Books@Ovid Database Guide
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Ovid delivers key medical, nursing, and pharmacy texts from a variety of publishers to clinicians' desktops through the Books@Ovid database. Books@Ovid offers the complete text of these sources in a highly interlinked and easily navigated graphical interface, giving quick access to crucial diagnostic, research, and reference information.

The Books@Ovid database includes full text, references, updates, and graphics from some of the most respected sources in medicine, nursing, and pharmacology. A searcher can choose to run a search in one text, selected texts, or all texts. Color diagrams, charts, and other textbook illustrations are available as thumbnails or full-sized graphics. Within an individual book's interface, single-frame or multiple-frame environments contain the retrieved text. Buttons bars on the top and side of the screen facilitate navigation and provide links to the search page and Help. Search screens provide links to Home, Logoff, Help, and the main Ovid database screen. If the user is accessing a specific textbook, links are available to the text's table of contents and to the Search and Results screens, making it easier for searchers to jump from one book section to another.

Coverage and Online Update Frequency

Ovid updates books with most recent edition or with chapter/section updates when they are received from the publisher.

Publisher coverage includes titles from LWW, McGraw Hill, Oxford Publishers, Facts & Comparisons, and Lexicomp.

If your site has purchased specific book editions, these purchased editions can be searched and browsed with your online subscription.

 

Fields
The following list is sorted alphabetically by field alias. Click a field name to see the description and search information.
All Fields in this Database
  All Searchable Fields (AF) Front Matter (FM) Martindale Manufacturer Information (MI)
  All Titles (AT) Full Text (TX) Martindale Pharmacokinetics (PK)
  Author (AU) Heading Title (HD) Martindale Precautions (PC )
  Book Author Alternate Format (AO) ICD09 (I9) Martindale Preparations (PE)
  Book Editor (ED) ICD10 (I1) Pagination (PG)
  Book Editor Alternate Format (EF) Institution (IN) Publication Type (PT)
  Book Subset (SB) ISBN (IB) Publisher (PU)
  Book Text Excerpt (XP) ISSN (IS) Question and Answer (QA)
  Book Title (TI) Keyword (KW) References (RF)
  Book Title Word (BW) Language (LG) SNOWMED Code (SN)
  Byline Text (BT) Location of Publisher (LC) Subject Category (TS)
  Caption Text (CT) Martindale Adverse Effects (AE) Update Code (UP)
  Chapter Author (CH) Martindale Drug Treatment of Adverse Effects (TR) Year of Publication (YR)
  Chapter Title (TC) Martindale Drug Uses and Administration (UA)  
  Division Title (TD) Martindale Interactions (IT)      
  Edition Statement (ET)        
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Default Fields for Unqualified Searches (MP): Searching for a term without specifying a field in Advanced search, or specifying .mp., defaults to the following ‘multi-purpose’ (.mp.) fields for this database: tx,bt.
  Byline Text (BT) Full Text (TX)      
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Default Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: The following fields are included by default for each record.

  Author (AU) Edition Statement (ET) Publisher (PU)
  Book Editor (ED) ISBN (IB) Subject Category (TS)
  Book Subset (SB) ISSN (IS) Update Code (UP)
  Book Text Excerpt (XP) Language (LG) Year of Publication (YR)
  Book Title (TI) Location of Publisher (LC)      
  Chapter Author (CH) Publication Type (PT)      
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All Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: Use the Select Fields button in the Results Manager at the bottom of the Main Search Page to choose the fields for a record.

  Accession Number (AN) Book Title (TI) Publication Type (PT)
  Book Author Alternate Format (AO) Chapter Author (CH) Publisher (PU)
  Author (AU) Edition Statement (ET) Subject Category (TS)
  Book Editor (ED) ISBN (IB) Update Code (UP)
  Book Editor Alternate Format (EF) ISSN (IS) Year of Publication (YR)
  Book Subset (SB) Language (LG)      
  Book Text Excerpt (XP) Location of Publisher (LC)      
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Natural Language Search Fields [also Elements of the Full Text (TX) Field]: All fields from Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference are Natural Language Search fields, and are searched as part of the Full Text (TX) field; see the Drug Reference topic-based supplemental guide. (The guide will open in a new window.)

  Book Title Word (BW) Chapter Title (TC) Pagination (PG)
  Byline Text (BT) Division Title (TD) Question and Answer (QA)
  Caption Text (CT) Heading Title (HD) References (RF)
  Chapter Author (CH) Institution (IN)      
Bibliographic Fields: Bibliographic Fields use a metadata search to retrieve an entire title. Results from such searches link to the very first word of the retrieved book. Note that results from bibliographic field searches will not include a chapter author, chapter title or passage.
  All Titles (AT) Book Title Word (BW) Publication Type (PT)
  Author (AU) Edition Statement (ET) Publisher (PU)
  Book Editor (ED) ISBN (IB) Subject Category (TS)
  Book Subset (SB) ISSN (IS) Year of Publication (YR)
  Book Title (TI) Language (LG)      
Passage Excerpt Fields: Passage Excerpt Fields retrieve text from within the book. Results from such searches link to spans of text within the retrieved book. Note that results from full text field searches will include chapter, author, and/or chapter title, and/or passage.

All fields from Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference are also Passage Excerpt Fields; see the Drug Reference topic-based supplemental guide. (The guide will open in a new window.)

  Byline Text (BT) Division Title (TD) Institution (IN)
  Caption Text (CT) Front Matter (FM) Pagination (PG)
  Chapter Author (CH) Full Text (TX) Question and Answer (QA)
  Chapter Title (TC) Heading Title (HD) References (RF)
Topic-based Supplemental Guides: Drug Reference fields from Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference. (The guide will open in a new window.)
  Martindale Adverse Effects (AE) Martindale Interactions (IT) Martindale Precautions (PC)
  Martindale Drug Treatment of Adverse Effects (TR) Martindale Manufacturer Information (MI) Martindale Preparations (PE)
  Martindale Drug Uses and Administration (UA) Martindale Pharmacokinetics (PK)      
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The following list is sorted alphabetically by the two-letter label, and includes the relevant alias, at least one example for all searchable fields, and a description of the field.
Label Name / Example
AE Martindale Adverse Effects [Word Indexed]
headache.ae.
 

The Martindale Adverse Effects (AE) field is described in the topic-based Drug Reference Guide (Martindale). (The guide will open in a new window.)

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AF All Searchable Fields [Search Alias]
heart.af.
 

All Fields (AF) is an alias for all of the fields which occur in the source documents, including value-added fields such as Full Text (TX).

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AT All Titles [Word Indexed]
clinical.at.
 

A search of All Titles (at) will retrieve information from Book Title Word (BW), Heading Title (HD), Chapter Title (TC) and Division Title (TD).

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AO Book Author Alternate Format [Display Only]
 

Book Author Alternate Format (AO) contains the primary and contributing or secondary authors, as noted in the front matter of the book.

Book Author Alternate Format names appear in the format of first name followed by middle and last names.

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AU Author [Phrase Indexed]
dahl mark v.au.
  Book Author (AU) contains the primary and contributing or secondary authors, as noted in the front matter of the book.

Book Author names are phrase indexed and appear in the format of last name followed by first and middle names, or last name followed by up to two initials.

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BT Byline Text [Word Indexed]
editor.bt.
  The Byline Text (BT) field contains miscellaneous information about contributors to a book. Information about grants, dates of publisher acceptance, and so on, may be included in this field.
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BW Book Title Word [Word Indexed]
clinical.bw.
  The Book Title (BW) Word field contains a word indexed version of the original title of the book as it appears with the publication.
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CH Chapter Author [Phrase Indexed]
aaron cynthia k.ch.
  The Chapter Author (CH) index includes the names of all individuals or groups who contributed to the creation of a section of the book.

Author names are phrase indexed and appear in the format of last name followed by first and middle names, or last name followed by up to two initials. Chapter Authors can also be searched using the All Authors (AA) tag, for example aaron.aa.

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CT Caption Text [Word Indexed]
abdomen.ct.
  The Caption Text (CT) index contains descriptive caption information that accompanies any graphic which appears in the publication.
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ED Book Editor [Phrase Indexed]
barry beth.ed.
 

The Book Editor (ED) index includes the names of all individual(s) responsible for the editorial work in a book. Editors are typically listed in the Front Matter (FM) of a book.

Searching the Book Editor field also finds Secondary Editors, such as individual(s) responsible for the technical editorial work and management in a textbook. Secondary Editors are typically listed in the first pages of the textbook (usually on the same page as the copyright statement). Types of Secondary Editors include Managing Editors, Production Coordinators/Managers, Copy Editors, Designers, Illustration Planners, Project Editors/Managers, Acquisitions Editors, Sponsoring Editors, Developmental Editors, Assistants, Indexers, Compositors, Printers, and others.

Book Editor names are phrase indexed and appear in the format of last name followed by first and middle names, or last name followed by up to two initials.

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EF Book Editor Alternate Format [Display Only]
 

The Book Editor Alternate Format (EF) index includes the names of all individual(s) responsible for the editorial work in a book. Editors are typically listed in the front matter of a book.

Book Editor Alternate Format names appear in the format of first name followed by middle and last names.

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ET Edition Statement [Phrase Indexed]
9th edition.et.
 

The Edition Statement (ET) field specifies the revision number of a publication.

If your site accesses books through online subscriptions, this field indicates the most recent edition.

If your site accesses books through purchased editions, this field indicates the specific edition(s) your site has purchased.

Both online and purchased editions can be browsed and searched together in the Books@Ovid database.

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FM Front Matter [Word Indexed]
idiopathic.fm.
  The Front Matter (FM) field contains miscellaneous text in the first pages of the textbook. Front matter text tends to include disclaimer information, dedications, acknowledgements, prefaces, and the like.
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HD Heading Title [Word Indexed]
epidemiology.hd.
authors.hd.
 

The Heading Title (HD) field contains all the table of contents titles included in the main body of the text below the level of the chapter title. Heading titles may include Editors (ED), Chapter or Section Authors (CH), abbreviation, and other section headings typically found in textbooks, or may include book-specific headings.

For instance, a chapter on endocrinology might include a 1st level heading, 'Diabetes' to identify the diabetes section and second level headings such as Epidemiology, Etiology, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Follow-up. Information on the etiology of diabetes could be retrieved from such a book by searching "diabetes and etiology".hd.

Heading Titles display as part of the Full Text (TX) field.

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I1 ICD10 Code [Phrase Indexed]
A37.i1.
 

The ICD10 (I1) field contains the code used to represent a medical condition. Typically, there is a supporting text code, which is not captured within this field. For example, the ICD10 Code for "Whooping Cough" is A37.

ICD-10 was approved in 1990 by the World Health Assembly, and replaced ICD-09 in 1994.

The ICD is the international standard diagnostic classification for all general epidemiological and many health management purposes, and is used to classify diseases and other health problems recorded on health and vital records including death certificates and hospital records.

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I9 ICD09 Code [Phrase Indexed]
033.i9.
 

The ICD09 (I9) field contains the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, code used to represent a medical condition. Typically, there is a supporting text code, which is not captured within this field. For example, the ICD09 Code for "Whooping Cough" is 033.

ICD-09 was approved in 1975, and replaced by the World Health Assembly ICD-10 in 1994.

The ICD is the international standard diagnostic classification for all general epidemiological and many health management purposes, and is used to classify diseases and other health problems recorded on health and vital records including death certificates and hospital records.

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IB ISBN [Phrase Indexed]
0 781 72229 2.ib.
  ISBN (IB) is an optional field that specifies the unique number assigned by the International Standard Book Number Agency.
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IN Institution [Word Indexed]
oxford.in.
  The Institution Field (IN) lists the affiliation(s) of the editors, authors, and contributors as noted at the time of publication. The mailing address is often given, as are the names of the institutions and other contact information.

Enter a descriptive word or phrase found in the institution name or address (such as harvard, rather than university). Consider using both full spellings and standard abbreviations.

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IS ISSN [Phrase Indexed]
1089 5302.is.
  The ISSN (IS) field contains the International Standard Serial Number of the publication. It is an 8-digit number or combination of numbers and letters, separated by a hyphen (xxxx-xxxx) which corresponds to the name of the publication.
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IT Martindale Interactions [Word Indexed]
digoxin.it.
 

The Martindale Drug Interactions (IT) field is described in the topic-based Drug Reference Guide (Martindale). (The guide will open in a new window.)

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KW Keywords [Word Indexed]
obesity.kw.
 

The Keyword (KW) field contains the main topics of a section, chapter, or book, as specified by the publisher.

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LC Location of Publisher [Display Only]
  The Location of Publisher (LC) field contains the geographical location of the publishing headquarters.
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LG Language [Phrase Indexed]
english.lg.
  The Language (LG) field contains the language or languages in which the main body of the document is written.
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MI Martindale Manufacturer Information [Word Indexed]
wakefield.mi.
 

The Martindale Drug Manufacturer Information (MI) field is described in the topic-based Drug Reference Guide (Martindale). (The guide will open in a new window.)

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PC Martindale Precautions [Word Indexed]
nephropathic cystinosis.pc.
 

The Martindale Drug Precautions (PC) field is described in the topic-based Drug Reference Guide (Martindale). (The guide will open in a new window.)

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PE Martindale Preparations [Word Indexed]
abadox.pe.
 

The Martindale Drug Preparations (PE) field is described in the topic-based Drug Reference Guide (Martindale). (The guide will open in a new window.)

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PG Pagination [Phrase Indexed]
301.pg.
  The Pagination (PG) index contains every page number that is listed in a book and can be used to quickly locate a passage or citation.
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PK Martindale Pharmacokinetics [Word Indexed]
dephosphorylated.pk.
 

The Martindale Pharmacokinetics (PK) field is described in the topic-based Drug Reference Guide (Martindale). (The guide will open in a new window.)

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PT Publication Type [Phrase Indexed]
text reference.pt.
  The Publication Type (PT) field describes a document's overall form and substance in broad categories. These publication types are assigned by Ovid Technologies in order to unify the differing document types used by various publishers.

Available publication type are defined as follows.

  Atlas   Books in which figures comprise the primary or one of the primary content types and where the text tends to support the images.
  Clinical Manual / Handbook /
Quick Reference
  Books that provide concise and easily assimilated and generally practical information on subjects such as diseases, drugs, and clinical management and are organized for easy access using devices such as bullets, outlines and/or standard headings.
  Drug Reference   Books that are primarily focused on drugs, herbs (medications, etc.) and their usages, dosages, etc. These are typically but not always presented in a monographic format.
  Nursing Practice   Books that are primarily focused on nursing diagnosis, interventions, and/or evaluation, as related to direct care, consultation, and/or quality assurance for both general as well as specialty practice.
  Text / Reference   Books that serve as standard sources for a specialty, subspecialty, discipline or other broad topic. Such texts are often used as sources for academic, training and/or for
continuing education courses.
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PU Publisher [Phrase Indexed]
oxford university press.pu.
  The Publisher Field (PU) contains the name of the company who holds the copyright for the book. Usually, this is the same company responsible for the publication of the material.
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QA Question and Answer [Word Indexed]
haemophilus.qa.
laboratories.qa.
  The Question and Answer (QA) index allows searching of information that is presented as a multiple choice test, study question section, or essay question. The index includes the questions, optional answers, and usually the correct answers when they are provided.
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RF References [Word Indexed]
baboons.rf.
  The References Field (RF) includes bibliographic citations for publications cited by the authors of the document.
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SB Book Subset [Phrase Indexed]
clinical medicine.sb.
  The Book Subset (SB) field indicates one or more general areas of interest that the book covers.
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SN SNOMED Code [Phrase Indexed]
307496006.sn.
 

The SNOMED® (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine) (SN) field contains a code assigned for medical nomenclature. Typically, there is a supporting text code, which is not captured within this field. For example, the SNOMED Code for "Diverticulitis" is 307496006.

SNOMED-CT is a computerized clinical terminology system developed beginning in 1965 by the College of American Pathologists, and covering clinical data for diseases, findings, and procedures.

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TC Chapter Title [Word Indexed]
gastritis.tc.
  The Chapter Title (TC) field contains information relating to the original title of the book chapter as it appears with the publication.
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TD Division Title [Word Indexed]
abnormalities.td.
  The Division Title (TD) field contains information relating to sections within a book.
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TI Book Title [Phrase Indexed]
Bonica's Management of Pain.ti.
  The Book Title (TI) field contains information relating to the original title and subtitle of the document as it appears with the publication.
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TR Martindale Drug Treatment of Adverse Effects [Word Indexed]
poisoning.tr.
 

The Martindale Drug Treatment of Adverse Effects (TR) field is described in the topic-based Drug Reference Guide (Martindale). (The guide will open in a new window.)

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TS Subject Category [Phrase Indexed]
allergy & immunology.ts.
endocrinology.ts.
 

The Subject Category (TS) field allows the user to browse through the list of subject categories. Depending on a book's subject matter, it will be assigned to one or more categories.

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TX Full Text [Word Indexed] (BT, BW, CH, CT, HD, IN, PG, QA, RF, TC, TD )
implantation.tx.
  The Full Text (TX) field contains the complete body of the book and any back of the book resources, such as indices or appendices. This field allows you to retrieve all documents with even the most passing mention of your search term.

Since this field contains such a large quantity of diverse information, most searches for a specific subject will result in retrieval of higher relevance if conducted in the Chapter Title (TC) or Division Title (TD) fields. Note that metadata such as book title, editor, ISBN, and publisher must all be searched separately, as they are not included in the Full Text. Additionally, front matter is not included in the Full Text as it is indexed separately in the Front Matter (FM) field.

Searching TX will search the Byline Text (BT), Book Title Word (BW), Chapter Author (CH), Caption Text (CT), Heading Title (HD), Institution (IN), Pagination (PG), Question and Answer (QA), References (RF), Chapter Title (TC), and Division Title (TD) fields.

Stopwords, which include commonly occurring words such as "of" and "the" will display in the documents but do not appear in the Full Text index.

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UA Martindale Drug Uses and Administration [Word Indexed]
dosage.ua.
 

The Martindale Drug Treatment of Adverse Effects (TR) field is described in the topic-based Drug Reference Guide (Martindale). (The guide will open in a new window.)

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UP Update Code [Word Indexed]
20040401.up.
 

The Update Code (UP) field contains a 8-digit number representing the year, month and day (in YYYYMMDD format) in which documents were published in this database.

Enter the desired date in the format "YYYYMMDD" where "YYYY" corresponds to the 4-digit year, "MM" to the 2-digit month and "DD" to the day. Use truncation 199711$.up. or 1997$.up. to retrieve all the records added in a particular month or year.

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XP Book Text Excerpt [Display Only]
  The Book Text Excerpt (XP) field displays specific information for the chapter in which a search result was retrieved, including the chapter title, authors, and an excerpt from the text.
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YR Year of Publication [Word Indexed]
"2004".yr.
  The Year (YR) field represents the year in which the document was copyrighted or published.
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Advanced Searching
You can use special search syntax to combine search terms or strategically develop a search.
Operator Syntax Search Example Sample Results
OR x or y vitamin c or ascorbic acid

"vitamin C for tissue repair"

 

The OR operator retrieves records that contain any or all of the search terms. For example, the search heart attack or myocardial infarction retrieves results that contain the terms heart attack, myocardial infarction or both terms; results are all inclusive. You can use the OR operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
AND x and y HPV and cancer

"Human papilloma virus (HPV) has been associated with squamous cell abnormalities of the cervix"

 

The AND operator retrieves only those records that include all of the search terms. For example, the search blood pressure and stroke retrieves results that contain the term blood pressure and the term stroke together in the same record; results are exclusive of records that do not contain both of these terms. You can use the AND operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
NOT x not y autism not aspergers

"autism, and obsessive-compulsive disorders"

 

The NOT operator retrieves records that contain the first search term and excludes the second search term. For example, the search health reform not health maintenance organizations retrieves only those records that contain the term health reform but excludes the term health maintenance organizations. In this way, you can use the NOT operator to restrict results to a specific topic.
You can use the NOT operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
Adjacency (ADJ) x y cancer HPV

"of cervical cancer, and HPV infection in women "

 

ADJn is a positional operator that lets you retrieve records that contain your terms (in any order) within a specified number (n) of words of each other. To apply adjacency, separate your single word search terms with the ADJ operator and a number from 1 to 99. This operator will not work properly when your search terms are multiple word terms, (e.g. phrases).
Defined Adjacency (ADJn) x ADJn y patterning adj3 embryo

"patterning in the Drosophila melanogaster embryo"

 

The defined adjacency operator (ADJn) retrieves records that contain search terms within a specified number (n-1) of words from each other in any order (stop-words included). To use the adjacency operator, separate your search terms with ADJ and a number from 1 to 99 as explained below:

           ADJ1     Next to each other, in any order
           ADJ2     Next to each other, in any order, up to 1 word in between
           ADJ3     Next to each other, in any order, up to 2 words in between
           ADJ99   Next to each other, in any order, up to 98 words in between

For example, the search physician adj5 relationship retrieves records that contain the words physician and relationship with a maximum of four words in between in either direction. This particular search retrieves records containing such phrases as physician patient relationship, patient physician relationship, or relationship between cancer patient and physician.
Please note Ovid’s order of operation handles terms within parentheses first. Therefore it is recommended to apply the ADJn operator in one-on-one operations to avoid missing out on results. E.g. stroke adj4 (blood pressure or high blood pressure) could potentially miss out on some combinations of stroke with high blood pressure. The optimum way to execute this on Ovid is: (stroke adj4 blood pressure) OR (stroke adj4 high blood pressure).
Frequency (FREQ) x.ab./FREQ=n blood.tx./freq=5

"infection via transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products accounted for nearly 3% of AIDS cases"

 

The frequency operator (FREQ) lets you specify a threshold of occurrence of a term in the records retrieved from your search. Records containing your search term are retrieved only if the term occurs at least the specified (n) number of times. In general, records that contain many instances of your search term are more relevant than records that contain fewer instances. The frequency operator is particularly useful when searching a text field, such as Abstract or Full Text, for a common word or phrase.
Unlimited Truncation ($) x$ rat$

"rate: 70–90% within 48–72 hr"

 

Unlimited truncation retrieves all possible suffix variations of the root word indicated. To apply unlimited truncation to a term, type the root word or phrase followed by either of the truncation characters: $ (dollar sign) or : (colon). For example, in the truncated search disease$, Ovid retrieves the word disease as well as the words diseases, diseased, and more.
Limited Truncation ($) x$n dog$1

"Dog bite or cat bite."

 

Limited truncation specifies a maximum number of characters that may follow the root word or phrase. For example, the truncated search dog$1 retrieves results with the words dog and dogs; but it does not retrieve results with the word dogma.
Mandated Wildcard (#) xx#y wom#n

"active women with uterine/adnexal tenderness or cervical motion tenderness"

 

Searching with a mandated wildcard retrieves all possible variations of a word in which the wildcard is present in the specified place. You can use it at the end of a term to limit results to only those that contain the word plus the mandated character. For example, the search dog# retrieves results that contain the word dogs, but not those that contain the word dog, effectively limiting results to only those that contain the plural form of the word. The mandated wild card character (#) is also useful for retrieving specialized plural forms of a word. For example, the search wom#n retrieves results that contain both woman and women. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Optional Wildcard (?) xx?y colo?r

"color, consistency, amount, and frequency"

 

The optional wild card character (?) can be used within or at the end of a search term to substitute for one or no characters. This wild card is useful for retrieving documents with British and American word variants since it specifies that you want retrieval whether or not the extra character is present. For example, the optional wild card search colo?r retrieves results that contain the words color or colour. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Literal String ("") "x / y" "hot / cold"

"Very hot or very cold foods may worsen."

  "n" "3".tc

"Chapter: Aspirin with Codeine (Empirin #1, #2, #3, #4) [C]"

 

Quotation marks can be used to retrieve records that contain literal strings, when the string includes special characters, such as a forward slash (/).

Quotation marks can also be used to retrieve records that contain numbers that may otherwise be confused for earlier searches. In the example, a search for 3.tc would limit the string from your third search in your search history to the Chapter Title (TC) field. By including the number in quotation marks, the search will retrieve documents with a 3 in the chapter title.

Searching a Specific Book
  In addition to the above searching techniques, Books@Ovid allows you to perform natural language searches on a specific book. Use the Limit to book drop down list on the Books@Ovid Main Search Page to select from the books to which your site subscribes. Select the book to search before performing the search.

By default, the menu is set to search all books. See the Books@Ovid Main Search Page (MSP) help context for more information.

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Stopwords
Stopwords are words of little intrinsic meaning that occur too frequently to be useful in searching text. You cannot search for the following stopwords by themselves, but you can include them within phrases by placing the entire phrase within quotation marks.
a can how no seem through
about could however nor seen thus
after did if not several to
again do in now should under
all does into obtain show up
almost done is obtained showed upon
also during it of shown use
although each its often shows used
always either itself on significant using
among enough just only significantly various
an especially kg or since very
and etc km other so was
another followed largely our some we
any following like out such were
approximately for made over suggest what
are found mainly overall than when
as from make per that whereas
at further may perhaps the which
be give might possible their while
because given min previously theirs with
been giving mm quite them within
before had more rather then without
being hardly most really there would
between has mostly regarding these      
both have must resulted they      
but having nearly resulting this      
by here neither same those      
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Limits
The following limits are available for this database. See Database Limits in the Ovid Online Help for details on applying limits.

Limit

Syntax
Book Subsets Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to Nursing
  The Books Subsets limit restricts retrieval of records to a predetermined set of health professional categories, such as "Clinical Medicine" or "Nursing." Selecting a Book Subset limit retrieves titles of books associated only with that category. For example, a limit to the Nursing subset retrieves only titles of nursing books. Book Subsets are listed alphabetically from the Limit a Search Page.
Publication Type Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to atlas
  The Publication Type limit restricts retrieval of records to specific publication types including "Atlas", "Drug Reference", "Nursing Practice", and so on. Selecting a Publication Type limit retrieves records of only that publication type. For example, a limit to the Drug Reference publication type retrieves records that are used for drug reference. Publication Types are listed alphabetically from the Limit a Search Page.
Publication Year Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to yr="2005 - 2006"
Command Syntax: ..l/ yr=1997
  The Publication Year limit restricts retrieval to records published during any of the years covered in the Books@Ovid database. Currently, years of publication covered by Books@Ovid are 1998-2004(?). Publication year options are presented in a pull-down menu in a four-digit format, as in the year "1989" or the range of years "1994-1995." The Publication Year limit option is available from the main Search Page and the Limit a Search Page.
Subject Categories Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to biology
  The Subject Category limit restricts retrieval of records to a specific health subject, such as "Alternative and Complimentary Medicine" or "Neurology." Selecting a Subject Category limit retrieves titles of books associated only with that subject. For example, a limit to the Neurology subject retrieves only titles of books that include topics about neurology. Subject Categories are listed alphabetically from the Limit a Search Page. Note that some books are assigned to more than one subject category.
Limiting to a Specific Book
 

In addition to the above limits, Books@Ovid allows you to perform natural language searches on a specific book. Use the Limit to book drop down list on the Books@Ovid Main Search Page to select from the books to which your site subscribes. Select the book to search before performing the search.

By default, the menu is set to search all books. See the Books@Ovid Main Search Page (MSP) help context for more information.

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Changing to this Database
To change a search session to a segment of this database from another database or another segment, use the following syntax in the Ovid Syntax tab:
  Command Syntax: ..c/books
  Sentence Syntax: use books
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Sample Documents
Sample 1 -- Bibliographic Book Record
Book Editor
  Victor, Maurice; Ropper, Allan H.
Edition Statement
  7th Edition
Book Title
  Adams & Victors' Principles of Neurology
Publisher
  McGraw-Hill
Location of Publisher
  United States of America
Language
  ENGLISH
ISBN
  0-07-067497-3
Publication Type
  Text/Reference
Book Subset
  Behavioral & Social Sciences, Clinical Medicine
Subject Category
  Neurology, Internal Medicine, Primary Care/Family Medicine/General Practice, 
  Psychology
Year of Publication
  2001
Sample 2 -- Passage-Based Records
Book Editor
  Yamada, Tadataka; Alpers, David H.; Kaplowitz, Neil; Laine, Loren; Owyang, 
  Chung; Powell, Don W.
Edition Statement
  4th Edition
Book Title
  Textbook of Gastroenterology
Publisher
  Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Location of Publisher
  530 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106 USA LWW.com
Language
  ENGLISH
ISBN
  0-7817-2861-4
Publication Type
  Text/Reference
Book Subset
  Clinical Medicine
Subject Category
  Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology
Year of Publication
  2003
Book Text Excerpt
  Chapter Title: PULMONARY DISORDERS
  Passage Text: PULMONARY DISORDERS Part of " CHAPTER 128 - GASTROINTESTINAL 
  MANIFESTATIONS OF SYSTEMIC DISEASES " a 1 -Antitrypsin Deficiency a 1 
  -Antitrypsin (aAT) deficiency is an autosomal recessive inherited condition 
  that is the most common genetic cause of liver disease in children. It is 
  also associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic liver 
  disease, and hepatocellular cancer in adults. The ZZ phenotype has been 
  associated most frequently with severe disease. 429 Adult patients can be 
  screened effectively by serum aAT levels. Those with an aAT level below 80 
  mg/mL should undergo aAT phenotyping. 430 Liver disease tends to manifest 
  late in life and is associated with inclusion bodies containing entangled 
  polymers of mutant Z aAT.
Sample 3 -- Passage-Based, Relevancy Ranked Record (natural Language Search)
Score
  *****
Book Editor
  Tatro, David S.
Edition Statement
  2004 Edition
Book Title
  A to Z Drug Facts
Publisher
  Facts and Comparisons
Location of Publisher
  111 West Port Plaza, Suite 300, St. Louis, Missouri 63146-3098 
  www.drugfacts.com
Language
  ENGLISH
ISBN
  1-57439-132-1
Publication Type
  Drug Reference
Book Subset
  Behavioral & Social Sciences, Health Professions, Nursing, Clinical Medicine
Subject Category
  Pharmacy, Pharmacology, Psychopharmacology, Pharmaceuticals
Year of Publication
  2003
Book Text Excerpt
  Chapter Title: Zolmitriptan
  Passage Text: ... heat, flushing, tiredness, dizziness, heaviness, or pressure 
  occur after treatment. Advise patient that drug may cause fatigue or dizziness 
  and to use caution while driving or performing other activities requiring 
  mental alertness. Advise patient to avoid unnecessary exposure to sunlight or 
  tanning lamps and to use sunscreen and wear protective clothing to avoid 
  photosensitivity reactions. Instruct patient to continue taking prescribed 
  migraine prophylactic medications daily as directed. Advise patient not 
  currently taking a migraine prophylactic drug to discuss the use of such drugs
  with health care provider.
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Copyright

The copyright for each book is held by the respective publisher and/or author(s). For the book copyright information, view the copyright for each book that is found on the Book Banner.

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The Books@Ovid platform is proprietary to Wolters Kluwer Health Medical Research Division and/or Ovid Technologies, Inc. (herein after “Ovid”) and may only be used by authorized users of subscribing institutions for internal or personal research. Authorized users may (i) print data obtained from searches and make limited copies of such printed search results, (ii) download data obtained from searches and (iii) retransmit search results electronically or otherwise to a limited number of authorized users at the same institution. Authorized users are precluded from: (i) copying, duplication, redistribution, retransmission, publication, transfer or commercial or other exploitation of the database or screens that represent the content held therein or pursuant to any user guidelines provided by Ovid, (ii) preparation of derivative works or incorporation of the database or screens that represent the content held therein in any other work or system; (iii) downloading of the contents in their entirety or lengthy sequence. Authorized users are referred to the individual copyright holder and/or to the copyright holder's usage guidelines for each book for additional restrictions which may be imposed by the copyright holder.

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