BIOSIS Previews® Database Guide
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BIOSIS Previews ® encompasses the entire field of life sciences and provides comprehensive coverage of the world’s published biological and biomedical research. This includes traditional areas of biology, such as botany, zoology and microbiology, as well as experimental, clinical and veterinary medicine, biotechnology, environmental studies, and agriculture. Interdisciplinary fields such as biochemistry, biophysics and bioengineering are also included. More than 6,500 serials are monitored for inclusion. In addition to full-length research articles from serials, and database also cover national and international meetings, reviews, technical letters and notes, meeting reports (from 1989 to present), software (1992 to present), and books.

The BIOSIS Previews ® (1969 to present) database includes the contents of BIOSIS print publications:

Biological Abstracts® (1969 to present)
Biological Abstracts/RRM® (1980 to present)

From July 1976 to December 1993, 100% of articles cited in Biological Abstracts have abstracts. These citations make up 50% of the BIOSIS Previews database for that time period. From January 1994 to present, only 75% of articles cited in Biological Abstracts will have abstracts in BIOSIS Previews. From 1985 to present, all main book records in Biological Abstracts/RRM have abstracts in BIOSIS Previews.

The BIOSIS Previews ® database is updated weekly

Controlled Vocabulary

The Controlled Vocabulary (Authority File) contains lists of the controlled vocabulary terms used in BIOSIS Previews, Biological Abstracts and Biological Abstracts/RRM databases from 1993 forward. In most implementations of the databases, controlled vocabulary terms are accompanied by information including Broader and Narrower Terms, Related Terms, Used For Terms, and Scope Notes.

Segments and Years of Coverage

Name   Years of Coverage
BIOSIS Previews       1969 to Present
BIOSIS Previews Archives      

1926 - 1968 -- see the BIOSIS Previews® Archive Database Guide for archive details.

The BIOSIS segmentation changes each calendar year, due to special considerations for this database. Contact Ovid Support for segmentation information for your jumpstarts.

The limit of databases that you can select for a multifile search session is based upon database segments rather than actual databases. The Ovid multifile segment limit is set at 120 to avoid impacting your search sessions. Until 2019, your BIOSIS subscription will not amount to more than 44 segments.

This database is updated online weekly.

 

Fields
The following list is sorted alphabetically by field alias. Click a field name to see the description and search information.
All Fields in this Database
  Abstract (AB) ISSN (IS) Patent Number (PN)
  Accession Number (AN) Issue (IP) Publication Type (PT)
  Author Email (AE) Item URL (IU) Publisher Information (PI)
  Author/Editor/Inventor  (AU) Journal Name (JN) Record Owner (RO)
  BIOSIS Update (BU) Journal URL (JL) Registry Numbers (RN)
  Biosystematic Codes (BC) Journal Words (JX) Sequence Data (SQ)
  Book Author/Editor (BE) Languages (LG) Series ISBN (SB)
  Book Title (English) (BT) Literature Type (LT) Series ISSN (SI)
  Chemical Information (CI) Major Concepts (MC) Series Title (SE)
  Chemicals & Biochemicals (CB) Meeting Information (MF) Series Volume (SV)
  Concept Codes (CC) Meeting Sponsor (SP) Source (SO)
  Country (CY) Methods & Equipment (MQ) Super Taxa (ST)
  Date Granted (DG) Miscellaneous Descriptors (MI) Taxa Notes (TN)
  Date of Publication (DP) Organisms (OR) Textword (TW)
  Digital Object Identifier (DO) Original Language Book Title (non-English) (BO) Time (TM)
  Diseases (DS) Original Title (non-English) (OT) Title (TI)
  Gene Name (GN) Pagination (PG) Update Code (UP)
  Geopolitical Locations (GE) Parts, Structures & Systems of Organisms (PS) URL (UR)
  Heading Words (HW) Patent Assignee (PA) Volume (VO)
  Institution (IN) Patent Class (CL) Year of Publication (YR)
  ISBN (IB) Patent Country (PC)  
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Default Fields for Unqualified Searches (MP): Searching for a term without specifying a field in Advanced search, defaults to the following “multi-purpose” (.mp.) fields for this database: ab,bc,bo,bt,cb,cc,ds,ge,gn,mc,mi,mq,or,ps,sq,st,ti,tm,tn.
  Abstract (AB) Geopolitical Locations (GE) Sequence Data (SQ)
  Biosystematic Codes (BC) Major Concepts (MC) Super Taxa (ST)
  Book Title (English) (BT) Methods & Equipment (MQ) Taxa Notes (TN)
  Chemicals & Biochemicals (CB) Miscellaneous Descriptors (MI) Time (TM)
  Concept Codes (CC) Organisms (OR) Title (TI)
  Diseases (DS) Original Language Book Title (non-English) (BO)      
  Gene Name (GN) Parts, Structures & Systems of Organisms (PS)      
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Default Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: The following fields are included by default for each record.

  Abstract (AB) Languages (LG) Publication Type (PT)
  Accession Number (AN) Literature Type (LT) Publisher Information (PI)
  Author/Editor/Inventor (AU) Major Concepts (MC) Record Owner (RO)
  Biosystematic Codes (BC) Meeting Information (MF) Registry Numbers (RN)
  Chemicals & Biochemicals (CB) Meeting Sponsor (SP) Sequence Data (SQ)
  Concept Codes (CC) Methods & Equipment (MQ) Series ISBN (SB)
  Country (CY) Miscellaneous Descriptors (MI) Series ISSN (SI)
  Date Granted (DG) Organisms (OR) Source (SO)
  Diseases (DS) Original Title (non-English) (OT) Super Taxa (ST)
  Gene Name (GN) Parts, Structures & Systems of Organisms (PS) Taxa Notes (TN)
  Geopolitical Locations (GE) Patent Assignee (PA) Time (TM)
  Institution (IN) Patent Class (CL) Title (TI)
  ISBN (IB) Patent Country (PC) Update Code (UP)
  ISSN (IS) Patent Number (PN) Year of Publication (YR)
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All Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: Use the Select Fields button in the Results Manager at the bottom of the Main Search Page to choose the fields for a record.

  Abstract (AB) Journal URL (JL) Publication Type (PT)
  Accession Number (AN) Languages (LG) Publisher Information (PI)
  Author/Editor/Inventor (AU) Literature Type (LT) Record Owner (RO)
  Biosystematic Codes (BC) Major Concepts (MC) Registry Numbers (RN)
  Chemicals & Biochemicals (CB) Meeting Information (MF) Sequence Data (SQ)
  Concept Codes (CC) Meeting Sponsor (SP) Series ISBN (SB)
  Country (CY) Methods & Equipment (MQ) Series ISSN (SI)
  Date Granted (DG) Miscellaneous Descriptors (MI) Source (SO)
  Diseases (DS) Organisms (OR) Super Taxa (ST)
  Gene Name (GN) Original Title (non-English) (OT) Taxa Notes (TN)
  Geopolitical Locations (GE) Parts, Structures & Systems of Organisms (PS) Time (TM)
  Institution (IN) Patent Assignee (PA) Title (TI)
  ISBN (IB) Patent Class (CL) Update Code (UP)
  ISSN (IS) Patent Country (PC) Year of Publication (YR)
  Item URL (IU) Patent Number (PN)      
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Elements of Source (SO) Field: Ovid searches the following fields as part of the record source.
  Book Author/Editor (BE) Journal Name (JN) Series Volume (SV)
  Book Title (English) (BT) Original Language Book Title (non-English) (BO) Volume (VO)
  Date of Publication (DP) Pagination (PG) Year of Publication (YR)
  Issue (IP) Series Title (SE)      
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The following list is sorted alphabetically by the two-letter label, and includes the relevant alias, at least one example for all searchable fields, and a description of the field.
Label Name / Example
AB Abstract [Word Indexed]
idiopathic.ab.

 

The Abstract (AB) index contains the abstract text as provided by the author of the source document. BIOSIS editors provide abstract text for book main citations, those which describe the book as a whole, and for meeting summary and main cite items, which describe the meeting as a whole.

The abstract index contains all searchable words from the abstract. You may also notice literal representations of symbols. These abbreviations were enclosed in periods prior to 1994, for example, .tbd. (= triple bond). You will find a list of these literals in the BIOSIS Search Guide.

Note: also that the character string GRAPHICS appears in place of chemical structures, mathematical formulae and other special symbols which cannot be displayed.

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AE Author Email [Word Indexed]
martensson.ae.

 

The Author E-Mail (AE) index contains e-mail addresses of the source document authors. Each e-mail address element is separated, so your search should include as many elements as possible (e.g., jane, smith, villanova, and edu). Author EMail information displays in the Author (AU) field.

Note: this field is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

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AN, UI Accession Number [Phrase Indexed]
PREV200300587432.an.

 

The Accession Number (AN) index contains a unique identifying number for each item.

The Accession Number is composed of three elements: a product identification code, product year, and an item number, i.e., PREVYYYYnnnnnnnn.

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AU Author/Editor/Inventor [Phrase Indexed]
tonneau jean-philippe.au.

 

The Author/Editor/Inventor (AU) index contains the author name(s) or organization responsible for the source document. Author role and e-mail information is not present in the index but will display in the record. The format for authors is last name followed by first name and/or initials: Smith James or Smith J.

Enter the last name, or if it is a common name, enter the last name and first initial. If you are unsure of the spelling of the last name (macdonald or mcdonald), enter one version and then scroll through the list of names to find the other.

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BC Biosystematic Codes [Phrase Indexed]
75314.bc.
diptera new taxon.bc.

 

The Biosystematic Codes (BC) index contains the BIOSIS Biosystematic Code for an organism(s) and the corresponding organism classifier discussed in the source; document. The Biosystematic Code will be presented in brackets ([]) followed by the organism classifier. The classifier may also be followed by new taxon, which identifies when new taxa are discussed in the source item.

You may search Biosystematic Codes by name or code; you may also add "new   taxon" to each (for example, muridae new taxon.bc. or 86375 new taxon.bc.).

Note: the Biosis Previews Archive does not support the use of "new taxon," which is only available from 2003 onwards.

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BE Book Author/Editor [Phrase Indexed]
bonneval pierre.be.

 

The Book Author/Editor (BE) index contains the authors name or an individual organization responsible for the source book. The role of the author is not present in the index but will display in the record. Book Author/Editor coverage begins in 1993.

The format for authors is last name followed by first name or initials: Smith James or Smith J. Enter the last name, or if it is a common name, enter the last name and first initial. If you are unsure of the spelling of the last name (macdonald or mcdonald) enter one version, then scroll through the list of names to find the other.

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BO Original Language Book Title (non-English) [Word Indexed]
cultivo.bo.

 

The Original Language Book Title (non-English) (BO) index contains the non-English title and subtitle of a book. This field will not appear if the source book was published in English or, in the case of titles published in multiple languages, the English language version was the one processed by BIOSIS. Original Language Book Title coverage begins in 1993.

This field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

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BT Book Title (English) [Word Indexed]
adult.bt.

 

The Book Title (English) (BT) index contains the English-language version of the book title and subtitle. Literalizations are substituted for special characters and symbols. If the Book Title is the result of a BIOSIS translation of a non-English title, it will appear in square brackets ([]).

The Book Title (English) field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

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BU BIOSIS Update [Phrase Indexed]
20100903.bu.

 

The BIOSIS Update (BU) index contains the day the item was originally produced by BIOSIS. For items produced 1969-1998, BIOSIS Update contains only the year of production; for items produced 1999-present, BIOSIS Update contains the month, day, and year of production.

This field displays as part of the Update Code (UP) field.

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CB Chemicals & Biochemicals [Phrase Indexed]
artemisinin 63968 64 9.cb.

 

The Chemicals & Biochemicals (CB) field contains the name of a chemical or biochemical which is described in the source. Each Chemical/Biochemical name could be followed by one or more of the following modifiers:

Chemical Variant
CAS Registry Number
Drug Modifiers
Chemical Role
Chemical Process
Enzyme Commission number

The modifiers are individually added to the terms to create phrases, as well as being indexed separately. You can search for individual terms or search for terms and modifiers as phrases.

For example, if the source data is "p38 kinase: 165245-96-5, regulation", you can search the phrase "p38 kinase.cb." or "p38 kinase regulation.cb." to ensure that the modifier "regulation" refers to the term of interest. You can search the modifiers separately, or search a term and modifier as a phrase (as above) to ensure the accuracy of your search.

Chemicals & Biochemicals coverage begins in 1993. Chemical Role is searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary Chemical Role in the tool.

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CC Concept Codes [Phrase Indexed]
37052.cc.
aerospace and underwater biology.cc.

 

The Concept Codes (CC) field contains headings and five-digit codes representing broad biological concepts mentioned in the document.

You may search Concept Codes by either code or expansion. For example, Behavioral Biology Human behavior.cc. or 07004.cc.

Note that concept code groups are routinely uploaded to the first three digits. Entering the first few letters of the full heading or the first few digits of the code in the index is a particularly effective way to search Concept Codes.

Concept Codes are searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary Concept Codes in the tool.

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CI Chemical Information [Search Alias]

 

The Chemical Information (CI) index contains Chemicals & Biochemicals (CB), Gene Name (GN), and Sequence Data (SQ). This is an alias index.

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CL Patent Class [Display Only]

 

The Patent Class (CL) field contains the class and subclass numbers of the United States Patent Classification Scheme that have been assigned to the source patent by the US Patent Office.

Patent Class coverage begins in 1986.

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CY Country [Phrase Indexed]
central african republic.cy.

 

The Country (CY) index contains the corresponding author’s country taken from the postal address.  In some cases abbreviations are used, for example:  USA. 

Country coverage begins in 1978.

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DG Date Granted [Phrase Indexed]
"april 02 2002".dg.

 

The Date Granted (DG) index contains the date found on the cover of the issue of the Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office from which the source patent was taken.  The month will be abbreviated for citations published before 2001. 

Date Granted coverage begins in 1986.

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DO Digital Object Identifier [Phrase Indexed]
10 1002 ab 20276.do.

 

The DOI (DO) field contains the record's Digital Object Identifier.

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DP Date of Publication [Display Only]

 

The Date of Publication (DP) field contains the date of publication for a citation. This field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

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DS Diseases [Phrase Indexed]
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.ds.

 

The Diseases (DS) index contains the name of a plant, animal, or human disease, disorder, or pathological condition as discussed in the source document.  Each Disease could be followed by one or more of the following modifiers:

Disease Variant
Disease MeSH Term
Disease Affiliation
Disease Detail

The modifiers are individually added to the terms to create phrases, as well as being indexed separately.  You can search for individual terms or search for terms and modifiers as phrases.

For example, if the source data is “focal epilepsy: (Epilepsy (MeSH)), nervous system disease, diagnosis”, you can search the phrase "focal epilepsy diagnosis.ds." to ensure that the modifier "diagnosis" refers to the term of interest.  You can search the modifiers separately, or search a term and modifier as a phrase (as above) to ensure the accuracy of your search.

Diseases coverage begins in 1998.

Disease affiliations are searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary Disease Modifiers in the tool.

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GE Geopolitical Locations [Phrase Indexed]
ivory coast.ge.

 

The Geopolitical Locations (GE) index describes a location or place mentioned in the source document.  Each Geopolitical Location could be followed by one or more of the following modifiers:

Geographic Variant
Geopolitical Terms
Zoogeographical Region

The modifiers are individually added to the terms to create phrases, as well as being indexed separately.  You can search for individual terms or search for terms and modifiers as phrases.

For example, if the source data is “Edmonton: Alberta, Canada, North America, Nearctic region”, you can search the phrase "edmonton".ge. or "edmonton canada".ge to ensure that the modifier "canada" refers to the term of interest.  You can search the modifyers separately, or search a term and modifier as a phrase (as above) to ensure the accuracy of your search.

Geopolitical Locations coverage begins in 1993.

Geopolitical Terms and Zoogeographical Regions are searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary Geographic Classifiers in the tool.

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GN Gene Name [Phrase Indexed]
human luciferase reporter gene.gn.

 

The Gene Name (GN) index contains the name of a gene, gene family or loci as well as the organism classifier within square brackets ([]), as described in the source document.  Each Gene Name could be followed by one or more of the following modifiers:

Gene Name Variant
Gene Detail

The modifiers are individually added to the terms to create phrases, as well as being indexed separately.  You can search for individual terms or search for terms and modifiers as phrases.

For example, if the source data is “human 12S rRNA gene [Hominidae]: human 12S ribosomal RNA gene, C-insertion, cosegregation, mutation”, you can search the phrase "human 12S rRNA gene.gn." or "human 12S ribosomal RNA gene.gn." to ensure that the modifier "human 12S ribosomal RNA gene" refers to the term of interest. You can search the modifiers separately, or search a term with a modifier (for example, human 12S rRNA gene.gn. AND c-insertion.gn.) to ensure the accuracy of your search.

Gene Name coverage begins in 2001. 

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HW Heading Words [Word Indexed]
gastropoda.hw.
cardiovascular.hw.

 

Sometimes you may wish to retrieve every Subject field that includes a particular word or phrase. You may do this by searching the word in the Heading Word (HW) index.

Heading Word includes the fields:

Chemicals & Biochemicals (CB)       Organisms (OR)
Concept Codes (CC)       Parts, Structures & Systems of Organisms (PS)
Diseases (DS)       Registry Numbers (RN)
Gene Name (GN)       Sequence Data (SQ)
Geopolitical Locations (GE)       Super Taxa (ST)
Major Concepts (MC)       Taxa Notes (TN)
Miscellaneous Descriptors (MI)       Time (TM)
Methods & Equipment (MQ)            

In addition to all valid terms in the tool.

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IB ISBN [Phrase Indexed]
"0851995918".ib.

 

The ISBN (IB) index contains the International Standard Book Number that was assigned to the source book or book series by the publisher; it may also contain an indication of which edition of the book the ISBN was assigned to: hardcover, cloth, paperback, etc.

ISBN coverage begins in 1980.

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IN Institution [Word Indexed]
mcgill.in.

 

The Institution (IN) index contains the postal address of the corresponding author of the source document, who will be identified by 'Reprint Author'. The Institution is in the language of the source document, and may include the following information: department name or corporate division, institution or organization name, street address, city, town, country, state or province, Zip Code or postal code, and country.

Institution coverage begins in 1978.

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IP Issue [Phrase Indexed]
"1432".ip.

 

The Issue (IP) index contains the number of the issue of a serial publication of the source item. Supplement information will also appear here when applicable. The IP field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

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IS ISSN [Phrase Indexed]
0048 2951.is.

 

The ISSN (IS) index contains the International Standard Serial Number assigned to the serial or series title of the source item. The ISSN is nine characters, two sets of numeric characters separated by a hyphen. The ISSN may be followed by an indicator of which edition it refers to, within parentheses.

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IU

Item URL [Word Indexed]
futuremedicine.iu.

 

The Item URL (IU) field contains the electronic URL address for the item and the date that the URL was cited and/or revised. The format is highly variable, but follows the Internet-common practice for URL. Item URL coverage begins in 1998.

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JL Journal URL [Word Indexed]
bioscience.jl.

 

The Journal URL (JL) field contains the recorded URL of the Journal Name at the time the source item was processed by BIOSIS. The format is highly variable, but follows the Internet-common practice for URL.

Journal URL coverage begins in 1998.

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JN Journal Name [Phrase Indexed]
journal of virology.jn.
journal of virol$.jn.

 

The Journal Name (JN) index contains the title of the serial publication in which the source item appears.

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JX Journal Words [Word Indexed]
journal.jx.

 

The Journal Word (JX) field contains individual words from every journal name. This field can be used to retrieve every occurrence of a journal which includes a particularly distinctive word or phrase, such as "forestry". A single heavily posted word, such as "journal", will search slowly. Therefore, include such a word within a phrase from the title when appropriate. For example, if you are looking for a title with "pharmaceutical" and "journal", enter the phrase in one search statement rather than searching each word individually and and then combining the two. Your search statement will look similar to this: (pharmaceutical and journal).jx.

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LG Languages [Phrase Indexed]
English.lg.

 

The Language (LG) index contains the language(s) of the source item. Use "Display Index(es)" to determine a language's three-letter short-code.

Language coverage begins in 1978.

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LT Literature Type [Phrase Indexed]
literature review.lt.

 

The Literature Type (LT) field contains one of more terms which describe the type of content of the source document.

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MC Major Concepts [Phrase Indexed]
allied medical sciences.mc.

 

The Major Concepts (MC) index indicates the broad subject area discussed in the source item. Terms following the colon indicate the broader subject areas.

The modifiers are individually added to the terms to create phrases, as well as being indexed separately. You can search for individual terms or search for terms and modifiers as phrases.

For example, if the source data is "Allergy: Clinical Immunology, Human Medicine, Medical Sciences", you can search the phrase "allergy.mc." or "allergy medical sciences.mc." to ensure that the modifier "medical sciences" refers to the term of interest. You can also search the modifiers separately, such as "medical sciences.mc.".

Major Concepts are searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary Major Concept Terms in the tool.

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MF Meeting Information [Word Indexed]
honolulu.mf.

 

The Meeting Information (MF) field contains the title, location, and date or date range of a scientific meeting or conference described in the item or from which the item was taken.

Meeting title coverage begins in 1969; location and date coverage begins in 1993.

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MI Miscellaneous Descriptors [Word Indexed]
abiotic.mi.

 

The Miscellaneous Descriptors (MI) field contains terms and phrases or names taken from the source document. Qualifiers may also be listed after the colon. These entries are not specific to any of the other index lists. Records from 1969-1992 contain all indexing terms in a single upper case entry.

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MQ Methods & Equipment [Phrase Indexed]
scanning electron microscopy.mq.

 

The Methods & Equipment (MQ) index contains terms describing a method, apparatus or scientific technique discussed in the source document. Each term could be followed by one of more of the following modifiers:

Methods & Equipment Variant
Equipment Type
Methods & Equipment Supplier
Methods & Equipment Role
Methods & Equipment Detail

The modifiers are individually added to the terms to create phrases, as well as being indexed separately. You can search for individual terms or search for terms and modifiers as phrases.

For example, if the source data is "cryotechnique protocols: histochemical method, protocol", you can search the phrase "cryotechnique protocols.mq." or "cryotechnique protocols histochemical method.mq." to ensure that the modifier "histochemical method" refers to the term of interest. You can also search the modifiers separately, such as "histochemical method.mq.".

Methods & Equipment coverage begins in 1998.

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OR Organisms [Phrase Indexed]
anopheles moucheti.or.

 

The Organisms (OR) index contains the name of an organism as given by the author(s) of the source document. Each organism name could be followed by one or more of the following modifiers:

Type of Name       Organism Role
Organism Variant       Fossil Indicator
Organism Variant Type of Name       Gender
Organism New Taxon       Organism Detail
Developmental Stage       Organism Classifier

The modifiers are individually added to the terms to create phrases, as well as being indexed separately. You can search for individual terms or search for terms and modifiers as phrases.

For example, if the source data is "Sprague-Dawley rat: adult, male [Muridae]", you can search the phrase "sprague-dawley rat.or." or "sprague-dawley rat male.or." to ensure that the modifier "male" refers to the term of interest. You can search the modifiers separately, or search a term and modifier as a phrase (as above) to ensure the accuracy of your search.

Organisms coverage begins in 1993.

Taxonomic levels are searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary Type of Name; Organism New Taxon is searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary New Taxon Modifiers; Developmental Stages are searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary Developmental Stage; Organism Role is searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary Organism Role; Fossil Indicator is searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary Fossil Modifiers; and Gender is searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary Gender.

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OT Original Title (non-English) [Display Only]

 

The Original Title (non-English) (OT) field contains the non-English title of an item described within the citation, taken from the source item. Literalizations are substituted for special characters and symbols. The Original Title is indexed in the Title (TI) index.

Original Title (non-English) coverage begins in 1998.

It is also available in the Biosis Previews® Archive.

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PA Patent Assignee [Word Indexed]
syngenta.pa.

 

The Patent Assignee (PA) field contains the name of the person or organization to whom the rights to the patent have been assigned.

Patent Assignee coverage begins in 1986.

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PC Patent Country [Word Indexed]
usa.pc.

 

The Patent Country (PC) field contains the name of the country in which the patent was granted.

Patent Country coverage begins in 1986.

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PG Pagination [Word Indexed]
"1303".pg.

 

The Pagination (PG) index contains the total or inclusive pagination for the source document.

The Page field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.

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PI Publisher Information [Word Indexed]
cifor.pi.

 

The Publisher Information (PI) index contains the name and address of the publisher that produced the source book. The information is not standardized. Enter the single most descriptive word in an institution (heart not association), and consider both full spellings and abbreviations.

Publisher Information coverage begins in 1993.

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PN Patent Number [Word Indexed]
"6470827".pn.
appln.pn.

 

The Patent Number (PN) field contains an abbreviation followed by the patent number: the abbreviation indicates the patent-granting country, and the number is assigned by the granting agency.

Patent Number coverage begins in 1986.

Note: this field is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

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PS Parts, Structures & Systems of Organisms [Phrase Indexed]
smooth muscle cell.ps.

 

The Parts, Structures & Systems of Organisms (PS) field contains components of organisms above the macromolecular level as discussed in the source document. Each Part, Structure and System of Organisms could be followed by one or more of the following modifiers:

  Parts, Structures & Systems of Organisms Variant
  Parts, Structures & Systems of Organisms Organ System
  Parts, Structures & Systems of Organisms Detail

The modifiers are individually added to the terms to create phrases, as well as being indexed separately. You can search for individual terms or search for terms and modifiers as phrases.

For example, if the source data is "gastrocnemius muscle: muscular system, ultrastructure", you can search the phrase "gastrocnemius muscle.ps." or "gastrocnemius muscle ultrastructure.ps." to ensure that the modifier "ultrastructure" refers to the term of interest. You can search the modifiers separately, or search a term and modifier as a phrase (as above) to ensure the accuracy of your search.

Parts, Structures & Systems of Organisms coverage begins in 1998.

It is also available in the Biosis Previews Archive. Organ Systems are searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary Organ System Modifiers in the tool.

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PT Publication Type [Phrase Indexed]
book chapter.pt.

 

The Publication Type (PT) field contains one or more terms used to describe the type of the source document.

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RN Registry Numbers [Phrase Indexed]
sulbactam.rn. (before 1993)
68373-14-8.rn.

 

The Registry Numbers (RN) index contains five- to nine-digit CAS Registry Numbers (R) and chemical names for the chemicals discussed in the source document. Beginning in 1993, the Registry Numbers will display with their main terms, either in the Chemicals and Biochemicals (CB) or the Sequence Data (SQ) field.

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RO Record Owner [Display Only]

 

The Record Owner (RO) field indicates the original producer of the item or the current copyright holder.

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SB Series ISBN (SB) [Display Only]

 

The Series ISBN (SB) field contains the International Standard Book Number that was assigned to the book series.

Series ISBN coverage begins in 1980.

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SE Series Title [Display Only]

 

The Series Title (SE) field contains the title of the series.

Series Title information displays in the Source (SO) field and is indexed in the Title (TI) index.

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SI Series ISSN [Display Only]

 

The Series ISSN (SI) field contains the International Standard Serial Number assigned to the series. The ISSN is nine characters, two sets of numeric characters separated by a hyphen.

Series ISSN coverage begins in 1980.

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SO Source
journal of virology.so.
2 supplement.so.
online.so.
"1992".so.

 

The Source (SO) field includes a display of all the basic information needed to locate a citation, including the full Journal Name (JN), Book Title (BT) or Monograph Publisher, the Volume (VO), Issue (IP), Pagination (PG), Date of Publication (DP), Book Author/Editor (BE), Original Language Book Title (BO). The Source field also displays the Series Title (SE) and Series Volume (SV) information.

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SP Meeting Sponsor [Word Indexed]
academy.sp.

 

The Meeting Sponsor (SP) field contains the name of an organization that supported or funded the scientific meeting or conference.

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SQ Sequence Data [Phrase Indexed]
nucleotide sequence.sq.

 

The Sequence Data (SQ) index contains an accession number for a molecular sequence as assigned by a databank and as cited in the source document. Each Sequence Data number could be followed by one or more of the following modifiers:

Molecular Sequence Database
CAS Registry Number (R)
Sequence Detail

The modifiers are individually added to the terms to create phrases, as well as being indexed separately. You can search for individual terms or search for terms and modifiers as phrases.

For example, if the source data is "AF072127: GenBank, 385283-33-0, 385283-35-2, 385283-35-2, nucleotide sequence", you can search the phrase "af072127.sq." or "af072127 nucleotide sequence.sq." to ensure that the modifier "nucleotide sequence" refers to the term of interest. You can also search the modifiers separately, such as "nucleotide sequence.sq.".

Sequence Data coverage begins in 1989.

Sequence Detail is searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary Sequence Type Modifiers in the tool.

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ST Super Taxa [Phrase Indexed]
"actinomycetes and related organisms".st.

 

The Super Taxa (ST) field contains the organism classifier and corresponding BIOSIS Biosystematic Code followed by the high-level taxonomic terms. This permits retrieval of items that refer to broad categories of organisms, including microorganisms. Super Taxa are presented in order from lowest level taxa to highest.

The Super Taxa is searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary Super Taxa Terms in the tool.

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SV Series Volume [Display Only]

 

The Series Volume (SV) field contains the volume number of the series and is indexed in the Volume (VO) index. Series Volume information dispalys as part of the Source (SO) field.

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TI Title [Word Indexed]
dna.ti.

 

The Title (TI) index contains the English-language title that is described within the citation. Literalizations are substituted for special characters and symbols, such as 'alpha' for Greek letter alpha and 'fwdarw' for a forward arrow.

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TM Time [Phrase Indexed]
jurassic.tm.
cambrian paleozoic.tm.

 

The Time (TM) index contains a geological time period or era mentioned in the source document. Each geological time period could be followed by one or more of the following modifiers:

  Geologic Time Classifier
  Geologic Time Detail

The modifiers are individually added to the terms to create phrases, as well as being indexed separately. You can search for individual terms of search for terms and modifiers as phrases.

For example, if the source data is "Age of the Southern Plains: Miocene, Pliocene", you can search the phrase "Age of the Southern Plains.tm." or "Age of the Southern Plains Pliocene.tm." to ensure that the modifier "Pliocene" refers to the term of interest. You can search the modifiers separately, or search a term and modifier as a phrase (as above) to ensure the accuracy of your search.

Time coverage begins in 1993.

Geologic Time Classifiers are searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary Geologic Time Classifier in the tool.

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TN Taxa Notes [Phrase Indexed]
marsupials.tn.
nonvascular plants.tn.

 

The Taxa Notes (TN) field contains the organism classifier followed by common names of broad groups of organisms and microorganisms discussed in the source document.

The Taxa Notes are searchable via the Controlled Vocabulary Taxa Note Terms in the tool.

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TW Textword [AB, HW, MI, MQ, SQ, TI]
ultrastructure.tw.

 

The Textword (TW) index includes all of the fields in a database which contain text words and are appropriate for a subject search.

The Textword index includes Abstract (AB), Heading Words (HW), Miscellaneous Descriptors (MI), Methods & Equipment (MQ), Sequence Data (SQ), and Title (TI).

Back 
UP Update Code [Phrase Indexed]
“200900”.up.

 

The Update Code (UP) field contains a six-digit number indicating the year and the week of the update. For example, 201009 represents the update for the ninth week of 2010. You will also notice some data contains week 00. For example, 200900 represents a full year update which happens when we do reloads.

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UR URL [Word Indexed]
pdf.ur.

 

The URL (UR) index contains all the electronic URL address present in the Book URL (BL), Publisher URL (PL), Journal URL (JL) and Item URL (IU) fields. The format is highly variable, but follows the Internet-common practice for URLs.

Back 
VO Volume [Word Indexed]
"123".vo.

 

The Volume (VO) index contains the volume number or other sequential designation of the serial publication of the source item. This index also includes the Series Volume information.

Volume is displayed as part of the Source (SO) field.

Back 
YR Year of Publication [Phrase Indexed]
"2010".yr.

 

The Year of Publication (YR) field contains the publication year as it appears within the source document.

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Advanced Searching
You can use special search syntax to combine search terms or strategically develop a search.
Operator Syntax Search Example Sample Results
OR x or y vitamin c or ascorbic acid "variations of vitamin C and phenolics"
"ascorbic acid as a cofactor"

 

The OR operator retrieves records that contain any or all of the search terms. You can use the OR operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
AND x and y vitamin c and ascorbic acid "ascorbic acid in an O/W cream reduced oxidative stress in human skin significantly better than the derivative sodium ascorbyl-2-phosphate, a more stable vitamin C replacement "

 

The AND operator retrieves only those records that include all of the search terms. Results are exclusive of records that do not contain both of these terms. You can use the AND operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
NOT x not y blastula not embryo "at the mesenchyme blastula stage"

 

The NOT operator retrieves records that contain the first search term and excludes the second search term. In this way, you can use the NOT operator to restrict results to a specific topic.
You can use the NOT operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
Adjacency (ADJ) x y blastula adj embryo "injected them into wild type blastula...the mutant embryos"

 

The Adjacent operator (ADJ) retrieves records with search terms next to each other in that specific order. You do not need to separate search terms manually by inserting ADJ between them, because when you separate terms with a space on the command line, Ovid automatically searches for the terms adjacent to one another. For example, the search blood pressure is identical to the search blood adj pressure.
CheckTags
 

CheckTags are frequently searched terms that have been identified to bypass the mapping screen to help the searcher get to the results faster. BIOSIS Previews checktags terms includes the following:

Microorganisms Mammals
Plants Mammalia
Plantae Nonhuman Mammals
Nonvascular Plants Primates
Vascular Plants Nonhuman Primates
Animals
Human
Animalia Humans
Invertebrates Hominidae
Invertebrata hominidae [86215]
Insects Hominidae [86215]
Chordates Human Patient
Chordata Hominidae Patient
Vertebrates  
Vertebrata  
Nonhuman Vertebrates  
Defined Adjacency (ADJn) x ADJn y patterning adj3 embryo "spatial patterning in the early mouse embryo "

 

The defined adjacency operator (ADJn) retrieves records that contain search terms within a specified number (n-1) of words from each other in any order (stop-words included). To use the adjacency operator, separate your search terms with ADJ and a number from 1 to 99 as explained below:

           ADJ1     Next to each other, in any order
           ADJ2     Next to each other, in any order, up to 1 word in between
           ADJ3     Next to each other, in any order, up to 2 words in between
           ADJ99   Next to each other, in any order, up to 98 words in between

For example, the search physician adj5 relationship retrieves records that contain the words physician and relationship with a maximum of four words in between in either direction. This particular search retrieves records containing such phrases as physician patient relationship, patient physician relationship, or relationship between cancer patient and physician.
Please note Ovid’s order of operation handles terms within parentheses first. Therefore it is recommended to apply the ADJn operator in one-on-one operations to avoid missing out on results. E.g. stroke adj4 (blood pressure or high blood pressure) could potentially miss out on some combinations of stroke with high blood pressure. The optimum way to execute this on Ovid is: (stroke adj4 blood pressure) OR (stroke adj4 high blood pressure).
Frequency (FREQ) x.ab./FREQ=n blood.ab./freq=5 "to isolate peripheral blood...with cynomolgus monkey blood...Blood samples were collected...centrifugation of blood samples...lower red blood cell"

 

The frequency operator (FREQ) lets you specify a threshold of occurrence of a term in the records retrieved from your search. Records containing your search term are retrieved only if the term occurs at least the specified (n) number of times. In general, records that contain many instances of your search term are more relevant than records that contain fewer instances. The frequency operator is particularly useful when searching a text field, such as Abstract or Full Text, for a common word or phrase.
Unlimited Truncation ($) x$ rat$ "Method of using deuterated calcium"
"with fluid temperature response "

 

Unlimited truncation retrieves all possible suffix variations of the root word indicated. To apply unlimited truncation to a term, type the root word or phrase followed by either of the truncation characters: $ (dollar sign) or : (colon).
Limited Truncation ($) x$n dog$1 "pharmacology studies in beagle dogs"
"Characterization of the dog Agouti gene "

 

Limited truncation specifies a maximum number of characters that may follow the root word or phrase. For example, the truncated search dog$1 retrieves results with the words dog and dogs; but it does not retrieve results with the word dogma.
Mandated Wildcard (#) xx#y wom#n "and women aged 25-54 years"
"infection on the woman "

 

Searching with a mandated wildcard retrieves all possible variations of a word in which the wildcard is present in the specified place. You can use it at the end of a term to limit results to only those that contain the word plus the mandated character. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Optional Wildcard (?) xx?y colo?r "a visible color"
"Colour mutants show that "

 

The optional wild card character (?) can be used within or at the end of a search term to substitute for one or no characters. This wild card is useful for retrieving documents with British and American word variants since it specifies that you want retrieval whether or not the extra character is present. For example, the optional wild card search colo?r retrieves results that contain the words color or colour. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
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Stopwords

The Ovid search engine applies so called "run-time stopword processing". This means the search engine on the fly ignores the stopwords: and, as, by, for, from, in, is, of, on, that, the, this, to, was, were & with.

Therefore a search: at risk for diabetes.ti will also find: at risk of diabetes. The distance of one word in between is kept, but the stopword "for" is ignored.

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Limits
The following limits are available for this database. See Database Limits in the Ovid Online Help for details on applying limits.

Limit

Syntax
Abstracts Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to abstracts
Command Syntax: ..l/1 ab=y
  A limit to Abstracts will restrict retrieval to documents which include an abstract. The Abstract (AB) field contains a summary of the document. By limiting to Abstracts you will be restricting your search to records from 1976 to the present.
Animals Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to animals
  A limit to Animals will restrict retrieval to records which contain Animals in Super Taxa (ST) and/or Taxa Notes (TN).
Algae Sentence Syntax:
(Super Taxonomic Group)
limit 1 to algae
limit 1 to charophyta
  A limit to Algae will restrict retrieval to records which contain the term in Super Taxa (ST) and/or Taxa Notes (TN).
Article Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to article
  A limit to Article will restrict retrieval to the 'article' Publication type.
Bacteria Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to bacteria
limit 1 to cyanobacteria
  A limit to Bacteria will restrict retrieval to records which contain the term in Super Taxa (ST) and/or Taxa Notes (TN).
Book Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to book
  A limit to Book will restrict retrieval to the 'book' Publication type.
Continent Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to asia
limit 1 to south america
 

A limit to Continent will restrict retrieval to one or more of the seven continents. Continent limits limits work on all records from 1993 forward. Some records before 1993 also work with this limit.

Note: this limit is available in the Biological Abstracts® Archive.

Country Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to canada
limit 1 to burkina faso
 

A limit to Country will restrict retrieval to one or more of over 175 countries. Country limits are only valid on records from 1993 forward.

Note: this limit is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

Developmental Stage Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to blastula
limit 1 to immature
 

A limit to Developmental Stage will present a list of developmental stages. Developmental Stages limits are only valid on records from 2003 forward.

Note: this limit is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

Disease Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to nutritional disease
limit 1 to metabolic disease
 

A limit to Disease will present a list of diseases to choose from. Disease limits limits work on all records from 1998 forward. Some records before 1998 also work with this limit.

Note: this limit is available in the Biological Abstracts® Archive.

English Language Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to english language
Command Syntax: ..l/1 en=y
 

A limit to English will restrict retrieval to articles which are written in the English language. Articles exclusively in foreign languages with English abstracts will be eliminated by a limit to English. By limiting to English Language you will also be restricting your search to records from 1978 to the present.

Note: this limit is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

Fossil Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to fossil
 

A limit to Fossil will restrict retrieval to fossils, and is only valid from 2003 forward.

Note: this limit is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

Full Text

Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to full text

 

A limit to Full Text will restrict retrieval to those citations for which there is a full text link. Both Ovid full text and external full text are included in this limit.

Fungi Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to ascomycetes
limit 1 to myxophyta
  A limit to Fungi will restrict retrieval to records which contain the term in Super Taxa (ST) and/or Taxa Notes (TN).
Gender Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to male
limit 1 to female
 

A limit to Gender will present a list of gender values. Gender limits are only valid on records from 2003 forward.

Note: this limit is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

Geopolitical Region Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to antarctic region
limit 1 to australasian region
limit 1 to ethiopian region
limit 1 to nearctic region
limit 1 to neotropical region
limit 1 to oriental region
limit 1 to palearctic region
 

A limit to Geopolitical Region will present a list of regions to choose from. Geopolitical Region limits limits work on all records from 1993 forward. Some records before 1993 also work with this limit.

Note: this limit is available in the Biological Abstracts® Archive.

Human Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to human
Command Syntax: ..l/1 hu=y
  A limit to Human will restrict retrieval to articles which are primarily about human subjects; it will retain articles, however, about both human and animal subjects.
Invertebrates Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to invertebrates
limit 1 to insects
  A limit to Invertebrates will restrict retrieval to records which contain the term in Super Taxa (ST) and/or Taxa Notes (TN).
Languages Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to french
Command Syntax: ..l/1 lg=fre
 

A limit to Language will restrict retrieval to any of the languages indexed by BIOSIS. If you choose this option, you will be presented with an alphabetic list of languages from which to select. Language limits are only valid for records from 1978 forward.

Note: this limit is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

Latest Update

Sentence Syntax:

limit 1 to latest update

 

New documents are added to the BIOSIS database at regular intervals. A limit to latest update will restrict retrieval to documents which were most recently added to the database.

Note: this limit is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

Literature Types Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to obituary
limit 1 to protocol
 

A limit by Literature Type will restrict retrieval to specific literature types such as Bibliography, Nomenclature, and Taxonomic Key. If you select this limit, you will be presented with a list of literature types from which to choose.

Note: this limit is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

Mammals Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to mammals
limit 1 to primates
  A limit to Mammals will restrict retrieval to records which contain the term in Super Taxa (ST) and/or Taxa Notes (TN).
Meeting Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to meeting
  A limit to Meeting will restrict retrieval to the 'meeting' Publication type.
Microorganisms Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to microorganisms
limit 1 to microorganism
  A limit to Microorganisms will restrict retrieval to records which contain Microorganisms in Super Taxa (ST) and/or Taxa Notes (TN).
New Taxa Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to new taxa
 

A limit to New Taxa will restrict retrieval to all source documents in which new taxa are discussed.

Note: this limit is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

New Taxon Modifiers Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to new species
limit 1 to new subgenus
 

A limit by New Taxon Modifiers will present a list of new taxa to choose from. New Taxon limits are only valid on records from 2003 forward. To limit the full coverage of the database to new taxa, use the limit to New Taxa.

Note: this limit is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

Nonvascular plants Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to nonvascular plants
limit 1 to fungi
  A limit to Nonvascular Plants will restrict retrieval to records which contain the term in Super Taxa (ST) and/or Taxa Notes (TN).
Oceans and Bodies of Water Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to pacific ocean
limit 1 to mediterranean sea
 

A limit to Oceans and Bodies of Water will present a list of major oceans, seas and gulfs. Oceans and Bodies of Water limits work on all records from 1993 forward. Some records before 1993 also work with this limit.

Note: this limit is available in the Biological Abstracts® Archive.

Organ System Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to reproductive system
limit 1 to "dental and oral system"
 

A limit to an Organ System will present a list of organ systems. Organ System limits are only valid on records from 1998 forward.

Note: this limit is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

Organism Role Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to fermentation agent
limit 1 to parasite
 

A limit to Organism Role will present a list of organism roles. Organism Role limits are only valid on records from 2003 forward.

Note: this limit is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

Ovid Full Text Available Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to Ovid Full Text Available

 

A limit to Ovid Full Text Available will restrict retrieval to those citations for which an Ovid full text link is available. When viewing a citation with full text available use the LINK button to display the full text.

Plants Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to plants
limit 1 to plant
  A limit to Plants will restrict retrieval to records which contain Plants in Super Taxa (ST) and/or Taxa Notes (TN).
Protozoa Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to ciliata
limit 1 to cnidosporidea
limit 1 to flagellata
limit 1 to sarcodina
limit 1 to sporozoa
limit 1 to suctoria
  A limit to Protozoa will restrict retrieval to records which contain the term in Super Taxa (ST) and/or Taxa Notes (TN).
Publication Type Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to meeting
limit 1 to Technical Report
  A limit by Publication Type will restrict retrieval to specific publication types such as Book, Book Chapter and Company Profile. If you select this limit, you will be presented with a list of publication types from which to choose.
Publication Year Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to yr=2003
Command Syntax: ..l/1 yr=2003
  You can restrict retrieval to any of the years which this database segment covers. If you choose this option, you will be prompted to enter the desired year; the format is 4 digits ("2003") or a range ("2001-2006").
Review Articles Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to "review articles"
 

A limit to Review Articles will restrict retrieval to documents which include literature reviews, software reviews, and taxonomic reviews.

Note: this limit is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

Sequence Data Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to amino acid sequence
limit 1 to nucleotide sequence
 

A limit to Sequence Data will restrict retrieval to either Amino Acid Sequence or Nucleotide Sequence. Sequence Data limits are only valid on records from 1989 forward.

Note: this limit is not available in the BIOSIS Previews® Archive.

States, Provinces and Territories Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to alberta
limit 1 to texas
limit 1 to queensland
 

A limit to States, Provinces, and Territories will present a list of each state, territory, district, and province in the United States, Canada and Australia. States, Provinces, and Territories limits work on all records from 1993 forward. Some records before 1993 also work with this limit.

Note: this limit is available in the Biological Abstracts® Archive.

Type of Name Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to genus
limit 1 to variety
 

A limit to Type of Name will present a list of organism taxonomic levels. Type of Name limits work on all records from 2003 forward. Some records before 2003 also work with this limit.

Note: this limit is available in the Biological Abstracts® Archive.

Vascular plants Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to vascular plants
limit 1 to dicots
  A limit to Vascular Plants will restrict retrieval to records which contain the term in Super Taxa (ST) and/or Taxa Notes (TN).
Vertebrates Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to vertebrates
limit 1 to birds
  A limit to Vertebrates will restrict retrieval to records which contain the term in Super Taxa (ST) and/or Taxa Notes (TN).
Viruses Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to viruses
limit 1 to bacterial viruses
limit 1 to animal viruses
  A limit by Virus will present a list of 4 modifiers from which to select: Animal Viruses, Bacterial Viruses, Plant Viruses or Viruses, which include all the previous modifiers.
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Tools
The following Search Tools are available for this database. For specific information on using these tools, refer to the Ovid Online Help linked below.
  • Permuted Index
  • Scope Notes
  • Explode
  • Tree
    If you are unsure of what term to use, or if the search term you are using doesn't work, you can use one of these terms to enter the tree:

    Major Concepts

         

    Gender

         

    Sequence Data

    Super Taxa

         

    Taxa Notes

         

    Geopolitical Locations

    New Taxon Modifiers

         

    Parts, Structures, and Systems

         

    Geologic Time

    Fossil Modifiers

         

    Diseases

         

    Methods and Equipment

    Type of Name

         

    Chemicals and Biochemicals

         

    Concept Codes

    Developmental Stage

         

    Drug Modifiers

         

     

    Organism Role

         

    Chemical Role

         

     

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Changing to this Database

Search Labels: See the Segmentation information in this field guide for applicable database segment labels.

Use the Change Database link to change to and from Thomson Scientific BIOSIS segments.

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Sample Documents
Sample 1
Accession Number
  PREV201000561498
Record Owner
  Copyright 2018 Clarivate Analytics.
Author/Editor/Inventor 
  Fanciulli, Pietro Paolo [Author, Reprint Author; E-mail: fanciullip@unisi.it]; 
  Loreti, Mara [Author; E-mail: heidi52it@yahoo.it]; 
  Dallai, Romano [Author; E-mail: dallai@unisi.it]. 
Institution 
  Univ Siena, Dept Evolutionary Biol, Via Aldo Moro 2, I-53100 Siena, Italy.
Country 
  Italy
Title 
  A new cave species of Deuteraphorura (Collembola: Onychiuridae) and 
  redescription of four species of the genus from Italy
Source 
  Zootaxa.(2609). SEP 13 2010. 34-54.
Publication Type 
  Article.
Literature Type 
  Taxonomic Key.  
ISSN 
  1175-5326(print); 1175-5334(electronic)
Concept Codes 
  [00504] General biology - Taxonomy, nomenclature and terminology
  [07502] Ecology: environmental biology - General and methods
  [07508] Ecology: environmental biology – Animal
  [11102] Anatomy and Histology - Gross anatomy
  [62800] Animal distribution
  [63590] Invertebrata: general and systematic - Insecta: other orders
  [64076] Invertebrata: comparative, experimental morphology, physiology and pathology - Insecta: physiology 
Language 
  English
Abstract 
  The description of a new species and the redescription of four species of the genus 
  Deuteraphorura are given. Deuteraphorura caprelleana sp. nov. is characterized by 
  the peculiar distribution of dorsal (32/033/33354) and ventral (3/011/3212) pseudocelli 
  that allow to recognize it from the other congeneric species. Furthermore, four species, 
  Deuteraphorura apuanica (Dallai, 1970), D. pseudobosnaria (Dallai, 1970), D. 
  pseudoinsubraria (Dallai, 1970) and D. pseudoghidinii (Dallai, 1969), are redescribed 
  based on type and new topotypic material to furnish the description of some characters, 
  especially concerning the chaetotaxy, not considered in the original description. 
  A proposed key to the italian species is also reported. 
Major Concepts  
  Biogeography: Population Studies; Systematics and Taxonomy 
Biosystematic Codes 
  [75306] Collembola [new taxon]
Super Taxa  
  [75306] Collembola [new taxon], Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Animalia
Taxa Notes  
  Collembola: Animals, Arthropods, Insects, Invertebrates
Organisms  
  Collembola: higher_taxa [Collembola]; 
  Onychiuridae: family [Collembola]; 
  Deuteraphorura caprelleana: species, new species, description [Collembola]; 
  Deuteraphorura apuanica: species [Collembola]; 
  Deuteraphorura pseudobosnaria: species [Collembola]; 
  Deuteraphorura pseudoinsubraria: species [Collembola]; 
  Deuteraphorura pseudoghidinii: species [Collembola]Collembola: higher_taxa [Collembola]; 
  Onychiuridae: family [Collembola]; 
  Deuteraphorura caprelleana: species, new species, description [Collembola]; 
  Deuteraphorura apuanica: species [Collembola]; 
  Deuteraphorura pseudobosnaria: species [Collembola]; 
  Deuteraphorura pseudoinsubraria: species [Collembola]; 
  Deuteraphorura pseudoghidinii: species [Collembola]
Geopolitical Locations  
  Italy: Europe, Palearctic region
Miscellaneous Descriptors  
  chaetotaxy
Year of Publication 
  2010
Update Code 
  201000. BIOSIS Update: 20101005.
Sample 2
Accession Number 
  PREV201000561494
Record Owner 
  Copyright 2018 Clarivate Analytics.  
Author/Editor/Inventor 
  Braasch, Dietrich [Author, Reprint Author; E-mail: d.braasch@t-online.de]; 
  Boonsoong, Boonsatien [Author; E-mail: fscibtb@ku.ac.th]. 
Institution  
  Kantstr 5, D-14471 Potsdam, Germany.  
Country  
  Germany
Title 
  A contribution to the Heptageniidae (Insecta, Ephemeroptera) of Thailand and Malaysia
Source  
  Zootaxa.(2610). SEP 13 2010. 1-26.  
Publication Type 
  Article.  
ISSN 
  1175-5326(print); 1175-5334(electronic)   
Concept Codes 
  [00504] General biology - Taxonomy, nomenclature and terminology
  [07502] Ecology: environmental biology - General and methods
  [07508] Ecology: environmental biology – Animal
  [11102] Anatomy and Histology - Gross anatomy
  [25502] Development and Embryology - General and descriptive
  [62800] Animal distribution
  [63572] Invertebrata: general and systematic - Insecta: general
  [63590] Invertebrata: general and systematic - Insecta: other orders
  [64076] Invertebrata: comparative, experimental morphology, physiology and pathology - Insecta: physiology
Language 
  English
Abstract  
  A brief survey of Heptageniidae (Ephemeroptera) from Thailand and Malaysia is presented. 
  New for science are Afronurus namnaoensis sp. nov., Compsoneuria langensis sp. nov., 
  Epeorus inthanonensis sp. nov., Epeorus (Belovius) khayengensis sp. nov. and Epeorus 
  nguyenbaeorum sp. nov., from Thailand and Compsoneuria perakensis sp. nov. from Malaysia; 
  the new species originate from rivers and streams in the north of Thailand and from some 
  streams in peninsular Malaysia. For the first time, the male of Asionurus primus Braasch 
  & Soldan, 1986 is described and a larva of supposed Iron longitibius Nguyen & Bae, 2004 
  is illustrated from Thailand. Compsoneuria (Siamoneuria) kovaci Braasch, 2006 was 
  originally not adequately placed in Compsoneuria Eaton, 1881. Its true affiliation 
  remains unclear. Supposed Epeorus hieroglyphicus Braasch & Soldan, 1984, redescribed by 
  Nguyen and Bae (2004), is renamed to Epeorus nguyenbaeorum sp. nov. Two new findings of 
  Heptageniidae are reported from Thailand: Epeorus bifurcatus Braasch & Soldan, 1979 and 
  Iron martinus Braasch & Soldan, 1984. Rhithrogeniella ornata Ulmer, 1939 is recorded 
  from Malaysia for the first time.   
Major Concepts 
  Biogeography: Population Studies; Systematics and Taxonomy 
Biosystematic Codes 
  [75318] Ephemeroptera [new taxon]
  [75300] Insecta
Super Taxa 
  [75318] Ephemeroptera [new taxon], Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Animalia
  [75300] Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Animalia  
Taxa Notes 
  Ephemeroptera: Animals, Arthropods, Insects, Invertebrates; 
  Insecta: Animals, Arthropods, Insects, Invertebrates   
Organisms  
  Ephemeroptera: higher_taxa [Ephemeroptera]; 
  Heptageniidae: family [Ephemeroptera]; 
  Afronurus namnaoensis: species, new species, description [Ephemeroptera]; 
  Compsoneuria langensis: species [Ephemeroptera]; 
  Epeorus inthanonensis: species [Ephemeroptera]; 
  Epeorus khayengensis: species [Ephemeroptera]; 
  Epeorus nguyenbaeorum: species [Ephemeroptera]; 
  Compsoneuria perakensis: species [Ephemeroptera]; 
  Asionurus primus: species, male [Ephemeroptera]; 
  Iron longitibius: species, larva [Ephemeroptera]; 
  Compsoneuria kovaci: species [Ephemeroptera]; 
  Epeorus bifurcatus: species, new record, description [Ephemeroptera]; 
  Iron martinus: species, new record, description [Ephemeroptera]; 
  Rhithrogeniella ornata: species, new record, description [Ephemeroptera]; 
  Insecta: higher_taxa [Insecta]   
Methods & Equipment  
  survey: applied and field techniques   
Geopolitical Locations
  Thailand: Asia, Oriental region; Malaysia: Asia, Oriental region 
Year of Publication 
  2010
Update Code 
  201000. BIOSIS Update: 20101005.
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