AGRICOLA Database Guide
Menu:

Produced by the National Agricultural Library, AGRICOLA contains bibliographic records of materials acquired by the National Agricultural Library and cooperating institutions in agricultural and related sciences. Records come from the NAL Online Public Access Catalog and NAL’s Article Citation Database. The catalog provides citations to books, audiovisual materials and serials. The article database provides citations to journal articles, book chapters, reports and reprints.

Coverage includes: agricultural administration, laws and regulations, economics, education, training and extension, engineering and products; animal science; aquatic sciences; chemistry; energy as related to agriculture; entomology; feed science; food science and food products; forestry; general agriculture; geography, meteriology, climatology and history; home economics and human ecology; human nutrition; institutional food service; life sciences; natural resources management and environmental pollution; pesticides; plant diseases; plant science and production; rural sociology; soil science; veterinary medicine.

Segments and Years of Coverage
Name   Years of Coverage
AGRA   1970 - Present

The limit of databases that you can select for a multifile search session is based upon database segments rather than actual databases. The Ovid multifile segment limit is set at 120 to avoid impacting your search sessions. This database includes 6 segments.

This database is updated online monthly.

 

Fields
The following list is sorted alphabetically by field alias. Click a field name to see the description and search information.
All Fields in this Database
  Abstract (AB) Holding Institution (HL) Physical Description (PD)
  Acquisition Information (AI) Identifier (ID) Place of Publication (PP)
  Accession Number (AN) ISBN (IB) Publication Type (PT)
  All Searchable Fields (AF) ISSN (IS) Publisher (PB)
  Author (AU) Issue / Part (IP) Publisher Number (PN)
  Book Title (BT) Journal Name (JN) Report Number (RN)
  Category Code (CC) Journal Word (JW) Series Information (SE)
  Category Code Word (CW) Language (LG) Source (SO)
  Coden (CD) Latest Revision (LR) Subject Heading (SH)
  Corporate Author (CA) Map Information (MX) SUDOC Number (SN)
  Date of Publication (DP) Meeting Information (MI) Summary Language (SL)
  Descriptor (DE) NAL Location (AL) Target Audience (TA)
  Edition (ED) Note (NT) Title (TI)
  Electronic Location (EL) Original Title (OT) Update Code (UP)
  Geographic Area (GC) Pagination (PG) Volume (VO)
  GPO Item Number (GN) Personal Name as Subject (PS) Year of Publication (YR)
  Heading Word (HW)    
Go: Table of Contents or Back 
Default Fields for Unqualified Searches (MP): Searching for a term without specifying a field in Advanced search, or specifying .mp., defaults to the following ‘multi-purpose’ (.mp.) fields for this database: mi,ti,ot,mx,nt,ab,hw.
  Abstract (AB) Meeting Information (MI) Original Title (OT)
  Heading Word (HW) Note (NT) Title (TI)
  Map Information (MX)    
Go: Table of Contents or Back 

Default Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: The following fields are included by default for each record.

  Abstract (AB) Identifier (ID) Publication Type (PT)
  Acquisition Information (AI) ISBN (IB) Publisher Number (PN)
  Accession Number (AN) ISSN (IS) Report Number (RN)
  Author (AU) Language (LG) Source (SO)
  Book Title (BT) Local Messages (LM) Subject Heading (SH)
  Category Code (CC) NAL Location (AL) SUDOC Number (SN)
  Coden (CD) Map Information (MX) Summary Language (SL)
  Corporate Author (CA) Meeting Information (MI) Target Audience (TA)
 

Descriptor (DE)

Note (NT) Title (TI)
  Electronic Location (EL) Original Title (OT) Update Code (UP)
  Geographic Area (GC) Personal Name as Subject (PS) Year of Publication (YR)
  GPO Item Number (GN) Physical Description (PD)  
  Holding Institution (HL) Place of Publication (PP)  
Go: Table of Contents or Back 

All Fields for Display, Print, Email, and Save: Use the Select Fields button in the Results Manager at the bottom of the Main Search Page to choose the fields for a record.

  Abstract (AB) Electronic Location (EL) Personal Name as Subject (PS)
  Accession Number (AN) Identifier (ID) Publication Type (PT)
  Author (AU) Map Information (MX) Source (SO)
  Category Code (CC) Meeting Information (MI) Subject Heading (SH)
  Corporate Author (CA) Note (NT) Title (TI)
  Descriptor (DE) Original Title (OT) Update Code (UP)
Go: Table of Contents or Back 
Elements of Source (SO) Field: Ovid searches the following fields as part of the record source.
  Book Title (BT) Pagination (PG) Series Information (SE)
  Issue / Part (IP) Place of Publication (PP) Volume (VO)
  Journal Name (JN) Publisher (PB)  
Go: Menu or Back 
The following list is sorted alphabetically by the two-letter label, and includes the relevant alias, at least one example for all searchable fields, and a description of the field.
Label Name / Example
AB Abstract [Word Indexed]
dietary fiber.ab.
soil conservation.ab.
  The Abstract (AB) field contains the full text of the abstract. For records other than those describing journal articles and book chapters, this field may also contain a summary, annotation, review, or short description of the material.
Back 
AF

All Searchable Fields
field crops.af.
logging.af.

  All Searchable Fields (AF) is an alias for all of the fields which occur in the source documents, including value-added fields such as Subject Headings (SH).
Back 
AI Acquisition Information [Word Index]
dept of agriculture.ai.
  The Acquisition Information (AI) field contains acquisition information for the item described or its reproduction. Stock numbers may be included.
Back 
AL

NAL Location [Phrase Indexed]
"TX741.R6".al.

  The NAL Location (AL) field contains either a National Agricultural Library (NAL) call number or an NAL classification number.
Back 
AN

Accession Number [Phrase Indexed]
cat10744992.an.

  The Accession Number (AN) contains a unique 11 character alphanumeric identifier assigned by the National Agricultural Library.
Back 
AU Author [Phrase Indexed]
ladd jn.au.
padilla$.au.
  The Author (AU) field contains one or more authors. The author's last name is followed by either initials or given names. You may search an author's name by entering the last name followed by the first initial, if known. Use truncation to find variations in author names.
Back 
BT

Book Title [Word Indexed]
ascorbic acid.bt.
life.bt.

  The Book Title (BT) field includes the title of the book containing the chapter that has been individually indexed.
Back 
CA

Corporate Author [Word Indexed]
international potato center.ca.
world health organization.ca.

 

The Corporate Author (CA) field contains corporate names and may also include departments and sub-departments.

The information is taken from the source document and is not standardized. Enter the single most descriptive word in a corporate name, for example, "harvard" rather than "university". Consider both full spellings and abbreviations.

Back 
CC

Category Code [Phrase Indexed]
n200.cc.
rural sociology.cc.

  The Category Code (CC) field contains alphanumeric subject codes and their corresponding headings. These codes have been assigned by the National Agricultural Library. The headings and their scope notes may be viewed using the Classification Code tool.
Back 
CW

Category Code Word [Word Indexed]
agriculture.cw.
a000.cw

 

The Category Code Word (CW) index contains alphanumeric subject codes and their corresponding headings.  These codes have been assigned by the National Agricultural Library and vary over time.  The codes, headings and their scope notes may be viewed using the Classification Codes tool.

Back 
CD Coden [Phrase Indexed]
jfdsaz.cd.
bibudz.cd.
  The Coden (CD) field contains a five or six character unique identifier for scientific and technical periodical titles.
Back 
DE

Descriptor [Phrase Indexed]
faba beans.sh.
pachycereus schottii.sh

  The Descriptors (DE) field contains controlled vocabulary terms that are not from the National Agricultural Library Agricultural Thesaurus. See the Subject Heading (SH) field for terms from the National Agricultural Library Agricultural Thesaurus. See the Personal Name as Subject (PS) field for a person who is the subject of a work.
Back 
DP

Date of Publication [Display Only]

  The Date of Publication (DP) field consists of the date of publication for an article or chapter. This field displays as part of the Source (SO) field.
Back 
ED

Edition [Word Indexed]
3rd.ed.

  The Edition (ED) field contains information relating to the edition of a work. Edition information displays as part of the Title (TI) field.
Back 
EL

Electronic Location [Word Indexed]
gpo gov.el.
gov.el.

  The Electronic Location (EL) field contains the information required to locate an electronic item. Elements of the electronic location are individually indexed. For example, you may search for individual elements of an internet domain.
Back 
GC

Geographic Area [Phrase Indexed]
india.gc.

  The Geographic Area (GC) field includes countries, individual states or provinces, and geographic regions when appropriate. Consider both the country and its principle sovereign entities when searching.
Back 
GN

GPO Item Number [Phrase Indexed]
1008-c.gn.

  The GPO Item Number (GN) field contains an item number assigned by the Government Printing Office (GPO). The item number is used to manage the distribution of publications to libraries within the GPO's Depository Library System.
Back 
HL

Holding Institution [Word Indexed]
dnal.hl.
txcm.hl.

 

The Holding Institution (HL) field contains the USMARC code of the institution reporting that it holds the item. For your institution's local holdings, consider the Local Messages (LM), and Locally Held (LH) fields.

Back 
HW

Heading Word [Word Indexed]
lactic acid.hw.
restaurants.hw.

  The Heading Word (HW) field includes words from the Subject Heading (SH), Identifier (ID), Personal Name as Subject (PS), Category Code (CC), and Geographic Area (GC) fields. You may enter both words and phrases when searching this field.
Back 
IB

ISBN [Phrase Indexed]
3110145359.ib.
002897333x.ib.

  The ISBN (IB) field contains the International Standard Book Number.
Back 
ID

Identifier [Phrase Indexed]
aquatic ecosystems.id.
biodiversity.id.

  The Identifier (ID) field contains headings not derived from a controlled subject heading system or thesaurus. Consider this field as a supplement to both Subject Heading (SH) and free-text fields, such as Title (TI) and Abstract (AB).
Back 
IP

Issue / Part [Word Index]
"11".ip.

The Issue / Part (IP) field contains the issue, supplement, or part number.
Back 
IS

ISSN [Phrase Indexed]
0002 1482.is.
0567-7572.is.

  The ISSN (IS) field contains the International Standard Serial Number. It appears as an 8 digit number, separated by a hyphen: 0028-4793. Use a hyphen or space when searching.
Back 
JN

Journal Name [Phrase Indexed]
american bee journal.jn.
nucleic acids research.jn.

  The Journal Name (JN) field contains the full Journal Name used in AGRICOLA. The Journal Name displays in the Source (SO) field.
Back 
JW

Journal Word [Word Indexed]
cryobiology.jw.
poultry research.jw.

  The Journal Word (JW) field contains words from the Journal Name. You may use both words and phrases to search this field. The JW index is not available on the Microsoft Windows NT platform.
Back 
LG

Language [Phrase Indexed]
polish.lg.

  The Language (LG) field contains the language or languages included in a work.
Back 
LR

Latest Revision [Phrase Indexed]
960307.lr.


The Latest Revision (LR) field indicates the year, month, and day a record was revised by the National Agricultural Library. The Latest Revision displays in the Update Code (UP) field.
Back 
MI

Meeting Information [Word Indexed]
european isko conference.mi.
milwaukee, wis.mi.

  The Meeting Information (MI) field contains information for a meeting or conference citation. Included is the conference name, place, and date.
Back 
MX

Map Information [Word Indexed]
scale.mx.

  The Map Information (MX) field contains mathematical data associated with cartographic material, including a statement of scale, statement of projection, and a statement of bounding coordinates. The coordinates can represent a bounding rectangle, the outline of the area covered, or the outline of an interior area not covered. For celestial charts, it may also contain a statement of zone, declination data, ascension data, and equinox.
Back 
NT

Note [Word Indexed]
includes bibliographical references.nt.
summary in spanish.nt.

  The Note (NT) field contains additional information which may be helpful identifying a work or its content.
Back 
OT

Original Title [Word Indexed]
plagas.ot.
bovins laitiers.ot.

  The Original Title (OT) field contains the title in its original language.
Back 
PB

Publisher [Word Indexed]
Scientific.pb.

  The Publisher (PB) field contains the publisher for books and serials.
Back 
PD

Physical Description [Word Indexed]
in box.pd.
instruction booklet.pd.

  The Physical Description (PD) field contains the physical description of the item which consists of its extent, dimensions, and other physical details, including information concerning accompanying material. It displays as part of the Source (SO) field.
Back 
PG

Pagination [Phrase Indexed]
xvii.pg.

  The Pagination (PG) field displays the full pagination of the article or chapter. It displays as part of the Source (SO) field.
Back 
PN

Publisher Number [Word Index]
nsv05v.pn.

  The Publisher Number (PN) field contains publishers' numbers and names used for sound recordings, printed music, and video recordings.
Back 
PP

Place of Publication [Phrase Indexed]
china.pp.

  The Place of Publication (PP) field includes both countries and individual states or provinces when appropriate. Consider both the country and its principle sovereign entities when searching.
Back 
PS

Personal Name as Subject [Phrase Indexed]
losee c$.ps.

 

The Personal Name as Subject (PS) field contains the subject heading when it contains the name of a person who is the subject of a work. Generally the full name is included. You may also find dates and information specifically relating to the type of information included in the work.

Use truncation when searching difficult to spell names in this field.

Back 
PT

Publication Type [Phrase Indexed]
journal article.pt.
computer file.pt.

  The Publication Type (PT) field contains both the type of work as well as the content of a work.
Back 
RN

Report Number [Word Indexed]
(a or epa530).rn.

  The Report Number (RN) field contains the report number assigned by a specific agency or institution.
Back 
SE

Series Information [Word Indexed]
99th congress, 1st session.se.

  The Series Information (SE) field contains information gleaned from a variety of series statements. It displays as part of the Source (SO) field.
Back 
SH

Subject Heading [Phrase Indexed]
nitrogen balance.sh.
animal welfare.sh.

  The Subject Heading (SH) field contains terms from the National Agricultural Library Agricultural Thesaurus. See the Descriptors (DE) field for controlled vocabulary terms from other thesauri and the Personal Name as Subject (PS) field for a person who is the subject of a work
Back 
SL

Summary Language [Phrase Indexed]
spanish.sl.

  The Summary Language (SL) field contains the language or languages of abstracts or summaries included in a work.
Back 
SN

SUDOC Number [Word Indexed]
ag8357.sn.

  The SUDOC Number (SN) field contains the classification number assigned to a government document by a government agency at the state, national, or international level.
Back 
SO

Source
journal of food science.so.
"1996".so.

  The Source (SO) field includes the Journal Name (JN), Date of Publication (DP), Volume (VO), Issue (IP), and Pagination (PG) for journal articles; Book Title (BT) for book chapters, Place of Publication (PP), Publisher (PB), Series Information (SE) and Date of Publication (DP) for books and book chapters; and Place of Publication (PP) and Publisher (PB) for serials.
Back 
TA

Target Audience [Phrase Indexed]
juvenile.ta.
adult.ta.

  The Target Audience (TA) field contains the target level for which a work is intended. Levels include Preschool, Primary, Elementary or junior high, Secondary or senior high, Adult, Specialized, General, and Juvenile.
Back 
TI

Title [Word Indexed]
pale bird syndrome.ti.
legumes.ti.

  The Title (TI) field contains the title of a journal article, book chapter, book or serial and also information from the Edition (ED) field if available. In records for book chapters, the Book Title (BT) field will display in the Source (SO) field.
Back 
UP

Update Code [Word Indexed]
"200605".up

 

The Update Code (UP) field contains the six-digit numeric code indicating the year (Y) and month (M) of the update in the format YYYYMM. Latest Revision (LR) by the producer also appears here in the format YYMMDD.

Back 
VO

Volume [Word Indexed]
"207".vo.

  The Volume (VO) field contains the volume number or designation of a work. Volume information is displayed in the Source (SO) field.
Back 
YR

Year of Publication [Phrase Indexed]
"1996".yr.

  The Year of Publication (YR) field contains the year in which a work is reported to be published.
Go: Menu or Back 

 

Advanced Searching
You can use special search syntax to combine search terms or strategically develop a search.
Operator Syntax Search Example Sample Results
OR x or y influenza or h5n1 "H9N2 influenza A virus infection in chickens"

 

The OR operator retrieves records that contain any or all of the search terms. For example, the search vitamin c or ascorbic acid retrieves results that contain the terms vitamin c, ascorbic acid or both terms; results are all inclusive. You can use the OR operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
AND x and y influenza and h5n1 "potentially pandemic H5N1 influenza virus"

 

The AND operator retrieves only those records that include all of the search terms. For example, the search learning and nutrition retrieves results that contain the term learning and the term nutrition together in the same record; results are exclusive of records that do not contain both of these terms. You can use the AND operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
NOT x not y influenza not h5n1 "1999-2000 avian influenza epidemic"

 

The NOT operator retrieves records that contain the first search term and excludes the second search term. For example, the search education not primary retrieves only those records that contain the term education but excludes the term primary. In this way, you can use the NOT operator to restrict results to a specific topic.
You can use the NOT operator in both unqualified searches and searches applied to a specific field.
Adjacency (ADJ) x y avian influenza "Vaccination of chickens against H5N1 avian influenza"

 

The Adjacent operator (ADJ) retrieves records with search terms next to each other in that specific order. You do not need to separate search terms manually by inserting ADJ between them, because when you separate terms with a space on the command line, Ovid automatically searches for the terms adjacent to one another. For example, the search blood pressure is identical to the search blood adj pressure.
Defined Adjacency (ADJn) x ADJn y influenza adj3 africa "avian influenza A virus in wild waterfowl in South Africa"

 

The defined adjacency operator (ADJn) retrieves records that contain search terms within a specified number (n-1) of words from each other in any order (stop-words included). To use the adjacency operator, separate your search terms with ADJ and a number from 1 to 99 as explained below:

           ADJ1     Next to each other, in any order
           ADJ2     Next to each other, in any order, up to 1 word in between
           ADJ3     Next to each other, in any order, up to 2 words in between
           ADJ99   Next to each other, in any order, up to 98 words in between

For example, the search physician adj5 relationship retrieves records that contain the words physician and relationship with a maximum of four words in between in either direction. This particular search retrieves records containing such phrases as physician patient relationship, patient physician relationship, or relationship between cancer patient and physician.
Please note Ovid’s order of operation handles terms within parentheses first. Therefore it is recommended to apply the ADJn operator in one-on-one operations to avoid missing out on results. E.g. stroke adj4 (blood pressure or high blood pressure) could potentially miss out on some combinations of stroke with high blood pressure. The optimum way to execute this on Ovid is: (stroke adj4 blood pressure) OR (stroke adj4 high blood pressure).
Frequency (FREQ) x.ab./FREQ=n poultry.ab. /freq=3 "total PCBs in poultry fat tissue was not influenced by the type of poultry"

 

The frequency operator (FREQ) lets you specify a threshold of occurrence of a term in the records retrieved from your search. Records containing your search term are retrieved only if the term occurs at least the specified (n) number of times. In general, records that contain many instances of your search term are more relevant than records that contain fewer instances. The frequency operator is particularly useful when searching a text field, such as Abstract or Full Text, for a common word or phrase. For instance, blood.ab./freq=5, will retrieve records containing the word "blood," at least five times in the Abstract (ab) field.
Unlimited Truncation ($) x$ rat$ "interstitial fibrosis of rats induced by cisplatin"

 

Unlimited truncation retrieves all possible suffix variations of the root word indicated. To apply unlimited truncation to a term, type the root word or phrase followed by either of the truncation characters: $ (dollar sign) or : (colon). For example, in the truncated search rat$, Ovid retrieves the word rat as well as the words rats, and more.
Limited Truncation ($) x$n dog$1 "Epilepsy afflicts 1% of humans and 5% of dogs"

 

Limited truncation specifies a maximum number of characters that may follow the root word or phrase. For example, the truncated search dog$1 retrieves results with the words dog and dogs; but it does not retrieve results with the word dogma.
Mandated Wildcard (#) xx#y wom#n "women with a high dietary intake of persistent organochlorine compounds"

 

Searching with a mandated wildcard retrieves all possible variations of a word in which the wildcard is present in the specified place. You can use it at the end of a term to limit results to only those that contain the word plus the mandated character. For example, the search dog# retrieves results that contain the word dogs, but not those that contain the word dog, effectively limiting results to only those that contain the plural form of the word. The mandated wild card character (#) is also useful for retrieving specialized plural forms of a word. For example, the search wom#n retrieves results that contain both woman and women. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Optional Wildcard (?) xx?y colo?r "Feather Color in a Migratory Songbird"

 

The optional wild card character (?) can be used within or at the end of a search term to substitute for one or no characters. This wild card is useful for retrieving documents with British and American word variants since it specifies that you want retrieval whether or not the extra character is present. For example, the optional wild card search colo?r retrieves results that contain the words color or colour. You can use multiple wild cards in a single query word.
Literal String ("") "x / y" "Heat / Cold Application"

"color analyses of hot and cold break tomato juices"

"n" "3".vo

"Vadose zone journal VZJ. 2004 Aug. 3(3)"

 

Quotation marks can be used to retrieve records that contain literal strings, when the string includes special characters, such as a forward slash (/).

Quotation marks can also be used to retrieve records that contain numbers that may otherwise be confused for earlier searches. In the example, a search for 3.vo would limit the string from your third search in your search history to the volume field. By including the number in quotation marks, the search will retrieve documents with a 3 in the volume number.

Go: Menu or Back 

 

Stopwords
The Ovid search engine applies so called "run-time stopword processing". This means the search engine on the fly ignores the stopwords: and, as, by, for, from, in, is, of, on, that, the, this, to, was, were & with.

Therefore a search: at risk for diabetes.ti will also find: at risk of diabetes. The distance of one word in between is kept, but the stopword "for" is ignored.

Go: Menu or Back 

 

Limits
The following limits are available for this database. See Database Limits in the Ovid Online Help for details on applying limits.

Limit

Syntax
Abstracts Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to abstracts
Command Syntax: ..l/ ab=y
  A limit to Abstracts will restrict retrieval to documents which include an abstract. Over 50% of the DatabaseName records after 1975 contain abstracts. All abstracts included in the DatabaseName are in English and were written by the author(s) of the original article.
Books Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to books
  A limit to Book restricts retrieval to books and manuscripts as well as other monographic items, such as computer files.
Book Chapters Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to book chapter
  A limit to Book Chapter restricts retrieval to book chapter records.
English Language Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to english
Command Syntax: ..l/1 lg=en
  A limit to English Language restricts retrieval to works written primarily in English.
Government Publication Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to international
limit 1 to federal <national>
Command Syntax: .l/1 up=y
  You may limit retrieval to one or more types of government publications, including autonomous or semi-autonomous, federal or national, international, local, multistate, and state or provincial.
Journal Article Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to journal articles
  A limit to Journal Articles will restrict retrieval to documents which are indexed from journals. Use this limit to eliminate the retrieval of any of the other available Publication Types.
Language Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to czech
  You may limit retrieval to one or more languages. The languages listed in this limit retrieve over 90 per cent of the records in AGRICOLA. However, there are many more available and may be searched by either language or three-letter MARC code in the Language(LG) index.
Latest Update Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to latest update
Command Syntax: ..1/ xx=y
  A limit to latest update restricts retrieval to documents which were most recently added to the database.
Literature Reviews Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to "literature review"
  A limit to Literature Reviews restricts retrieval to books containing literature surveys and reviews and to those journal article and book chapter records indexed from 1985 to present as literature reviews, literature surveys or reviews.
Nature of Contents Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to handbooks
limit 1 to filmographies
  You may limit retrieval to one or more types of contents.
Ovid Full Text Available: Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to ovid full text available
  A limit to Ovid Full Text Available will restrict retrieval to those citations for which an Ovid full text link is available.
Publication Types Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to journal article
limit 1 to government publication
imit 1 to literature review
  You may limit retrieval to one or more Publication Types.
Publication Year Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to yr=1996
Command Syntax: ..l/1 yr=1996
  A limit to Publication Year restricts retrieval to any of the publication years covered in the AGRICOLA database. If you choose this option you will be promoted to enter the desired year; the format is 4 digits: "1989" or a range: "1994-1995".
Publishing Agency Subsets Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to usda
  You may limit retrieval to one or more Publishing Agency Subsets. These subsets provides a means for the identification and grouping of publishers of particular importance to the agricultural community and to the National Agricultural Library. Included are the USDA, U.S. State Agricultural Experiment Station, U.S. State Agricultural Extension Service, FAO, unpublished material in the NAL Translation File, U.S. imprints other than USDA, Experiment or Extension (US Other), and Non-U.S. imprint other than FAO (Foreign Other).
Target Audience Sentence Syntax: llimit 1 to adult
limit 1 to primary
  You may limit retrieval to a specific audience.
USDA Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to agricultural cooperative service
  A limit to USDA will restrict retrieval to imprints of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
U.S. State Experiment Stations or Extension Services Sentence Syntax: limit 1 to utah
  You may restrict retrieval to one or more U.S. State Experiment Stations or Extension Services.
Go: Menu or Back 

 

Tools
The following Search Tools are available for this database. For specific information on using these tools, refer to the Ovid Online Help linked below.
Go: Menu or Back 

 

Changing to this Database
To change a search session to a segment of this database from another database or another segment, use the following syntax in the Ovid Syntax tab:
  Command Syntax: ..c/agra
  Sentence Syntax: use agra
Go: Menu or Back 

 

Sample Documents
Sample 1
Accession Number
  CAT10570566.
Author
  Lewis, Maryfrances. Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol. Bernstein, Joan.
Title
  Children, get a headstart on the road to good nutrition : a nutrition 
  education curriculum for preschool children in Head Start / [developed 
  by Maryfrances Lewis, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, and Joan Bernstein.
Source
  [Washington, D.C.?] : U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 
  Office of Human Development Services, Administration for Children, 
  Youth and Families, Head Start Bureau, 1986. 1 v. (various pagings) : 
  ill. ; 29 cm. 
Note
  "May 1986" -- Prelim. Developed as part of Contract 05-85-1527 from
  the Head Start Bureau to Montclair State College, Upper Montclair,
  N.J. 07043. Includes bibliographical references.
Abstract
  Abstract: A nutrition education curriculum for preschool children in
  Head Start, "Children, Get a Head Start on the Road to Good Nutrition,"
  was designed to promote learning in three to five year olds with varying
  skills and abilities. The curriculum uses a multidisciplinary approach
  to nutrition by combining nutrition information with other subject
  matter areas (language arts, mathematics, physical development, food
  preparation, the arts, social studies, music). The curriculum is
  organized into nine units, titled 1) Food Makes Me Me, 2) Planning to
  Feed Me, 3) Clean Eating, 4) Variety Surrounds Me, 5) Food is
  Sens-ational, 6) Food Origins, 7) Body Building Basics, 8) Eating The
  Basic Ways, and 9) Special Occasion Foods. An introduction page in each
  unit identifies 1) the unit title, 2) student goals of the unit and a
  brief rationale for each, 3) a summary of background information and
  appropriate resource materials for the teacher, and 4) skills and
  knowledge children should be able to demonstrate after completing the
  unit. The first lesson in each unit introduces major unit concepts and
  provides a framework for the rest of the unit. Additional lessons
  reinforce and expand upon concepts presented in the first lesson,
  using a variety of teaching techniques (games, creative arts, food
  preparation, circle time activities. Lessons consist of the following
  components:; 1) name, 2) objectives, 3) required materials, 4)
  presentation directions, and 5) techniques for assessing children's
  learning. Special notes and recommendations are provided for planning
  and suspervising cooking experiences with Head Start children.
  References and source of nutrition education teaching aids are provided.
Subject Heading Head Start programs. Nutrition--Study and teaching (Preschool). Children--Nutrition--Juvenile literature. School children--Food--Juvenile literature. Education, Preschool--Juvenile literature. Identifier teaching materials. curriculum guides. preschool education. nutrition. learning activities. lesson plans. menus. recipes. Category Code Nutrition And Health Education [T100]. Publication Type Book. Federal/National. Government Publication. Bibliographies. Language English. Target Audience Juvenile. Place of Publication District of Columbia. NAL Location jTX364.L4. Update Code 200501 Revision: 040331.
Sample 2
Accession Number
  IND43617103.
Author
  Nono, Y.J. Reynes, M. Zakhia, N. Raoult-Wack, A.L. Giroux, F.
Title
  Fine-tuning a combined process of dehydration-impregnation by
  immersion and drying of bananas (Musa acuminata group Cavendish).
Original Title
  Mise au point d'un procede combine de deshydratation impregnation par
  immersion et sechage de bananes (Musa acuminata groupe Cavendish).
Source
  Journal of food engineering. 2002 Dec. v. 55 (3) p. 231-236.
Note
  Includes references Summary in English.
Abstract
  Banana (Musa acuminata group Cavendish) treatment by the combined
  process of dewatering-impregnation soaking process (DISP) and drying
  was studied in the present work. Experiments were carried out in a
  laterally agitated vat. Bananas were cut into slices of 10 mm thickness
  before soaking and drying. A method of banana treatment was determined
  and consisted of soaking products in two successive sucrose baths with
  respective concentrations of 35degreesBrix and 70degreesBrix, acidified
  at 3.5 pH with ascorbic acid. The first bath, which contained 1% calcium
  chloride to ensure the firmness of the fruit, served also in blanching
  the fruit. This consisted of soaking the fruit in the solution initially
  heated at 85degreesC and leaving them to dehydrate while cooling slowly
  to room temperature over a period of 24 h. The mass ratio of fruit to
  solution for this bath was 1:6. Dehydration in the second bath at
  70degreesBrix was conducted with a fruit to solution ratio of 1:4 and at
  room temperature, for economic reasons and for the quality of final
  product. This second treatment was doubly important: there was an
  increase in the sugar content of the fruit and further water loss
  maintaining the banana slice shape during the final drying. It also
  conferred on final product a good mouth-texture (the final product was
  softer), a pleasant sweet taste and spread the banana aroma more widely.
  Treatment in two successive baths led to a weight reduction of 60.2% and
  a solute gain of 2%. Bananas then underwent a moderate drying at
  40degreesC for 72 h with an air relative humidity of less than 60%. The
  water content of the final product was 16.5% and its average water
  activity was 0.54 +/- 0.02 at 25degreesC. The final product had an
  attractive colour and did not show any brown pigmentation.
Subject Heading
  bananas. air drying. soaking. dewatering. food processing. brix.
  sugar content. drying quality. sensory properties. moisture content.
  water activity. texture. color.
Category Code
  Food Processing (Horticultural Crop Products) [Q105]. Food Composition
  And Quality (Horticultural Crop Products) [Q505].
Publication Type
  Journal Article.
Language French Summary Language English. NAL Location TP368.J68. Update Code 200501 Revision: 040325.
Go: Menu or Back 

 

Producer Information
Producer
National Agricultural Library
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Information Systems Division
10301 Baltimore Ave.
Beltsville, MD 20705
Phone: 301-504-5755
Fax: 301-504-7042
Website:http://agricola.nal.usda.gov
Copyright

Compiled and distributed by the National Agriculture Library of the Department of Agriculture of the United States of America. It contains copyrighted material. All rights reserved. 2006.

Go: Menu or Back