99.rf.
 

The Number of References (RF) field contains the number of references that appear at the end of the document.

Back 
RG Related Page [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Related Page (RG) field consists of the inclusive pagination of the related journal article. This field is usually displayed as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
RI Related Item Information (RR, RM, RO, RP, RT, RC, ER, RS, RJ, RL, RV, TR, BN, PR, RY, RG, DR, LR, NI, RB, OR, RU, RW, SR, MC, FE, FR)
advancement.ru.
 

The Related Item Information (RI) field includes a display of all basic information of the erratum or retraction record in order to make it possible to connect erratum or article retraction bibliographic information to its original bibliographic record. This field may contain the following fields if available: Related Accession Number (RR), Related Publisher Identifier (RM), Related Item DOI (RO), Related Publication Type (RP), Related Item Title (RT), Related Item Contributor (RC), Related Item Editor (ER), Related Book Series (RS), Related Journal Name (RJ), Related Book Title (RL), Related Volume (RV), Related Issue Part (TR), Related Article Number (BN), Related Part Number (PR), Related Year (RY), Related Page (RG), Related Date of Publication (DR), Related Volume Title (LR), Related Item ISSN (NI), Related Item ISBN (RB), Related Item CODEN (OR), Related Item Publisher (RU), Related Item URL (RW), Related Source Type (SR), Related Item Country (MC), Related Conference Information (FE) and Related Figure Information (FR).

Back 
RJ Related Journal Name [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Related Journal Name (RJ) field contains the full name of the journal in which the related item article was published.

This field displays as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
RL Related Book Title [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Related Book Title (RL) field contains information relating to the original title and subtitle of the related document as it appears with the publication. The Related Book Title field displays in the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
RM Related Publisher Identifier [Word Indexed]
 

The Related Publisher Identifier (RM) uniquely identifies individual published documents. This field displays as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
RN CAS Registry Number [Phrase Indexed]
zymosan.rn.
 

The CAS Registry Number (RN) field contains the Chemical Abstracts Service Registry number in an association with chemical name for a compound mentioned in an article.

CAS Registry Number (RN) field are indexed by numbers and/or chemical names. Numbers appear and are searched with hyphens (e.g.50-07-0) and chemical names should be entered as phrase as they appear in the CAS Registry Number display (e.g. squalene monooxygenase).

Back 
RO Related Item DOI [Word Indexed]
 

The Related Item DOI (RO) field contains the Digital Object Identifier of the related item record - a unique and persistent digital identification code for any object of intellectual property. The DOI itself consists of two parts: a prefix which is assigned to each publisher by the administrative DOI agency, e.g., "10.3961", and a suffix which is assigned by the publisher and can be any code that the publisher chooses, e.g., "jpmph.2009.42.4.209". The full DOI appears as such: "10.3961/jpmph.2009.42.4. 209"

You can search the DO field by entering either the prefix in quotes ("10.3961".do.) or the entire DOI value in quotes ("10.3961/jpmph.2009.42.4.209".do.).

This field is displayed as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
RP Related Publication Type [Indexed]
 

The Related Publication Type (RP) field contains one of the following indicating the form of the literature indexed for the related item record.

This field is displayed as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
RR Related Accession Number [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Related Accession Number (RR) field contains the unique identifier of the related item record.

This field is displayed as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
RS Related Book Series [Word Indexed]
 

The Related Book Series (RS) field contains information relating to the series title of the related document as it appears with the publication. The Related Book Series (RS) field displays in the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
RT Related Item Title [Word Indexed]
 

The Related Item Title (RT) field contains the Title of the related article.

This field is displayed as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
RU Related Item Publisher [Word Indexed]
 

The Related Item Publisher (RU) field contains the name and optionally the address of the publisher/email for the related Journal, Book, Conference Proceeding, Report, Major Reference Work, Book Series or Trade Journal.

Enter the most distinctive part of a name to locate a publisher, for example: "elsevier".

Back 
RV Related Volume [Word Indexed]
 

The Related Volume (RV) field consists of the volume of a serial publication. This field displays as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
RW Related Item URL [Word Indexed]
 

The Related Item URL (RW) field will contain the URL information for internet only journals. The Related Item URL field displays in the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
RY Related Year [Phrase Indexed]
 

The Related Year (RY) field contains the year in which the related article or monograph was published. The full year appears in the related document and can be searched using a single 4-digit number.

This field displays as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
SH Embase Subject Headings [Phrase Indexed]
liver disease.sh.
 

The Embase Subject Headings (SH) field contains the Subject Headings used by the Embase indexers to describe the content of an article. These Subject Headings are organized in a hierarchy, which is called Emtree.

Embase Subject Headings are entered into the index as phrases, and should be searched as they appear in our Thesaurus display.

Back 
SI Indexing Status [Phrase Indexed]
type17.si.
 

The Indexing Status (SI) field indicate whether the indexing is:
(type 17) machine-generated
(type 8) manual

The indexing of the record is:
(status 001) in process
(status 002) final

Combining this with the Status (ST) information this allows you to recognize the status of the entire article.
So for instance: a record with enhancement type="17" status="001" is an In-Process article

Indexing Status: Enhancement type="17" status="001"

Back 
SL Summary Language [Phrase Indexed]
japanese.sl.
 

The Summary Language (SL) field contains the language or languages in which the abstract is written.

The summary language name appears in the index as the full language name (french). See "Display and Browse Indexes" in the Ovid Online Help for details on viewing and using a field index

Back 
SO Source (AR, BS, BT, CF, CG, DP, IP, JA, JN, PA, PG, PJ, VO, YR)
academic medicine.jn.
 

The Source (SO) field includes a display of all basic information needed to locate a citation, may contain the Journal Abbreviation, Journal Name, Preferred Journal Name, Book Title, Book Series, Conference Information, Part Number, Vol/Issue, Pagination, Year of Publication, Article Number and Date of Publication.

Back 
SR Related Source Type [Indexed]
 

The Related Source Type (SR) field contains information about the source type of the related document.

This field displays as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
ST Status [Phrase Indexed]
conference abstract.st.
 

The Status (ST) field contains the record status of the citation. It can be Article-in-Press, In-Process, Embase or CONFERENCE ABSTRACT record. If a record contains no Status, please look for the NLM Status (NS) instead.

Back 
SU Source Type [Indexed]
journal.su.
 

The Source Type (SU) field contains information about the source type of the document.

Back 
TI Title [Word Indexed]
409.ti.
 

The Title (TI) field contains the English language version of a title. For documents which are not written in English, the original or transliterated title appears in a separate field, Original Title (OT).

Back 
TJ Journal Translated Name [Phrase Indexed]
3 biotech.tj.
 

The Journal Translated Name (TJ) field contains the translated title of an individual journal issue.

Back 
TN Drug Trade Name [Word Indexed]
zyvoxid.tn.
 

The Drug Trade Name (TN) field contains the trade name for a drug or device discussed in an article.

View the index to see all Drug Trade Names. See Display and Browse Indexes in the Ovid Online Help for details on viewing and using a field index.

The Drug Trade Name (TN) displays with the Drug Manufacturer (MF) field in the citation.

Back 
TR Related Issue Part [Word Indexed]
 

The Related Issue Part (TR) field contains the Issue and/or part for a particular volume of the related journal. This field displays as part of the Related Item Information (RI) field.

Back 
TW Textword (AB, TI, TN)
h20.tw.
 

The Textword (TW) field is an alias for all of the fields in a database which contain text words and which are appropriate for a subject search.

The Textword field in Embase includes Title (TI), Abstract (AB), and Drug Trade Name (TN).

Back 
UR

URL [Word Indexed]
h1551.ur.

  The URL (UR) field will contain the URL information for internet only journals.
Back 
VO Volume [Word Indexed]
70-54-130-70-54-150.vo.
 

The Volume (VO) field consists of the volume of a serial publication.

This field is usually displayed as part of the Source (SO) field.

Back 
XT Triple Subheading [Phrase Indexed]
8 10 diallyloxy bergenin drug comparison arbutin.xt.
 

The Triple Subheading (XT) field contains key subheadings that include three level indexing. In consists of a main term, key subheading and a linked term. Triple indexing started in 2007 for drugs, 2009 for drug therapy and 2014 for devices.

The relationship between drugs, diseases or devices and their associated events, can be seen in individual results and can be used to search or get an overview of all linked terms. The field is phrase indexed and therefore the ADJ (adjacency) will NOT work correctly, please use Triple Subheading Word (XW).

Example:
Ranitidine / adverse drug reaction / skin allergy
skin allergy / side effect / Ranitidine

Back 
XW Triple Subheading Word [Word Indexed]
g47delta.xw.
 

The Triple Subheading Word (XW) is a word indexed version of Triple Subheading (XT) in which the ADJ (adjacency) function can be utilized.

Back 
YR Year of Publication [Phrase Indexed]
2104.yr.
 

The Year of Publication (YR) field contains the year in which an article or monograph was published. The full year appears in the document and can be searched using a single 4-digit number.

Year of Publication (YR) field also displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

Go: Menu or Back 

 

Advanced Searching
You can use special search syntax to combine search terms or strategically develop a search.
Operator Syntax Search Example Sample Results
OR x or y vitamin c or ascorbic acid

"a statistically significant decrease in the plasma L-ascorbic acid concentration "

  The OR operator retrieves records that contain any or all of the search terms. For example, the search heart attack or myocardial infarction retrieves results that contain the terms heart attack, myocardial infarction or both terms; results are all inclusive. You can use the OR operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
AND x and y anticancer and vitamin K

"Inhibition of rat liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy and induction of ERK phosphorylation by Cpd 5, a K vitamin-based anticancer compound. "

  The AND operator retrieves only those records that include all of the search terms. For example, the search blood pressure and stroke retrieves results that contain the term blood pressure and the term stroke together in the same record; results are exclusive of records that do not contain both of these terms. You can use the AND operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
NOT x not y blastula not embryo

"while twitchin and myorod appeared at the blastula stage (12 h after fertilization).

  The NOT operator retrieves records that contain the first search term and excludes the second search term. For example, the search health reform not health maintenance organizations retrieves only those records that contain the term health reform but excludes the term health maintenance organizations. In this way, you can use the NOT operator to restrict results to a specific topic.
You can use the NOT operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
Adjacency (ADJ) x y drug adj therapy

"Early ovarian carcinoma.....Surgical and drug therapy"

  The Adjacent operator (ADJ) retrieves records with search terms next to each other in that specific order. You do not need to separate search terms manually by inserting ADJ between them, because when you separate terms with a space on the command line, Ovid automatically searches for the terms adjacent to one another. For example, the search blood pressure is identical to the search blood adj pressure.
CheckTags
 

CheckTags are frequently searched terms that have been identified to bypass the mapping screen to help the searcher get to the results faster. Embase checktags terms includes the following:

Priority Journal Article
Newborn Human
Infant Nonhuman
Adolescent Letter
Adult Clinical Article
Aged Controlled Study
Age Note
Child Case Report
Male Major Clinical Study
Female  
Defined Adjacency (ADJn) x ADJn y patterning adj3 embryo  

"Nodal signalling are all critical for proper patterning of the vertebrate embryo"

  The defined adjacency operator (ADJn) retrieves records that contain search terms within a specified number (n-1) of words from each other in any order (stop-words included). To use the adjacency operator, separate your search terms with ADJ and a number from 1 to 99 as explained below:

           ADJ1     Next to each other, in any order
           ADJ2     Next to each other, in any order, up to 1 word in between
           ADJ3     Next to each other, in any order, up to 2 words in between
           ADJ99   Next to each other, in any order, up to 98 words in between

For example, the search physician adj5 relationship retrieves records that contain the words physician and relationship with a maximum of four words in between in either direction. This particular search retrieves records containing such phrases as physician patient relationship, patient physician relationship, or relationship between cancer patient and physician.
Please note Ovid’s order of operation handles terms within parentheses first. Therefore it is recommended to apply the ADJn operator in one-on-one operations to avoid missing out on results. E.g. stroke adj4 (blood pressure or high blood pressure) could potentially miss out on some combinations of stroke with high blood pressure. The optimum way to execute this on Ovid is: (stroke adj4 blood pressure) OR (stroke adj4 high blood pressure).
Frequency (FREQ) x.ab./FREQ=n blood.ab./freq=2

"To test this hypothesis, lactate concentrations in the whole blood, plasma and red blood cells of AS and AA were compared at rest "

  The frequency operator (FREQ) lets you specify a threshold of occurrence of a term in the records retrieved from your search. Records containing your search term are retrieved only if the term occurs at least the specified (n) number of times. In general, records that contain many instances of your search term are more relevant than records that contain fewer instances. The frequency operator is particularly useful when searching a text field, such as Abstract or Full Text, for a common word or phrase.
Unlimited Truncation ($) x$ rat$

"OBJECTIVE. To investigate apoptotic, degenerative, and inflammatory changes occurring in the cervical intervertebral discs of rats."

  Unlimited truncation retrieves all possible suffix variations of the root word indicated. To apply unlimited truncation to a term, type the root word or phrase followed by either of the truncation characters: $ (dollar sign) or : (colon). For example, in the truncated search disease$, Ovid retrieves the word disease as well as the words diseases, diseased, and more.
Limited Truncation ($) x$n dog$1

"an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) probe was placed in LCx in 29 dogs."
"and the response to HFS was blunted in one dog (10-11 V)."

  Limited truncation specifies a maximum number of characters that may follow the root word or phrase. For example, the truncated search dog$1 retrieves results with the words dog and dogs; but it does not retrieve results with the word dogma.
Mandated Wildcard (#) xx#y wom#n

"Inflammatory activity and anticardiolipin antibodies during tibolone treatment of healthy postmenopausal women. "
"We report the computed tomography features of a woman..."

  Searching with a mandated wildcard retrieves all possible variations of a word in which the wildcard is present in the specified place. You can use it at the end of a term to limit results to only those that contain the word plus the mandated character. For example, the search dog# retrieves results that contain the word dogs, but not those that contain the word dog, effectively limiting results to only those that contain the plural form of the word. The mandated wild card character (#) is also useful for retrieving specialized plural forms of a word. For example, the search wom#n retrieves results that contain both woman and women. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Optional Wildcard (?) xx?y colo?r

" one or more colours (95.5%)"
"in addition to the predictable red hair color (RHC) alleles"

  The optional wild card character (?) can be used within or at the end of a search term to substitute for one or no characters. This wild card is useful for retrieving documents with British and American word variants since it specifies that you want retrieval whether or not the extra character is present. For example, the optional wild card search colo?r retrieves results that contain the words color or colour. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Literal String ("") "x / y" "Heat / Cold Application"

"Patient education, psychological support, weight control, exercise, heat/cold application, and... "

"n" "3".vo

"Foodborne Pathogens & Disease. Vol. 3(2)(pp 212-215), 2006. "

 

Quotation marks can be used to retrieve records that contain literal strings, when the string includes special characters, such as a forward slash (/).

Quotation marks can also be used to retrieve records that contain numbers that may otherwise be confused for earlier searches. In the example, a search for 3.vo would limit the string from your third search in your search history to the volume field. By including the number in quotation marks, the search will retrieve documents with a 3 in the volume number.

Go: Menu or Back 

 

Stopwords
The Ovid search engine applies so called "run-time stopword processing". This means the search engine on the fly ignores the stopwords: and, as, by, for, from, in, is, of, on, that, the, this, to, was, were & with.

Therefore a search: at risk for diabetes.ti will also find: at risk of diabetes. The distance of one word in between is kept, but the stopword "for" is ignored.

Go: Menu or Back 

 

Limits
The following limits are available for this database. See Database Limits in the Ovid Online Help for details on applying limits.

Limit

Syntax

Abstracts

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to abstracts
Command Syntax: ..l/ ab=y
  A limit to Abstracts will restrict retrieval to Embase documents which include an abstract. About 60% of the documents in Embase contain abstracts.

Animals

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to Animals
 

A limit to Animals will restrict retrieval to all items involving animals.

Animal Studies

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to Animal Studies
 

A limit to Animal Studies will retrict retrieval to all times involving animal tissues, cells, models, or experiment.

Clinical Queries

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to "diagnosis (maximizes sensitivity)"
 

Limiting using Clinical Queries will restrict retrieval to clinically sound studies for all categories. There are 7 categories provided, and you can choose to emphasize Sensitivity (i.e., retrieves most relevant articles but also off target articles), Specificity (i.e., retrieves fewer relevant articles but also fewer off target articles), or both using the Best Balance (i.e., the combination of terms that optimizes the trade-off between sensitivity and specificity).

These filters, based on the work of Nancy L. Wilczynski PhD and R. Brian Haynes MD, PhD et al. of the Health Information Research Unit (HIRU) at McMaster University, are intended for clinicians. A detailed explanation of these search filters can be found at: http://hiru.mcmaster.ca/hedges/ .

Clinical Trials

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to clinical trial
 

A limit to Clinical Trials will restrict retrieval to various trial types indexed in Embase found in this limit. This allows for limiting to only those records that refer to trials in certain phase. For example limiting to Phase 3 Clinical Trial, will retrieve only those records that are Phase 3 Clinical Trials.

Clinical Trial  
Randomized Controlled Trial  
Controlled Clinical Trial  
Multicenter Study  
Phase 1 Clinical Trial  
Phase 2 Clinical Trial  
Phase 3 Clinical Trial  
Phase 4 Clinical Trial  

Cochrane Library

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to cochrane library
  A limit to Cochrane Library will restrict retrieval to Embase documents indexed with "Cochrane Library" in the subject heading. To limit records from the Cochrane systematic reviews, use the Journal Name (JN) field: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.jn

EBM-Evidence Based Medicine

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to evidence based medicine
 

A limit to Evidence Based Medicine will restrict retrieval of results to only Evidence Based Medicine records or subsets of those such as meta analysis, outcomes research etc.

Evidence Based Medicine  
Consensus Development  
Meta Analysis  
Outcomes Research  
Systematic Review  

English Language

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to english
Command Syntax: ..l/1 en=y
  A limit to English will restrict retrieval to articles which are written in the English language. Articles written in another language but which have an English abstract will be eliminated by a limit to English.

Exclude MEDLINE Journals

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to exclude medline journals
  A limit to Exclude MEDLINE Journals is based on a spreadsheet provided by Elsevier, updated one time each year towards the beginning of the year. It excludes records from journals indexed by MEDLINE. Some of these journals may also be indexed by Elsevier.

Experimental Subjects

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to amphibia
limit 1 to higher plant
limit 1 to microorganism
 

A limit to Experimental Subjects will restrict retrieval to various specific animal types used as experimental subjects.

Female

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to female
  A limit to Female will restrict retrieval to clinical or experimental studies on females, whether human or animal. The designation "female" includes in vitro studies on human or animal tissue or cells.

Full Text

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to Full Text
  A limit to Full Text will restrict retrieval to those citations for which there is a full text link. Both Ovid full text and external full text are included in this limit.

Human

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to human
Command Syntax: ..l/1 hu=y
  A limit to Human will restrict retrieval to all items concerning humans, including clinical articles and studies on humans as experimental subjects, or involving human tissue, cells or cell components.

Human Age Groups

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to infant
 

A limit by Human Age Groups will restrict retrieval to any of a number of broad age categories indexed in Embase.

Infant <to one year>

     

Embryo <first trimester>

Preschool Child <1 to 6 years>

 

Child <unspecified age>

Adolescent <13 to 17 years>

 

School Child <7 to 12 years>

Aged <65+ years>

 

Adult <18 to 64 years>

Languages

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to french
Command Syntax: ..l/1 lg=french
  A limit to Language will restrict retrieval to any of the languages indexed in Embase. If you choose Languages... you will be presented with a list of languages from which to select.

Latest Update

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to update
Command Syntax: ..l/1 up=y
  New documents are added to Embase daily & weekly. If you limit to Latest Update you will restrict retrieval to documents which were added to the database in the most recent database update.

Local Holdings

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to Local Holdings
 

A limit to local holdings will restrict retrieval to documents from journals held in your local library or library system.

If your System Administrator has created any special messages about a journal's availability, this message will display with the document in the Local Messages (LM) field.

Male

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to male
  A limit to Male will restrict retrieval to clinical or experimental studies on males, whether human or animal. The designation "male" includes in vitro studies on human or animal tissue or cells.

NLM Status

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to publisher
limit 1 to in-data-review
 

Limiting to one of the five Status available will restrict your results to those records containing that status according to the quality control step assigned by NLM.

In-Data-Review   PubMed/MEDLINE
In-Process   PubMed-not-MEDLINE
Publisher  
     

Ovid Full Text Available

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to Ovid Full Text Available
 

A limit to Ovid Full Text Available will restrict retrieval to those citations for which an Ovid full text link is available.

When viewing a citation with full text available use the LINK button to display the full text.

Priority Journals

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to priority
limit 1 to priority journals
  A limit to Priority Journals will restrict retrieval to approximately 2600 core titles indexed and assigned this status by Embase as a journal quality indicator. 'Priority journals' status indicates the journal meets Embase qualitative criteria, and includes for example the journal has a review board, the majority of the articles have abstracts, the content is in English and references are available.

Use this link for Elsevier's list of priority journals for Embase, see column J. (last updated May 2018)

Publication Types

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to review
limit 1 to article
 

A limit to Publication Types will restrict retrieval to any of the selected article types such as:

Article   Editorial
Article in Press   Erratum
Books  

Letter

Chapter   Note
Conference Abstract  

Review

Conference Paper   Short Survey
Conference Review  

Tombstone (retraction information)

Publication Year

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to (yr=2001-2002 and oral)
limit 1 to yr=2001
Command Syntax: ..l/1 yr=2002
  A limit to Publication Year will restrict retrieval to a publication year. After you chose Publication Year... you will be prompted to enter a year. Use the 4-digit form of year.

Records From

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to medline
 

A limit of Records From will restrict retrieval to documents that have either Elsevier or MEDLINE in Copyright information.

Embase (records indexed by Embase and are Elsevier copyrighted; this records may also have been indexed separately by MEDLINE)

MEDLINE (records identified as uniquely MEDLINE and have not been indexed by Elsevier)

Conference Abstract (records identified as uniquely Conference Abstract and are Elsevier copyrighted)

Retraction Notice

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to retraction notice
 

A limit to Retraction Notice will restrict retrieval to all articles the Publisher announced are no longer valid, and for which the Embase record is updated accordingly

Routes of Drug Administration

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to oral
  Routes of Drug Administration are the various ways in which drugs may be administered, such as "intramuscular" or "regional perfusion." If you choose Routes of Drug Administration... you will be presented with a comprehensive list from which to select.

Source Types

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to conference proceeding
limit 1 to major reference work
 

A limit to Source Types will restrict retrieval to any of the selected source types such as "book" or "journal".

Book   Major Reference Work
Book Series   Report
Conference Proceeding   Trade Journal
Journal    

Special Ovid Filters for Embase

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to Adverse Effects - focussed
limit 2 to Children
 

You can use Special Ovid Filters to restrict retrieval to a pre-defined set of records, populated by a special Ovid search strategy for that topic. As the results sets for these filters are created with every database update, the results display quickly. Ovid filters are “AND” combined with the search line you are trying to limit, unless stated otherwise (e.g. humans only).

Each of the search hedges below are based on publicly available filters that have been reviewed, translated and improved by Ovid expert searchers. While these filters aren’t validated by Ovid, we provide the full transcript for each filter below and we have placed a reference for each filter where applicable. You may want to review the underlying terms and modify them as necessary. Ovid welcomes your suggestions to enhance the filters; to provide feedback and ideas for the Special Ovid Filters, please contact support@ovid.com.

Adverse effects

exp adverse drug reaction/ or adverse.ti,ab,kw. or side effect?. ti,ab,kw. or side effect.fs. or exp drug overdose/ or overdos*.ti,ab,kw. or exp drug misuse/ or misus*.ti,ab,kw. or exp drug abuse/ or exp substance abuse/ or abus*.ti,ab,kw. or exp pregnancy/ or pregnan.ti,ab,kw. or exp pregnancy complications/ or exp lactation/ or exp breast feeding/ or (exp milk human/ and exp secretion/) or exp fertility/ or exp infertility/ or exp reproduction/ or exp fetus/ or exp embryo/ or terat*.ti,ab,kw. or exp drug efficacy/ or exp drug withdrawal/ or exp medication error/ or exp death/ or death*.ti,ab,kw. or fatal*.ti,ab,kw. or exp drug interaction/ or exp carcinogenicity/ or carcinogen*.ti,ab,kw. or mutagen*.ti,ab,kw. or exp 'off label drug use'/ or exp occupational exposure/ or exp toxicity/ or toxic*.ti,ab,kw. or pharmacotox*.ti,ab,kw. or neurotox*.ti,ab,kw. or cardiotox*.ti,ab,kw. or nephrotox*.ti,ab,kw. or immunotox*.ti,ab,kw. or hepatotox*.ti,ab,kw. or cytotox*.ti,ab,kw. or immunocytotox*.ti,ab,kw. or exp intoxication/ or exp congenital disorder/ or exp drug treatment failure/ or exp case report/ or case report?.ti,ab,kw. or exp environmental exposure/ or exp treatment contraindication/ or exp drug contraindication/ or exp injury/ or suicid*.ti,ab,kw. or exp poisoning/ or exp drug tolerance/ or exp treatment failure/ or exp drug resistance/ or exp substance-related disorders/ or drug resistance.fs.

Last reviewed 1 February 2018. This is based on guidelines provided by the European Medicines Agency (EMA), monitoring of medical literature and the entry of relevant information into the EudraVigilance database by the EMA. http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/index.jsp?curl=pages/regulation/general/general_content_000633.jsp

 
Adverse effects - focussed

exp *adverse drug reaction/ OR adverse.ti,kw. OR side effect?.ti,kw. OR side effect.fs OR exp *drug overdose/ OR overdos*.ti,kw. OR exp *drug misuse/ OR misus*.ti,kw. OR exp *drug abuse/ OR exp *substance abuse/ OR abus*.ti,kw. OR exp *pregnancy/ OR pregnan.ti,kw. OR exp *pregnancy complications/ OR exp *lactation/ OR exp *breast feeding/ OR (exp *milk human/ AND exp *secretion/) OR exp *fertility/ OR exp *infertility/ OR exp *reproduction/ OR exp *fetus/ OR exp *embryo/ OR terat*.ti,kw. OR exp *drug efficacy/ OR exp *drug withdrawal/ OR exp *medication error/ OR exp *death/ OR death*.ti,kw. OR fatal*.ti,kw. OR exp *drug interaction/ OR exp *carcinogenicity/ OR carcinogen*.ti,kw. OR mutagen*.ti,kw. OR exp *'off label drug use'/ OR exp *occupational exposure/ OR exp *toxicity/ OR toxic*.ti,kw. OR pharmacotox*.ti,kw. OR neurotox*.ti,kw. OR cardiotox*.ti,kw. OR nephrotox*.ti,kw. OR immunotox*.ti,kw. OR hepatotox*.ti,kw. OR cytotox*.ti,kw. OR immunocytotox*.ti,kw. OR exp *intoxication/ OR exp *congenital disorder/ OR exp *drug treatment failure/ OR exp *case report/ OR case report?.ti,kw. OR exp *environmental exposure/ OR exp *treatment contraindication/ OR exp *drug contraindication/ OR exp *injury/ OR suicid*.ti,kw. OR exp *poisoning/ OR exp *drug tolerance/ OR exp *treatment failure/ OR exp *drug resistance/ OR exp *substance-related disorders/ OR drug resistance.fs

Last reviewed 1 February 2018. This is similar to the filter above, but uses focussed subject headings and only uses Title and Keywords for the free-text component of the strategy.

 
Children

Includes records about neonate and birth to about 18 years

exp adolescence/ or exp adolescent/ or exp child/ or exp childhood disease/ or exp infant disease/ or (adolescen* or babies or baby or boy? or boyfriend or boyhood or child or child* or child*3 or children* or girl? or infant* or juvenil* or juvenile* or kid? or minors or minors* or neonat* or neonat* or newborn* or new-born* or paediatric* or peadiatric* or pediatric* or perinat* or preschool* or puber* or pubescen* or school or school child* or school* or schoolchild* or schoolchild* or teen* or toddler? or underage? or under-age? or youth*).ti,ab,kw,hw.

Last reviewed 1 February 2018. This Paediatrics filter is based on the Improved “Cochrane Childhood Cancer Group” Child filter published here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.09.012

 
Children - focussed

exp *adolescence/ or exp *adolescent/ or exp *child/ or exp *childhood disease/ or exp *infant disease/ or (adolescen* or babies or baby or boy? or boyfriend or boyhood or child or child* or child*3 or children* or girl? or infant* or juvenil* or juvenile* or kid? or minors or minors* or neonat* or neonat* or newborn* or new-born* or paediatric* or peadiatric* or pediatric* or perinat* or preschool* or puber* or pubescen* or school or school child* or school* or schoolchild* or schoolchild* or teen* or toddler? or underage? or under-age? or youth*).ti,kw.

Last reviewed 1 February 2018. This is similar to the filter above, but uses focussed subject headings and only uses Title and Keywords for the free-text component of the strategy.

 
Elderly

exp aged/ or exp geriatrics/ or exp elderly care/ or (centarian* or centenarian* or elder* or eldest or frail* or geriatri* or nonagenarian* or octagenarian* or octogenarian* or old age* or older adult* or older age* or older female* or older male* or older man or older men or older patient* or older people or older person* or older population or older subject* or older woman or older women or oldest old* or senior* or senium or septuagenarian* or supercentenarian* or very old*).ti,ab,kw.

Last reviewed 12 February 2018. This filter is based on the “Aged” filter from the Dutch Library Association: https://blocks.bmi-online.nl/catalog/7.

 
Elderly - focussed

exp *aged/ or exp *geriatrics/ or exp *elderly care/ or (centarian* or centenarian* or elder* or eldest or frail* or geriatri* or nonagenarian* or octagenarian* or octogenarian* or old age* or older adult* or older age* or older female* or older male* or older man or older men or older patient* or older people or older person* or older population or older subject* or older woman or older women or oldest old* or senior* or senium or septuagenarian* or supercentenarian* or very old*).ti,kw.

Last reviewed 12 February 2018. This is similar to the filter above, but uses focussed subject headings and only uses Title and Keywords for the free-text component of the strategy.

 
Humans only (removes records about animals)

NOT ((exp animal/ or exp invertebrate/ or nonhuman/ or animal experiment/ or animal tissue/ or animal model/ or exp plant/ or exp fungus/) not (exp human/ or human tissue/))

Last reviewed 12 February 2018. This filter is based on Ovid best practices. Most Ovid filters are “AND” combined with the line that is being limited. This filter is “NOT” combined with the search line that is being limited.

 
Pregnancy - wide

exp PREGNANCY/ or exp PREGNANCY DISORDER/ or exp OBSTETRIC PROCEDURE/ or exp BREAST FEEDING/ or exp BREAST FEEDING EDUCATION/ or exp BIRTH/ or exp CHILDBIRTH/ or CHILDBIRTH EDUCATION/ or LABOR PAIN/ or (ante natal or antenatal* or pre natal* or prenatal* or puerper* or postnatal* or postpartum or post partum or post natal* or peripartum or peri partum or prepregnancy or pre pregnancy or preconception* or pre conception* or periconception* or peri conception* or ((preterm or premature) and (labor or labour)) or eclamp* or preeclamp* or pre eclamp* or amniocentes* or chorion* vill* or breastfe* or breast fe* or lactation* or cesarean or caesarean or cesarian or caesarian or cesarien or caesarien or newborn* or new born* or tocoly* or fetal or foetal or fetus or foetus or miscarriage*).ti,ab,kw. or (pregnancy or pregnancies or pregnant).ti,kw.

Last reviewed 12 February 2018. Based on the Search strategy from the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group: Appendix 2, Embase-Ovid: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK379828/

 
Pregnancy - focussed

exp *PREGNANCY/ or exp *PREGNANCY DISORDER/ or exp *OBSTETRIC PROCEDURE/ or exp *BREAST FEEDING/ or exp *BREAST FEEDING EDUCATION/ or exp *BIRTH/ or exp *CHILDBIRTH/ or *CHILDBIRTH EDUCATION/ or *LABOR PAIN/ or (ante natal or antenatal* or pre natal* or prenatal* or puerper* or postnatal* or postpartum or post partum or post natal* or peripartum or peri partum or prepregnancy or pre pregnancy or preconception* or pre conception* or periconception* or peri conception* or ((preterm or premature) and (labor or labour)) or eclamp* or preeclamp* or pre eclamp* or amniocentes* or chorion* vill* or breastfe* or breast fe* or lactation* or cesarean or caesarean or cesarian or caesarian or cesarien or caesarien or newborn* or new born* or tocoly* or fetal or foetal or fetus or foetus or miscarriage*).ti,kw. or (pregnancy or pregnancies or pregnant).kw.

Last reviewed 12 February 2018. This is similar to the filter above, but uses focussed subject headings and only uses Title and Keywords for the free-text component of the strategy.

Status

Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to conference abstract
  A limit to Status will restrict retrieval to documents that is either Article-in-Press, In-Process, Embase or CONFERENCE ABSTRACT record.
Go: Menu or Back 

 

Tools
The following Search Tools are available for this database. For specific information on using these tools, refer to the Ovid Online Help linked below.
Go: Menu or Back 

 

Scope Note Definitions
The various types of history notes are now available in the Scope Note in exploded definition (e.g. 1974 [New preferred term]).
Go: Menu or Back 

 

Changing to this Database
To change a search session to a segment of this database from another database or another segment, use the following syntax in the Ovid Syntax tab:
  Command Syntax: ..c/emez
  Sentence Syntax: use emez
Go: Menu or Back 

 

Sample Documents
Sample 1
Accession Number:
	623280458
Status:
	CONFERENCE ABSTRACT
Title:
	Improving transfer safety for critically ill patients at Kings College Hospital, London.
Source:
	Journal of the Intensive Care Society. Conference: Intensive Care Society State of the Art, ICS 2017. United Kingdom. 19 
    	(2 Supplement 1) (pp 60), 2018. Date of Publication: May 2018.
Author:
	Jesty R.; Devlin A.; Townsend J.; Davies B.
Institution:
	(Jesty, Devlin, Townsend, Davies) Kings College Hospital, London, United Kingdom
Correspondence Address:
	R. Jesty, Kings College Hospital, London, United Kingdom
Country of Publication:
	Netherlands
Conference Start Date:
	20171204
Conference End Date:
	20171206
Publisher:	
	SAGE Publications Inc.
Subject Headings:
	adult
	case report
	checklist
	clinical article
	*college
	*critically ill patient
	*drug safety
	*England
	female
	human
	intensive care unit
	male
	nursing staff
	thinking
	trust
	conference abstract
Candidate Terms:
	conference abstract [other term]
Other Index Terms:
	adult; case report; checklist; clinical article; *college; *critically ill patient; *drug safety; *England; female; human; intensive care 
    	unit; male; nursing staff; thinking; trust
Abstract:
	Intra-hospital transfers (eg to CT/MRI/angiography suite) for Level 2 and Level 3 inpatients on critical care units at Kings are 
    	carried out by airway trained doctors and accompanied by nursing staff. Currently no pre-transfer checklist exists and we felt that 
    	developing such a checklist could improve the safety of the transfers by ensuring staff can be confident that equipment and 
   	medication required to make the transfer is available if required. There was also no clear system for how regularly, and by whom, 
   	the contents of the transfer bag were checked and it was carried out on an ad hoc basis. We surveyed 33 members of the 
  	medical and nursing staff working across critical care units and Kings College Hospital to evaluate whether they felt the safety of 
   	transfers could be improved. 73% of those surveyed were not aware of how often the transfer bags were checked, only 49% 
   	stated that if equipment was needed quickly it would be easy to find with the other 51% describing it as 'difficult' or 'very difficult' 
    	and 97% of those surveyed stated they thought a checklist to go through prior to each transfer would improve the safety of the 
   	transfers. A snapshot inspection of a number of the transfer bags found there to be no checking system in place with some 
   	expired items. The issue surrounding checking of the transfer bags has been rectified immediately with regular checks 
    	introduced. We have developed a short checklist to be filled out prior to intra-hospital transfers so that staff who do not work 
    	regularly together or are new to the trust can be confident that all essential equipment and drugs are in-date, available and have 
    	knowledge of their whereabouts if required in an emergency. The checklist will be implemented shortly and it's use will be re-
    	audited in the coming months.
ISSN:
	1751-1437
DOI:
	http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/175114...
Language:
	English
Summary Language:
	English
Source Type:
	Journal
Publication Type:
	Conference Abstract
Entry Week:
	201833
Date Delivered:
	20180802
Date Created:
	20180802
Year of Publication:
	2018
Copyright:
	Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
Sample 2
Accession Number:
	623280451
Status:
	CONFERENCE ABSTRACT
Title:
	Gender Correlation of patients on CIWA Protocol.
Source:
	Journal of the Intensive Care Society. Conference: Intensive Care Society State of the Art, ICS 2017. United Kingdom. 19 (2 
    	Supplement 1) (pp 122), 2018. Date of Publication: May 2018.
Author:
	Malik A.; Hameed A.A.; Ghionni N.; Maheshwari A.; Mohammed A.; Iriarte B.; Magsi K.; Valentino D.
Institution:
	(Malik, Hameed, Ghionni, Maheshwari, Mohammed, Iriarte, Valentino) Mercy Catholic Medical Center, Pennsylvania, United 
    	States
	(Magsi) Stony Brook University, New York, United States
Correspondence Address:
	A. Malik, Mercy Catholic Medical Center, Pennsylvania, United States
Country of Publication:	
	Netherlands
Conference Start Date:	
	20171204
Conference End Date:	
	20171206
Publisher:
	SAGE Publications Inc.
Subject Headings:
	adult
	community hospital
	controlled study
	drug therapy
	drug withdrawal
	female
	*gender
	human
	length of stay
	major clinical study
	male
	retrospective study
	statistical significance
	alcohol
	benzodiazepine
	conference abstract
Candidate Terms:
	conference abstract [other term]
Drug Index Terms:
	alcohol; benzodiazepine
Other Index Terms:
	adult; community hospital; controlled study; drug therapy; drug withdrawal; female; *gender; human; length of stay; major clinical 
   	study; male; retrospective study; statistical significance
Abstract:
	Introduction: Literature has shown that Benzodiazepines affect males and females differently for various reasons. We analyzed 
   	males and females on CIWA (Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment for Alcohol) protocol and studied their outcomes, 
   	benzodiazepine dosage, ICU length of stay (LOS) and hospital LOS. Methods: A retrospective observational hospital study in an 
   	adult ICU at an academic community hospital in an urban setting was administered with a total patient population of 56 
   	individuals. The groups were divided based on gender, male (n=46) and female (n=10). Subsets were compared using mean 
    	benzodiazepine dose, ICU LOS and hospital LOS. Results: The mean benzodiazepine dose was higher in the female patient 
    	population compared to male population (64 mg vs 28 mg, p-value=0.05). The mean ICU LOS was also higher in the female 
    	population compared to the male population, with a notable statistical significance (12 days vs 4.0 days, p-value=0.05). The 
    	mean hospital LOS was also higher for the female group when compared to the male group (13 vs 8 days, pvalue =0.05). 
    	Conclusions: There was a significant difference in the amount of benzodiazepine administered on the female patient population, 
    	which appears to have affected their ICU LOS and hospital LOS. The results are not entirely conclusive, due in part to the 
    	disproportionate gender representation and overall small number of patients.
CAS Registry Numbers:
	64-17-5 (alcohol); 12794-10-4 (benzodiazepine)
ISSN:
	1751-1437
DOI:
	http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/175114...
Language:
	English
Summary Language:
	English
Source Type:
	Journal
Publication Type:
	Conference Abstract
Entry Week:
	201833
Date Delivered:
	20180802
Date Created:
	20180802
Year of Publication:
	2018
Copyright:
	Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
Go: Menu or Back 

 

Producer Information
Producer
In North and South America
Elsevier Inc. (Corporate Office)
Suite 800, 230 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10169
Tel: +1 212 989 5800
Fax: +1 212 633 3990
In Japan
Elsevier Japan KK (Tokyo, Corporate Office)
1-9-15 Higashi-Azabu, Minato-Ku
Tokyo 106-0044, Japan
Tel: +81 3 5561 5033
Fax: +81 3 5561 5047
In Europe and Rest of World
Elsevier B.V. (Corporate Office)
Radarweg 29
Amsterdam 1043 NX, Netherlands
Tel: +31 20 485 3911
Website: https://www.elsevier.com/
Copyright
The databases created by Exerpta Medica are copyrighted by Elsevier Publishers B.V. No part of the databases may be copied in machine readable, hard copy or any other form, or made available for the use of any third party without permission of the copyright owner. Elsevier Publishers B.V. requires that the user signs a downloading agreement with ESP before the actual downloading takes place. This agreement will be sent to you after contacting one of the Exerpta Medica Marketing offices. Elsevier Publishers B.V. represents that Embase and Embase backfiles, and Embase subfiles were formulated with a reasonable standard of care and in conformance to professional standards in the field. Except with respect to the foregoing and as otherwise specifically provided in the agreement, Elsevier Publishers B.V., makes no representations or warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose, with respect to such databases and specifically disclaims all such warranties and representations. Elsevier Publishers B.V. also disclaims any legal liability or responsibility for any damages or loss, direct or indirect, sustained by the user of this database.
Go: Menu or Back